Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR2230002

1.3 Site name

LIMNOTHALASSA KORISSION (KERKYRA)

1.4 First Compilation date

1994-12

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1996-08
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:19.918056
Latitude:39.443611

2.2 Area [ha]

2316.8800

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR22Ionia Nisia

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1150  info  X     427.197  0.00 
1410  info      3.84023  0.00 
1420  info      1.11182  0.00 
2110  info      22.5057  0.00 
2120  info      46.9126  0.00 
2220  info      0.00         
2250  info  X     123.173  0.00 
6420  info      7.00811  0.00 
7210  info  X     1.0407  0.00 
92A0  info      3.22821  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
F1152Aphanius fasciatus           
I1078Callimorpha quadripunctaria           
R1279Elaphe quatuorlineata           
R1220Emys orbicularis           
M1355Lutra lutra           
R2373Mauremys rivulata           
M1316Myotis capaccinii             
F5279Pelasgus thesproticus           
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum             
R1217Testudo hermanni           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
1243Algyroides nigropunctatus                   
1243Algyroides nigropunctatus                   
1243Algyroides nigropunctatus                   
Anguis fragilis                   
Anguis fragilis                   
1281Elaphe longissima                   
1281Elaphe longissima                   
1281Elaphe longissima                   
1277Eryx jaculus                   
1277Eryx jaculus                   
1277Eryx jaculus                   
5669Hierophis gemonensis                   
5669Hierophis gemonensis                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
6292Knipowitschia goerneri                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1263Lacerta viridis                   
1263Lacerta viridis                   
1263Lacerta viridis                   
Natrix natrix                   
Natrix natrix                   
1292Natrix tessellata                   
1292Natrix tessellata                   
1292Natrix tessellata                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
5363Pelophylax kurtmuelleri                   
5363Pelophylax kurtmuelleri                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
1209Rana dalmatina                   
1209Rana dalmatina                   
1209Rana dalmatina                   
Syngnathus abaster                   
Syngnathus abaster                   
Typhlops vermicularis                   
Typhlops vermicularis                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0217.29
N030.11
N049.36
N060.01
N070.07
N100.41
N1564.87
N160.01
N187.87

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

This area lying on the SW coast of the island of Kerkyra (Corfu), is of great importance not only as a wetland but also because of the biological and aesthetic value of the sandy beaches close to the lagoon. At the southern sandy beach, the presence on the island of the unique Juniperus stands and the petrified sand-dunes create an area of great aesthetic value. The site consists of: the Korission Lake (the largest lake in Kerkyra), and the surrounding lake and seashores which are charcterized by varied and important Mediterranean vegetation types. Among them are: 1) The cruceanelletum maritimae which has the eastern limits of its distribution range here in the Korission area. This area is also the single locality in Greece from where Crucianella maritima has been reported, and 2) The Juniperous phoencea stands growing on the southern sandy beaches of the area which seem to be the unique remnants of such a forest in the islands of Corfu. The site is also characterized by the petrified sand-dunes which create an area of great aesthetic value. The most important part of the site is that separating the sea from Korission Lake (between Garziki Point and the beginning of Agios Georgios beach). This is a complex, interesting and almost unaltered ecosystem, one of the few remaining natural ecosystems in Corfu which has not been greatly changed by tourist development.

4.2 Quality and importance

As mentioned 4.1, the Lake Korission area is a complex and more or less still well-conserved ecosytem of high biological, aesthetic and, as a consequence, economic value, unusual for an island such as Kerkyra which has been so greatly altered by tourist development. As for the main wetland in the island of Kerkyra, Korission Lake is an important site for wildlife protection in the area, and especially for bird migration and breeding, the survival of the protected species Lutra lutra and conservation of the natural vegetation types existing in the area. A status of a protective legal frame is necessary for this site. Strict law abiding to the existing legal frame is also required. On the other hand, the site needs further studies to develop a sustainable management programme and the development of activities, which would be friendly to the environment. The presence of coniferous representatives as elements of low altitude Mediterranean types of vegetation is not very common and very often existing Juniperus phoenicea's clusters are considered as remnants of old and more extensive forests. Moreover Juniperus clusters, as those observed in sandy beaches of SW Kerkyra (Korission Lake's area), are very rare in Greece. The occurrence of the otter Lutra lutra in Lake Korission is uncertain. Some more taxa recorded in the area are listed as either Other Important Species (section 3.3). Among them the jackal Canis aureus is threatened in Greece (threat category "Vulnerable"); it is very rare throughout the island of Kerkyra which, together with the island of Samos, is the only Greek island still maintaining small jackal populations.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA04i
LA04.02i
MC01.01.02i
ME01b
ME01.01i
LE01.01i
LE03o
HE03.01i
MF01i
MF02b
HF03.01i
HG05i
LG05i
HG05.07b
HH01i
MH01b
MH01.03i
MH01.05b
MH01.08b
MH03.01b
HH03.03b
HH06.01i
LI01b
MJ02I
MJ02.05i
HJ03.01i
MJ03.01I
HM01.01b
HM02.01b
HXOo
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MC01.01.02i
LG05i
LUb

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR950.68

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Pantokrator Vigla (Agiou Matthaiou)*0.68

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Pantokrator Vigla (Agiou Matthaiou)*0.68

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY