Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR2240002

1.3 Site name

PERIOCHI CHORTATON (LEFKADA)

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-01

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1997-04
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:20.625556
Latitude:38.699722

2.2 Area [ha]

1249.2900

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR22Ionia Nisia

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
8210  info      74.4061  0.00 
9540  info      2.13537  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Astragalus sempervirens ssp. cephalonicus                   
Centaurea subciliaris ssp. subciliaris                   
Paeonia mascula ssp. russi                   
Paeonia peregrina                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0885.71
N157.72
N170.01
N183.41
N222.08
N231.07

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The area of this site consists of the central and mountainous part of the island of Lefkada (600-1140 m). It is located south-south-east of the villages of Exanthia and Chortata and includes the three main summits and the slopes of the mount Elati. Geologically the area is more or less uniform and is characterized by a dominant limestone substrate which also contributes to the development of an interesting geomorphology (valleys, rocky slopes, cliffs, dolines, etc.) Table-lands of different sizes are also very common in that area and until a few years ago, vineyards, producing the famous traditional red wine, were the predominant agricultural activity in that area. In spite of the fact that the highest mountain of Lefkada island is called Elati (i.e. fir tree in Greek) neither Abies forest nor single Abies trees have been observed there. The dominant vegetation type in this area is phrygana which however could be characterized as a degraded maquis. This situation seem to be the result of both human activities (agriculture, grazing, fires, etc.) and ecological factors (karstic limestones).

4.2 Quality and importance

The significance of this site is based on the presence of some floristically and biogeographically important elements. Among them are several Ionian or Greek endemic taxa already listed but also two species of the attractive and biogeographically important genus Paeonia, which is rare in Greece namely: P. mascula subsp. russi and P. peregrina. The area of our site is the northwestern end of the distribution range of P. mascula subsp. russi and the southern corresponding one for P. peregrina. It is worthnoting that Lefkada is the only site in Greece where the distribution ranges of two Paeonia species overlap. Consequently this site should be considered as "living" and remarkable evidence, possibly suggesting that Central Greece was an area where different phytogeographical elements met each other. Distribution patterns like these are very important as they help us to understand the richness and diversity of the Greek flora. The limited number of taxa known to occur in this site does not necessarily represent the diversity of its fauna. Additional research will provide a more complete picture of the site’s fauna. For the time being, only some non-bird vertebrate taxa evaluated as Other Important Species are given (see section 3.3).

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA04i
MC01.04i
MD01.02i
LF03.01i
MJ01i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR9585.69

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95D.D Karyas, Exantheias, Agiou Ilia, Nikoli Dimou Karyas, Sfakioton, Apollonion kai Ellomenou*85.69

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other D.D Karyas, Exantheias, Agiou Ilia, Nikoli Dimou Karyas, Sfakioton, Apollonion kai Ellomenou*85.69

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY