Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

C

1.2 Site code

GR2240001

1.3 Site name

LIMNOTHALASSES STENON LEFKADAS (PALIONIS - AVLIMON) KAI ALYKES LEFKADAS

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-01

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2002-10
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/6-9-2010 (OJ 1495 B)
Date site proposed as SCI:1997-04
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:20.718333
Latitude:38.802222

2.2 Area [ha]

2120.6800

2.3 Marine area [%]

21.7600

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR22Ionia Nisia
GR23Dytiki Ellada

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1150  info  X     904.676  0.00 
1240  info      1.85294  0.00 
1310  info      72.2122  0.00 
1410  info      57.4261  0.00 
1420  info      59.6316  0.00 
2110  info      52.8892  0.00 
6420  info      0.745393  0.00 
9320  info      30.7683  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA168Actitis hypoleucos           
BA054Anas acuta    501  1000     
BA056Anas clypeata    501  1000     
BA704Anas crecca crecca    251  500     
BA050Anas penelope    1001  4150     
BA705Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos    251  500     
BA055Anas querquedula           
BA703Anas strepera strepera       
BA255Anthus campestris           
F1152Aphanius fasciatus           
BA226Apus apus           
BA699Ardea cinerea cinerea    51  100     
BA059Aythya ferina    501  1200     
BA087Buteo buteo           
BA087Buteo buteo           
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla           
BA144Calidris alba           
BA672Calidris alpina alpina           
BA147Calidris ferruginea           
BA145Calidris minuta           
BA146Calidris temminckii           
BA682Charadrius alexandrinus alexandrinus           
BA682Charadrius alexandrinus alexandrinus           
BA682Charadrius alexandrinus alexandrinus           
BA137Charadrius hiaticula           
R1227Chelonia mydas                   
BA667Ciconia ciconia ciconia           
BA667Ciconia ciconia ciconia           
BA113Coturnix coturnix           
BA122Crex crex           
BA038Cygnus cygnus    10  10     
BA036Cygnus olor    51  100     
BA738Delichon urbicum (urbica)           
BA698Egretta alba (Casmerodius albus albus)    185  185     
BA697Egretta garzetta garzetta           
BA697Egretta garzetta garzetta    51  100     
R1279Elaphe quatuorlineata           
R1220Emys orbicularis    51  100   
BA709Falco peregrinus brookei           
BA723Fulica atra atra    1001  3120     
BA153Gallinago gallinago           
BA131Himantopus himantopus           
BA131Himantopus himantopus           
BA251Hirundo rustica           
BA179Larus (Chroicocephalus) ridibundus    501  1290       
BA180Larus genei    251  500     
BA176Larus melanocephalus    51  100     
BA614Limosa limosa limosa           
M1355Lutra lutra           
R2373Mauremys rivulata           
BA069Mergus serrator    51  100     
BA260Motacilla flava           
BA768Numenius arquata arquata           
BA771Passer hispaniolensis           
F5333Pelasgus stymphalicus           
BA020Pelecanus crispus           
BA020Pelecanus crispus           
BA391Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis    51  100     
BA393Phalacrocorax pygmaeus           
BA663Phoenicopterus roseus           
BA607Platalea leucorodia leucorodia           
BA700Plegadis falcinellus falcinellus           
BA141Pluvialis squatarola           
BA691Podiceps cristatus cristatus    11  11     
BA692Podiceps nigricollis nigricollis    51  100     
BA132Recurvirostra avosetta           
BA132Recurvirostra avosetta           
BA731Sterna (Gelochelidon) nilotica nilotica           
BA191Sterna (Thalasseus) sandvicensis    11  11     
BA193Sterna hirundo           
BA048Tadorna tadorna    11  11     
R1218Testudo marginata           
BA161Tringa erythropus           
BA166Tringa glareola           
BA164Tringa nebularia           
BA165Tringa ochropus           
BA165Tringa ochropus           
BA163Tringa stagnatilis           
BA162Tringa totanus           
BA162Tringa totanus    50  50     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1243Algyroides nigropunctatus    10000             
1243Algyroides nigropunctatus    10000             
1243Algyroides nigropunctatus    10000             
Anguis fragilis                   
Anguis fragilis                   
1201Bufo viridis    1001  10000           
1201Bufo viridis    1001  10000           
1201Bufo viridis    1001  10000           
A726Charadrius dubius curonicus                   
A726Charadrius dubius curonicus                   
A726Charadrius dubius curonicus                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
5669Hierophis gemonensis                   
5669Hierophis gemonensis                   
1203Hyla arborea    1001  10000           
1203Hyla arborea    1001  10000           
1203Hyla arborea    1001  10000           
1251Lacerta trilineata    1001  10000           
1251Lacerta trilineata    1001  10000           
1251Lacerta trilineata    1001  10000           
Natrix natrix                   
Natrix natrix                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
2365Rana epeirotica                   
2365Rana epeirotica                   
5363Rana kurtmuelleri                   
5363Rana kurtmuelleri                   
Syngnathus abaster                   
Syngnathus abaster                   
A690Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis                   
A690Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis                   
A690Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0165.14
N0222.65
N033.34
N040.44
N050.00
N062.01
N100.90
N154.52
N180.44
N230.56

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

Although this area is treated as a separate site, in a wide sense, it could be considered as a part of an extensive wetland, together with the neighbouring sites of Amvrakikos Gulf and the lake of Voulkaria. The majority of the information regarding the habitats and flora of this site concerns the island of Lefkada and the study of its continental part (Prefecture of Aitoloakarnania) is expected to increase the known biodiversity and hence the ecological significance of this site. Among the main characteristics of the site which obviously must be taken into consideration, in order to formulate appropriate management programmes, the following should be mentioned: 1) its proximity to the city of Lefkada (around 15,000 inhabitants and several thousands more during the summer); 2) its proximity to one of the three main and more fertile regions of the island; 3) the extensive shellfish aquaculture which takes place within the site.

4.2 Quality and importance

This site is one of the most significant wetlands of the Ionian Islands and important not only for the conservation of wildlife but also for the economy of the area (approximately 15% of the population of the islands depends on fishing, farming and related activities for its income). The variety of habitats, together with the existence of a rich flora representative of both sand-dunes, salt-marshes and sand meadows and the existence of the local endemic plant taxon, Arenaria leucadia, are elements which support the ecological and scientific value of the site. In addition to these, we should keep in mind the role of the wetlands in relation to the conservation of the local fauna and bird migration. It should also be emphasized that the proximity of this site to another important wetland (Amvrakikos Gulf) and that these two sites should be considered probably as part of the same unique ecosystem. The site is important for wintering and passage waterbirds. A large number of waterbirds winter at the area, as it is one of the very few wetlands in Greece that hunting prohibition is practically implemented, as the lagoon is sited by the town of Lefkas. These wetlands are also notable as being important areas for a variety of migratory birds. They have been evaluated as having international importance according to the Ramsar Convention (as a part of the Amvrakikos Gulf wetlands unit). Moreover, it is a specially protected area according to the Directive 79/409/EEC, the Barcelona Convention, and Greek legislation. The invertebrate species Zerynthia polyxena (section 3.3, motivation C) is protected by the Bern Convention.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HC03.03b
MD01.02i
LD03.01i
HE01b
ME01.01i
ME03b
LE03.01i
MF01b
LF02b
LF02.03i
MF03.01i
MF05.04i
LG01.03i
MG02.08i
HG05.07i
HH01i
HH01.05b
MH01.08b
MH03.01b
MH03.03b
MJ02.05i
MJ03.01i
MM01.01b
MM02.01i
MXOo
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MF01i
LF02.03i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR995.51

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR99Perioches Gyras kai Dimosari Lefkadas*5.51

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Perioches Gyras kai Dimosari Lefkadas*5.51

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:REGIONAL UNION's DIRECTORATES OF FISHERIES
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY