Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR2310007

1.3 Site name

LIMNI AMVRAKIA

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-01

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1997-04
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:21.178056
Latitude:38.750556

2.2 Area [ha]

2229.1700

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR23Dytiki Ellada

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
3150  info      156.394  0.00 
6420  info      6.57867  0.00 
92D0  info      48.15  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
M1352Canis lupus               
F1144Cobitis trichonica           
F5337Economidichthys pygmaeus           
M1355Lutra lutra           
M1316Myotis capaccinii             
I4053Paracaloptenus caloptenoides           
F5333Pelasgus stymphalicus           
F5344Rutilus panosi           
F1150Silurus aristotelis           
F5341Tropidophoxinellus hellenicus           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Anchusa undulata ssp. undulata                   
Crypsis aculeata                   
Cyperus michelianus ssp. michelianus                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5280Luciobarbus albanicus                   
5280Luciobarbus albanicus                   
5004Myotis aurascens                   
5004Myotis aurascens                   
5004Myotis aurascens                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0647.15
N1532.02
N163.57
N1817.26

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

Vitex agnus-castus dominates. Vitex agnus-castus also occurs sporadically in the area near the bridge of the national road, where the main vegetation is grassland. A large area of the northern part of the lake has been drained and it is doubtful if it will ever recover, because the irrigation works and the overgrazing within this area do not allow the recovery of plant species. Within this area the soil is sandy and grassy vegetation, Vitex agnus-castus and cultivated fields with Nicotiana tabaccum occur. The absence of reed-beds, as well as riparian trees such as Salix, Populus, Alnus and Platanus from the littoral zone is characteristic. This is due to the strong changes in the water level of the lake, which are unfavorable for the development of this vegetation. Many different taxa of algae make up the phytoplankton of Amvrakia. The algae that dominate are Chlorophyta and Bacillariophyta (Diatomae) and in some places Cyanophyta, while Euglenophyta, Chrysophyta and Pyrrhophyta occur in the phytoplankton at lower frequencies. The large number of species belonging to the Chlorophyta and Cyanophyta together with the restriction of the Chrysophyta, probably indicates slight eutrophication of the lake.

4.2 Quality and importance

The water quality is suitable for irrigation and fishing. The microfloristic composition of the lake Amvrakia seems unique, obviously due to the existing special physiochemical constants and geomorphology of the area. Many species of algae were recorded as occurring in Greece (Spartinou, 1992). Apart from cosmopolitan species that participate in the phytoplankton of the lake, some algae from North and Central Europe, America as well as tropical areas were found to exist. The western slopes of the lake are covered by dense natural vegetation (macquis) and presents a valuable ecosystem. The presence of the genus Viola at this site is an indication of a healthy and clean ecosystem. This area must be protected from fire and trampling, etc. Within the important plant species of this site the Greek endemic Silene ungeri and the Balkan endemic Gallium intricatum are noteworthy. All the rest of the plants listed in section 3.3 are of great interest from a chorological point of view, as they posses a limited or scattered distributon within Greece. This lake is also improtant from ornithological aspect. Indeed it seems to be used by migratory birds (ducks, gulls, terns, waders, etc), among which threatened taxa occur (e.g., the "Endangered" Anser anser). The occurrence of large threatened birds of prey is also significant.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01i
MA04i
LA05.01i
LA08i
MA09i
MDI
MD01.02b
LD01.02i
LD01.05i
LE01i
ME03b
LE03.01i
MF01i
LF03.01i
MI03.01b
LJ01i
MJ02i
HJ02.05.02b
MJ02.06.01b
HJ03.01b
HK01.03i
LK02i
LUb
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LUb

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR9519.51

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Petalas (Amfilochias-Kechrinias-Papadatou-Stanou)*19.51

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Petalas (Amfilochias-Kechrinias-Papadatou-Stanou)*19.51

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY