Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR2310005

1.3 Site name

OROS VARASOVA

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-02

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1997-04
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:21.597222
Latitude:38.361111

2.2 Area [ha]

1475.0100

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR23Dytiki Ellada

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1410  info      0.58581  0.00 
5420  info      124.878  0.00 
8210  info      207.035  0.00 
91M0  info      0.00         
9340  info      269.971  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
P1770Centaurea alba ssp. heldreichii    4000  6000   
R1217Testudo hermanni           
R1218Testudo marginata           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
2361Bufo bufo                   
2361Bufo bufo                   
Coluber gemonensis                   
Coluber gemonensis                   
Crocus sieberi                     
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                     
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                     
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                     
1203Hyla arborea                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
1251lacerta trilineata                   
1251lacerta trilineata                   
1251lacerta trilineata                   
Malcolmia graeca subsp. hydraea                     
1269Ophisaurus apodus                     
1269Ophisaurus apodus                     
1269Ophisaurus apodus                     
Reseda tymphaea                     
Reseda tymphaea                     
Stachys parolinii                     
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0863.47
N151.88
N165.79
N1812.66
N2215.33
N230.87

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

0

4.2 Quality and importance

The special interest of Mt. Varasova as a unique biotope is due to its steep almost vertical slopes occurring mainly on its southern, south-western and south-eastern sides. These slopes make approach difficult or impossible, and for that reason the mountain remains a significant refuge for an important flora and fauna. The most important area of the mountain is concentrated on the bare, almost vertical cliffs. In these places, many endemic or rare plants live. From the endemic species listed in section 3.3 the most important are Reseda tympaea, Stachys parolinii, which are endemic mainly to W Greece and have been noted as "Rare" according to the WCMC list. The species Crocus sieberi which occur in this site, is Balkan endemic. Moreover, apart from some, all the other taxa are also marked with motivation D since they are included either in the lists of the Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981 (B. bufo, Hyla arborea, Coluber gemonensis), and/or in the handbook of the CORINE-Biotopes Project (Hyla arborea, Ablepharus kitaibelii). The colubrid snake Coluber is also allocated the D motivation since the former is a Balkan endemic taxon. A remarkable avifauna inhabits this site. The extensive wetlands of Mesolongi and Evinos river neighbouring Mt. Varasova is one more reason indicating its major importance and quality. This mountain is well known to climbers because, although it isn't a high mountain, it is of interest due to its geomorphology and geographical position. The view from the peaks of Sfyri and Ailias of vertical southerly slopes and the Patraikos Gulf is impressive. The abrupt caves, that exist mainly on the north-eastern side of the mountain are also interesting. These caves had attracted many ascetic monks during the 12th-19th centuries, who had built a miniature Agion Oros. Today the ascetic cave Ascitario of Agioi Pateres and ruins of Agios Dimitrios, a byzantine church, are preserved.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA04i
MDI
MD01.02b
LF03.01i
MG01.04i
MI03.01b
LJ01i
LXb
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MG01.04i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR0878.89
GR9678.89

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR08Zones prostasias tis fysis PF1, PF2, PF3 kai PF4 Ethnikou Parkou limnothalasson Mesolongiou*82.53
GR96Ethniko Parko limnothalasson Mesolongiou Ψ Aitolikou, kato rou kai ekvolon Acheloou kai Evinou kai nison Echinadon*82.53

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Zones prostasias tis fysis PF1, PF2, PF3 kai PF4 Ethnikou Parkou limnothalasson Mesolongiou*82.53
Ethniko Parko limnothalasson Mesolongiou Ψ Aitolikou, kato rou kai ekvolon Acheloou kai Evinou kai nison Echinadon*82.53

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:MANAGEMENT BODY OF “LIMNOTHALASSA MESOLOGGIOU”
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY