Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR2220002

1.3 Site name

ETHNIKOS DRYMOS AINOU

1.4 First Compilation date

1994-11

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1996-08
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:20.662222
Latitude:38.145000

2.2 Area [ha]

2903.1400

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR22Ionia Nisia

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
5210  info      0.00         
8140  info      22.0345  0.00 
8210  info      133.618  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
R1293Elaphe situla           
M1310Miniopterus schreibersii           
M1307Myotis blythii    100  200     
M1306Rhinolophus blasii           
M1305Rhinolophus euryale    50  100   
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum    100  250   
M1303Rhinolophus hipposideros           
R1217Testudo hermanni           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Abies cephalonica                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
A633Accipiter nisus                   
A633Accipiter nisus                   
A633Accipiter nisus                   
Ajuga orientalis ssp. aenesia                   
A465Alectoris graeca graeca                   
A465Alectoris graeca graeca                   
1258Algyroides moreoticus                   
1258Algyroides moreoticus                   
1258Algyroides moreoticus                   
1258Algyroides moreoticus                   
Alkanna corcyrensis                   
A228Apus (Tachymarptis) melba                     
A228Apus (Tachymarptis) melba                     
A226Apus apus                   
A226Apus apus                   
Arenaria guicciardii                   
Astragalus sempervirens ssp. cephalonicus                   
A218Athene noctua                   
A218Athene noctua                   
A087Buteo buteo                   
A087Buteo buteo                   
A087Buteo buteo                   
A403Buteo rufinus                   
A403Buteo rufinus                   
A403Buteo rufinus                   
Campanula garganica ssp. cephallenica                   
Campanula garganica ssp. cephallenica                   
A366Carduelis cannabina                   
A366Carduelis cannabina                   
A364Carduelis carduelis                   
A364Carduelis carduelis                   
A745Carduelis chloris                   
A745Carduelis chloris                   
Centaurea alba ssp. subciliaris                   
Cerastium candidissimum                   
Crocidura leucodon                   
Crocidura leucodon                   
Crocidura suaveolens                   
Crocidura suaveolens                   
Crocus hadriaticus                   
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                   
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                   
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                   
A738Delichon urbicum (urbica)                     
A738Delichon urbicum (urbica)                     
A377Emberiza cirlus                   
A377Emberiza cirlus                   
A382Emberiza melanocephala                   
A382Emberiza melanocephala                   
A382Emberiza melanocephala                   
1327Eptesicus serotinus                   
1327Eptesicus serotinus                   
1327Eptesicus serotinus                   
A709Falco peregrinus brookei                   
A709Falco peregrinus brookei                   
A096Falco tinnunculus                   
A096Falco tinnunculus                   
A096Falco tinnunculus                   
A657Fringilla coelebs                     
A657Fringilla coelebs                     
A657Fringilla coelebs                     
A244Galerida cristata                   
A244Galerida cristata                   
A244Galerida cristata                   
Galium peloponnesiacum                   
A342Garrulus glandarius                   
A342Garrulus glandarius                   
Geocaryum peloponnesiacum                   
A740Hippolais (iduna) pallida                     
A740Hippolais (iduna) pallida                     
A252Hirundo daurica                   
A252Hirundo daurica                   
A251Hirundo rustica                   
A251Hirundo rustica                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
A339Lanius minor                     
A339Lanius minor                     
A341Lanius senator                   
A341Lanius senator                   
A604Larus michahellis                     
A604Larus michahellis                     
A604Larus michahellis                     
Lepus europaeus                   
Lepus europaeus                   
A271Luscinia megarhynchos                     
A271Luscinia megarhynchos                     
A271Luscinia megarhynchos                     
Martes foina                   
Martes foina                   
Meles meles                   
Meles meles                   
A230Merops apiaster                     
A230Merops apiaster                     
A230Merops apiaster                     
A746Miliaria (Emberiza) calandra                   
A746Miliaria (Emberiza) calandra                   
A319Muscicapa striata                   
A319Muscicapa striata                   
Mustela nivalis                   
Mustela nivalis                   
5004Myotis aurascens                   
5004Myotis aurascens                   
5004Myotis aurascens                   
1331Nyctalus leisleri                   
1331Nyctalus leisleri                   
1331Nyctalus leisleri                   
1312Nyctalus noctula                   
1312Nyctalus noctula                   
1312Nyctalus noctula                   
A278Oenanthe hispanica                   
A278Oenanthe hispanica                   
A278Oenanthe hispanica                   
A277Oenanthe oenanthe                   
A277Oenanthe oenanthe                   
A277Oenanthe oenanthe                   
A337Oriolus oriolus                     
A337Oriolus oriolus                     
A337Oriolus oriolus                     
A214Otus scops                   
A214Otus scops                   
A214Otus scops                   
Paronychia albanica ssp.graeca                   
A329Parus (Cyanistes) caeruleus                   
A329Parus (Cyanistes) caeruleus                   
A330Parus major                   
A330Parus major                   
A620Passer domesticus                   
A620Passer domesticus                   
A771Passer hispaniolensis                   
A771Passer hispaniolensis                   
Petrorhagia fasciculata                   
A314Phylloscopus sibilatrix                     
A314Phylloscopus sibilatrix                     
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
Poa cephalonica                   
1248Podarcis taurica                   
1248Podarcis taurica                   
1248Podarcis taurica                   
A276Saxicola (torquatus) rubicola                   
A276Saxicola (torquatus) rubicola                   
Scaligeria moreana                   
Scutellaria rubicunda ssp. cephalonica                   
Silene ionica                   
A209Streptopelia decaocto                   
A209Streptopelia decaocto                   
A770Sylvia cantillans                     
A770Sylvia cantillans                     
A305Sylvia melanocephala                   
A305Sylvia melanocephala                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
Talpa caeca                   
Talpa caeca                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
Thymus holosericeus                   
A283Turdus merula                   
A283Turdus merula                   
A283Turdus merula                   
Viola cephalonica                   
Viola cephalonica                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N080.07
N1791.17
N180.16
N228.60

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

Kefalonia is the biggest island in the Ionian region and Mt. Ainos is the highest Ionian mountain with an altitude exceeding 1,600 m. It is a well known mountain, not only due to its altitude but also due to the presence of the famous Abies cephalonica forest which is the main element of the vegetation cover in the highest altitude of this mountain. Abies cephalonica is a Greek endemic species and Mt. Ainos is its "locus classicus". The area of this site consists of three main habitats as follows: a) The Abies forest, very often at moderate altitudes mixed with species of macchie vegetation; b) the rocky slopes which are characterized by looser vegetation but with only a few very important species, and c) the rocky summit and unforested area which houses most of the endemic species of the Kefalonian and Ionian flora. The area of the site has been characterized as a National Park.

4.2 Quality and importance

As an ecosystem and as natural inheritance, the Abies cephalonica forest of this site is considered very important because it is the only forest of this type in the entire Ionian area. Also, this forest is geographically isolated from similar forests of continental Greece, where Abies cephalonica hybridizes with the Balkan Abies borisii-regis, is important as a genetic resource. It is also to be pointed out that the site is also an important one from a biogeographical point of view since the majority of the Ionian endemics can be found at the highest altitudes of Mt. Ainos. Also, the distribution pattern of several plant species occurring in this site suggest phytogeographical links between the Greek and Italian peninsulas. As far as the fauna is concerned, specific reptilian species of Annex II of the 92/43/EEC Directive (section 3.2), and some Other Important Taxa (section 3.3) have been recorded as occurring in this site. Two of these important taxa, the mole Talpa caeca and the jackal Canis aureus, are threatened species placed under the categories of "Insufficiently Known" and "Vulnerable" respectively, in the Greek Red Data Book. The lizard of the Algyroides moreoticus is endemic to Greece. Most of the "Important Taxa" are mentioned in the Bern Convention (motivation C) and/or in the Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981 (motivation D). The invertebrate species listed in section 3.3 with motivation C are protected by the Bern Convention. Saturnia pyri is protected by the IUCN Red List and the European Red List of Globally Threatened Animals and Plants and it is included in the "Listing of biotopes in Europe according to their significance for invertebrates".

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA04o
MD01.02i
MD06i
HF03.01i
LG01.02i
MJ01o
MJ01i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LG01.02i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR0595.55
IN0195.55

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR05Ainos*95.55

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Ainos*95.55

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:MANAGEMENT BODY OF “ETHNIKOS DRYMOS AINOU”
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

Management plan for the National Forest Park - 1996.

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY