Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

C

1.2 Site code

GR2230003

1.3 Site name

ALYKI LEFKIMΜIS (KERKYRA)

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-01

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2001-10
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/6-9-2010 (OJ 1495 B)
Date site proposed as SCI:1996-08
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:20.068611
Latitude:39.451944

2.2 Area [ha]

212.7300

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR22Ionia Nisia

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1150  info  X     76.083  0.00 
1210  info      0.16992  0.00 
1310  info      0.0435235  0.00 
1410  info      0.710478  0.00 
1420  info      126.755  0.00 
92D0  info      0.0269863  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA229Alcedo atthis           
BA054Anas acuta           
BA255Anthus campestris           
F1152Aphanius fasciatus           
BA228Apus (Tachymarptis) melba           
BA226Apus apus             
BA699Ardea cinerea cinerea           
BA699Ardea cinerea cinerea           
BA634Ardea purpurea purpurea           
BA635Ardeola ralloides ralloides           
BA169Arenaria interpres           
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla           
BA144Calidris alba           
BA672Calidris alpina alpina           
BA147Calidris ferruginea           
BA145Calidris minuta           
BA146Calidris temminckii             
BA682Charadrius alexandrinus alexandrinus           
BA682Charadrius alexandrinus alexandrinus           
BA682Charadrius alexandrinus alexandrinus           
BA198Chlidonias leucopterus           
BA084Circus pygargus           
BA122Crex crex           
BA036Cygnus olor           
BA738Delichon urbicum (urbica)           
BA698Egretta alba (Casmerodius albus albus)           
BA697Egretta garzetta garzetta           
R1279Elaphe quatuorlineata           
BA097Falco vespertinus           
BA130Haematopus ostralegus           
BA131Himantopus himantopus           
BA251Hirundo rustica           
BA177Larus (Hydrocoloeus) minutus           
BA176Larus melanocephalus           
BA614Limosa limosa limosa           
M1355Lutra lutra           
BA260Motacilla flava           
BA159Numenius tenuirostris                   
BA391Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis           
BA391Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis           
BA151Philomachus pugnax           
BA663Phoenicopterus roseus           
BA700Plegadis falcinellus falcinellus           
BA132Recurvirostra avosetta           
BA731Sterna (Gelochelidon) nilotica nilotica           
BA732Sterna (Hydroprogne) caspia caspia           
BA631Sterna (Sternula) albifrons albifrons           
BA210Streptopelia turtur           
BA048Tadorna tadorna           
BA166Tringa glareola           
BA164Tringa nebularia           
BA163Tringa stagnatilis           
BA167Xenus cinereus           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1243Algyroides nigropunctatus                   
1243Algyroides nigropunctatus                   
1243Algyroides nigropunctatus                   
Anguis fragilis                   
Anguis fragilis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
A726Charadrius dubius curonicus                   
A726Charadrius dubius curonicus                   
A726Charadrius dubius curonicus                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
Halocnemum strobilaceum                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
A641Larus fuscus intermedius                   
A641Larus fuscus intermedius                   
Natrix natrix                   
Natrix natrix                   
Puccinellia festuciformis ssp. convoluta                   
1209Rana dalmatina                   
1209Rana dalmatina                   
1209Rana dalmatina                   
Salicornia patula                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0135.55
N0222.66
N0329.21
N040.10
N050.09
N1512.37
N160.01
N230.01

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

Until few years ago the wetland had been used as a salt-works operation, but in 1988 this activity was abandoned. Since then, in relation to the growth of tourism in the island, a lot of changes have taken place in this site. Although the existing information regarding the flora and vegetation of the area is restricted to that of sedimentary coast, it is evident that a very rich flora and many coastal vegetation types exist, characterized by the dominance of different halophytic species, like Arthrocnemum glaucum, A. fruticosum, Halocnemum strobilaceum, Schoenus nigricans, Juncus subulatus, Salicornia europaea, Cakile maritima, Salsola kali, etc. It is to be pointed out, however, that the sedimentary coasts constitute only a small proportion of the whole wetland and as a consequence, existing biodiversity in the area is not restricted to the vegetation types mentioned above. The lagoon(s) , the wet and salt meadows (east of the main lagoon ), the small rivers and the neighbouring hills with their characteristic vegetation (Arbutus sp., Erica sp, Quercus coccifera, Pistacia lentiscus etc.) also seem to play an important role in the structure and function of the ecosystem as a whole.

4.2 Quality and importance

Taking into consideration that:a. This area is one of the few wetlands still existing in the island of Kerkyra; b. The sand dune and salt marsh vegetation types are well developed and conserved; c. Tourism and related activities have taken over almost the majority of the sandy beaches on the island. It is evident that this area should be protected and managed in an alternative way according to the principles of sustainable development (ecotourism, traditional agriculture and stock raising, etc.). Lastly, it should be stressed that such areas seem to be significant as "refuges" not only for birds and other animal species, but also plant species (e.g. Orchidaceae). It is believed that several plant species of the ground flora of big olive plantations existing on the island have only survived in such open habitats. This is because weedkillers are widely used in order to facilitate collection of the fallen olives. Relatively few data are available on the vertebrate taxa (other than birds) existing at this site. Moreover, the above taxa (with the exception of the lizard Ablepharus kitaibelii) have been included in the lists of the Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981 and so deserve the D motivation. The toad Bufo viridis and the lizard Ablepharus kitaibelii have been evaluated by the CORINE-Biotopes Project (motivation D). Additionally, the lizard Algyroides nigropunctatus is eligible for motivation D as it is Balkan endemics. The main zoological value of this site is confined to its avifauna consisting of resident and migratory bird taxa. It should be noted that the island of Kerkyra lies in the major western route used by migratory birds in Greece. These factors justify the characterization of this site as one of the EC Important Bird Areas.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA04.03i
MA07o
MA08o
MC03.03b
ME01.01o
LE03o
HF05.04i
LG01.03i
MG02.08i
MG05i
LI01I
MJ01i
LK01.03i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR00100.00

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY