Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR2220003

1.3 Site name

ESOTERIKO ARCHIPELAGOS IONIOU (MEGANISI, ARKOUDI, ATOKOS, VROMONAS)

1.4 First Compilation date

1994-12

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1996-08
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:20.836944
Latitude:38.579444

2.2 Area [ha]

88246.7800

2.3 Marine area [%]

98.4000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR22Ionia Nisia
GR22Ionia Nisia
GR23Dytiki Ellada

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1120  info  X     0.00   
1150  info  X     0.00         
1170  info      0.00   
1240  info      34.787  0.00 
1410  info      1.44773  0.00 
2250  info  X     0.00         
5420  info      0.00         
9290  info      2.49477  0.00 
9320  info      869.514  0.00 
9540  info      132.026  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
R1227Chelonia mydas                   
R1279Elaphe quatuorlineata           
M1355Lutra lutra           
R1217Testudo hermanni           
R1218Testudo marginata    10  100     
M1349Tursiops truncatus    12  100   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
1243Algyroides nigropunctatus                   
1243Algyroides nigropunctatus                   
1243Algyroides nigropunctatus                   
Anguis cephallonica                   
Anguis cephallonica                   
Aplysina aerophoba                   
Balanophyllia europaea                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                   
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                   
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                   
Cystoseira compressa                   
Cystoseira corniculata                   
Cystoseira spinosa                   
1350Delphinus delphis    15  40             
1350Delphinus delphis    15  40             
1350Delphinus delphis    15  40             
Erysimum corinthium                   
Ganonema farinosum                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
5669Hierophis gemonensis                   
5669Hierophis gemonensis                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
Ophidiaster ophidianus                   
Paracentrotus lividus                   
Paracentrotus lividus                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
1248Podarcis taurica                   
1248Podarcis taurica                   
1248Podarcis taurica                   
Posidonia oceanica                   
Sargassum vulgare                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0199.62
N020.01
N040.01
N080.36

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

Three main Ionian islands, Lefkada, Ithaki and Kefalonia and the continental Greece (Sterea Ellada) delimit geographically from West, North and East the site, including the coasts of islands and islets such as Arkoudi, Meganisi, Kithros, Skorpios, Skorpidi, Sparti, Madouri, Formikoula, Atokos, Kalamos, Kastos and Vromonas. The geomorphology of these islands coasts create various habitats for the marine and also terrestrial flora and fauna. In the sheltered waters of the archipelago, important marine predator species being on the top of the food chain are resident or common, indicating the biological richness of the area.

4.2 Quality and importance

The faunistic importance of this site is evident. The marine environment of the site offers refuge to many important top predator species indicating the biological richness of the area. Especially Delphinus delphis is present in the site with one of its last 3-4 spot populations in the whole Mediterranean. Many isolated and resident individuals of the species still survive in the area, representing probably the remains of a practically extincted (formerly big) Adriatic-Ionian "population". (Politi et al., 1994; Politi & Frantzis in prep.). Another important natural habitat type that constitutes a common component of the coastal marine environment of the site, are the Posidonia sea beds. Their conservation status in the area is still excellent and furthermore a Directive 92/43/EEC Annex IV invertebrate species (Pinna nobilis) is common within their limits. Little clusters with Juniperus phoenicea in good ecological condition participate in the composition of the vegetation. Furthermore, the brushwooding formations, the small area' s clusters with Pinus halepensis and the olive groves complete the landscape of the site. TThe lacertid lizard Algyroides nigropunctatus is endemic to the western Balkans taking the D motivation for these additional reasons.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MD01.02b
LD03.02o
ME01.01i
ME03.01i
HF01.01i
HF02b
LF02.01.02i
HF02.01.02i
MF02.01.02b
HF02.02.01i
HF02.02.01o
MF02.02.02i
HF02.02.04i
HF02.02.04i
HF02.02.04o
HF02.03i
LF02.03.01i
MF02.03.03b
LF03.01i
LF03.02.02i
LF05.01b
HF05.02b
MF05.04b
LF05.05i
HF06i
MG01i
LG01.01i
MG05i
LG05.01b
MG05.02b
HG05.07b
LH01i
LH01.03i
LH01.05b
LH01.08b
MH03.01b
MH03.03b
MH06.05i
MI01b
MI02b
LI03.01b
MJ03.01b
HJ03.01.01i
LL09i
MM01.01b
MM02.01b
LXb
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LG01.01i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR080.00
GR920.02
GR960.00

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR08Zones prostasias tis fysis PF1, PF2, PF3 kai PF4 Ethnikou Parkou limnothalasson Mesolongiou*0.00
GR92Perifereiakes perioches PP1, PP2, PP3, PP4, PP5, PP6, PP7 kai Perifereiaki zoni Ethnikou Parkou Mesolongiou*0.01
GR96Ethniko Parko limnothalasson Mesolongiou Ψ Aitolikou, kato rou kai ekvolon Acheloou kai Evinou kai nison Echinadon*0.00

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Zones prostasias tis fysis PF1, PF2, PF3 kai PF4 Ethnikou Parkou limnothalasson Mesolongiou*0.00
Perifereiakes perioches PP1, PP2, PP3, PP4, PP5, PP6, PP7 kai Perifereiaki zoni Ethnikou Parkou Mesolongiou*0.01
Ethniko Parko limnothalasson Mesolongiou Ψ Aitolikou, kato rou kai ekvolon Acheloou kai Evinou kai nison Echinadon*0.00

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY