Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

GR2220006

1.3 Site name

KEFALONIA: AINOS, AGIA DYNATI KAI KALON OROS

1.4 First Compilation date

2009-07

1.5 Update date

-

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2010-03
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/6-9-2010 (OJ 1495 B)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:19.546389
Latitude:39.764167

2.2 Area [ha]

20684.4900

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR22Ionia Nisia

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA402Accipiter brevipes           
BA402Accipiter brevipes         
BA297Acrocephalus scirpaceus                     
BA465Alectoris graeca graeca                   
BA255Anthus campestris    10       
BA259Anthus spinoletta                     
BA256Anthus trivialis                     
BA228Apus (Tachymarptis) melba    30  50       
BA226Apus apus    50  100     
BA091Aquila chrysaetos       
BA090Aquila clanga       
BA215Bubo bubo           
BA087Buteo buteo         
BA087Buteo buteo    11       
BA403Buteo rufinus       
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla               
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus           
BA080Circaetus gallicus    10         
BA080Circaetus gallicus       
BA081Circus aeruginosus             
BA082Circus cyaneus               
BA083Circus macrourus                   
BA084Circus pygargus           
BA738Delichon urbicum (urbica)    150  200     
BA447Emberiza caesia    10  30     
BA379Emberiza hortulana                     
BA269Erithacus rubecula                     
BA101Falco biarmicus         
BA100Falco eleonorae    12  20       
BA709Falco peregrinus brookei       
BA097Falco vespertinus                   
BA321Ficedula albicollis    200               
BA442Ficedula semitorquata    50               
BA657Fringilla coelebs                     
BA740Hippolais (iduna) pallida      50               
BA439Hippolais olivetorum               
BA252Hirundo (Cecropis) daurica                     
BA251Hirundo rustica                     
BA338Lanius collurio    500         
BA338Lanius collurio       
BA339Lanius minor    40               
BA339Lanius minor             
BA341Lanius senator      30  50  p              
BA246Lullula arborea             
BA230Merops apiaster    200       
BA260Motacilla flava    200                 
BA319Muscicapa striata      1000                 
BA278Oenanthe hispanica      200  300  p              
BA277Oenanthe oenanthe                     
BA337Oriolus oriolus    20                 
BA214Otus scops    500       
BA094Pandion haliaetus                   
BA771Passer hispaniolensis    30             
BA072Pernis apivorus       
BA273Phoenicurus ochruros                     
BA274Phoenicurus phoenicurus                     
BA315Phylloscopus collybita                     
BA249Riparia riparia                   
BA210Streptopelia turtur         
BA770Sylvia cantillans                     
BA309Sylvia communis                     
BA283Turdus merula                     
BA285Turdus philomelos                     
BA232Upupa epops                     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Abies cephalonica                   
A619Accipiter gentilis gentilis                   
A619Accipiter gentilis gentilis                   
A619Accipiter gentilis gentilis                   
A633Accipiter nisus                   
A633Accipiter nisus                   
A633Accipiter nisus                   
Ajuga orientalis ssp. aenesia                   
Alkanna corcyrensis                   
Arenaria guicciardii                   
Astragalus sempervirens ssp. cephalonicus                   
A218Athene noctua                   
A218Athene noctua                   
Campanula garganica ssp. cephallenica                   
Campanula garganica ssp. cephallenica                   
A366Carduelis cannabina                   
A366Carduelis cannabina                   
A364Carduelis carduelis                   
A364Carduelis carduelis                   
A745Carduelis chloris                   
A745Carduelis chloris                   
A365Carduelis spinus                   
A365Carduelis spinus                   
Centaurea alba ssp. subciliaris                   
Cerastium candidissimum                   
A637Certhia brachydactyla                   
A637Certhia brachydactyla                   
A288Cettia cetti                   
A288Cettia cetti                   
A289Cisticola juncidis                   
A289Cisticola juncidis                   
A373Coccothraustes coccothraustes                   
A373Coccothraustes coccothraustes                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus    20                 
A687Columba palumbus palumbus    20                 
A350Corvus corax                   
A350Corvus corax                   
A347Corvus monedula                   
A347Corvus monedula                   
Crocus hadriaticus                   
A378Emberiza cia                   
A378Emberiza cia                   
A377Emberiza cirlus                   
A377Emberiza cirlus                   
A096Falco tinnunculus    10  15           
A096Falco tinnunculus    10  15           
A096Falco tinnunculus    10  15           
Galium peloponnesiacum                   
A342Garrulus glandarius                   
A342Garrulus glandarius                   
Geocaryum peloponnesiacum                   
A746Miliaria (Emberiza) calandra                   
A746Miliaria (Emberiza) calandra                   
A281Monticola solitarius                   
A281Monticola solitarius                   
Paronychia albanica ssp. graeca                   
A329Parus (Cyanistes) caeruleus                   
A329Parus (Cyanistes) caeruleus                   
A330Parus major                   
A330Parus major                   
A656Periparus ater                   
A656Periparus ater                   
Petrorhagia fasciculata                   
Poa cephalonica                   
A318Regulus ignicapilla                   
A318Regulus ignicapilla                   
A317Regulus regulus                   
A317Regulus regulus                   
A276Saxicola (torquatus) rubicola                   
A276Saxicola (torquatus) rubicola                   
Scaligeria moreana                   
A155Scolopax rusticola    100                 
A155Scolopax rusticola    100                 
Scutellaria rubicunda ssp. cephalonica                   
Silene ionica                   
A311Sylvia atricapilla                   
A311Sylvia atricapilla                   
A305Sylvia melanocephala                   
A305Sylvia melanocephala                   
1217Testudo hermanni                   
1217Testudo hermanni                   
1217Testudo hermanni                   
1217Testudo hermanni                   
1218Testudo marginata                   
1218Testudo marginata                   
1218Testudo marginata                   
1218Testudo marginata                   
Thymus holosericeus                   
A676Troglodytes troglodytes                   
A676Troglodytes troglodytes                   
A287Turdus viscivorus                   
A287Turdus viscivorus                   
Viola cephalonica                   
Viola cephalonica                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N010.10
N051.40
N0862.65
N0918.13
N111.75
N120.12
N1710.52
N215.31
N230.00

Total Habitat Cover

99.97999999999999

Other Site Characteristics

Kefalonia is the biggest island in the Ionian region and Mt. Ainos is the highest Ionian mountain with an altitude exceeding 1,600 m. It is a well known mountain, not only due to its altitude but also due to the presence of the famous Abies cephalonica forest which is the main element of the vegetation cover in the highest altitude of this mountain. Abies cephalonica is a Greek endemic species and Mt. Ainos is its "locus classicus". The area of this site consists of three main habitats as follows: a) The Abies forest, very often at moderate altitudes mixed with species of macchie vegetation; b) the rocky slopes which are characterized by looser vegetation but with only a few very important species, and c) the rocky summit and unforested area which houses most of the endemic species of the Kefalonian and Ionian flora. The area of the site has been characterized as a National Park. From a geological point of view, limestones and dolomites constitute the bedrock of Mt. Kalon Oros. The slopes of south and southwest exposure have steep gradients whilst all other slopes are characterized by gentle gradients. The vegetation cover presents a low diversity since it is mainly composed of macchia with the dominant species of Quercus coccifera, Pistacia lentiscus and Arbutus unedo. Macchia vegetation is very dense on eastern and northern exposed slopes, while on the south and southwestern slopes it is very sparse. In higher altitudes up to the peak, rocky grasslands with sparse individuals of Quercus coccifera occur on the west exposed slopes. These areas were cultivated in the past (olive trees, vineyards) but are now abandoned.

4.2 Quality and importance

These two mountains hold significant populations of birds of prey, including the very rare and endangered Lanner Falcon (Falco biarmicus), as well as the Short-toed Eagle (Circaetus gallicus). Griffon Vultures (Gyps fulvus) that once visited the area from the colonies of Western Greece are now very rare sightings. There are also breeding pais of Eagle Owls (Bubo bubo), the largest owl in Greece.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA04o
C03.03
MD01.02o
MD01.02i
MD06i
MF03.01o
HF03.01i
HF03.02.02i
MJ01i
MJ01o
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR0513.50
GR950.00
IN0113.50
IN0644.35

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR05Ainos*13.50
GR95Neochori (Komitaton-Karyas)*0.00

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Ainos*13.50
Neochori (Komitaton-Karyas)*0.00

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:MANAGEMENT BODY OF “ETHNIKOS DRYMOS AINOU”
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY