Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR2310009

1.3 Site name

LIMNES TRICHONIDA KAI LYSIMACHEIA

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-01

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1997-04
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:21.484167
Latitude:38.568333

2.2 Area [ha]

14349.4600

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR23Dytiki Ellada

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1410  info      1.40774  0.00 
3150  info      669.142  0.00 
6420  info      76.0754  0.00 
7210  info  X     1.83581  0.00 
92A0  info      86.5876  0.00 
92C0  info      59.1224  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
F1103Alosa fallax           
F5094Barbus peloponnesius           
M1352Canis lupus             
F1144Cobitis trichonica           
F5337Economidichthys pygmaeus           
F5338Economidichthys trichonis           
R1279Elaphe quatuorlineata           
I1043Lindenia tetraphylla           
M1355Lutra lutra           
M1310Miniopterus schreibersii             
F5333Pelasgus stymphalicus           
F5344Rutilus panosi           
F1150Silurus aristotelis           
F5334Telestes pleurobipunctatus           
R1219Testudo graeca           
F5341Tropidophoxinellus hellenicus           
I1032Unio crassus           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
Anchusa undulata ssp. undulata                   
Anguis fragilis                   
Anguis fragilis                   
1278Coluber caspius                   
1278Coluber caspius                   
1278Coluber caspius                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                   
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                   
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                   
1327Eptesicus serotinus                   
1327Eptesicus serotinus                   
1327Eptesicus serotinus                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
1251Lacerta trilineata      10000             
1251Lacerta trilineata      10000             
1251Lacerta trilineata      10000             
Lippia nodiflora                   
5280Luciobarbus albanicus                   
5280Luciobarbus albanicus                   
Ludwigia palustris                   
Natrix natrix                   
Natrix natrix                   
1292Natrix tessellata                   
1292Natrix tessellata                   
1292Natrix tessellata                   
1312Nyctalus noctula                   
1312Nyctalus noctula                   
1312Nyctalus noctula                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
5363Pelophylax kurtmuelleri      10000             
5363Pelophylax kurtmuelleri      10000             
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
1248Podarcis taurica    1001  10000             
1248Podarcis taurica    1001  10000             
1248Podarcis taurica    1001  10000             
1209Rana dalmatina                   
1209Rana dalmatina                   
1209Rana dalmatina                   
2365Rana epeirotica      10000             
2365Rana epeirotica      10000             
Salvinia natans                   
Sorghum bicolor                   
Spirodela polyrhiza                   
Stachys arvensis                   
Stellaria pallida                   
Typhlops vermicularis                   
Typhlops vermicularis                   
1033Unio elongatulus                   
1033Unio elongatulus                   
Utricularia vulgaris                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N030.01
N0670.84
N071.50
N1524.22
N160.25
N183.01
N230.17

Total Habitat Cover

100.00000000000001

Other Site Characteristics

Although the two lakes are basically considered oligotrophic (Koussouris, 1978 and Overbeck et al., 1982) the vascular plants found there (Myriophyllum spicatum, Potamogeton pectinatus, Ranunculus trichophyllus, etc.) mostly occur in eutrophic or mesotrophic lakes (Koumpli-Sovantzi, 1983). From a florisrtic point of view, they have been investigated mainly by Koumpli-Sovantzi (1983). Lake Trichonida is surrounded by cultivated fields with Nicotiana tabaccum, Citrus and olive trees. At the littoral zone of the lake herbs predominate while shrubs (Vitex agnus-castus, Nerium oleander, Rubus sanctus) and trees (Platanus orientalis. Salix alba, Populus alba) occur only sporadically. At the upper infralittoral zone Phragmites australis and Typha domingensis dominate and there shape an almost continuous zone on the alluvial deposits mainly at the western part of the lake. Iris pseudacorus participates in low frequency of occurence in the structure of the plant communities of the upper infralittoral zone.This zone is interrupted, in some places only, by human activities. The middle infralittoral zone is locally covered by Nymphaea alba and Potamogeton nodosus species, while at the lower infralittoral zone, species of the genera Potamogeton, Myriophyllum and Chara (Charophyta) predominate. The plankton organisms occuring in this site are of special importance, because they are the dominant element of the primary flora, and are valuable indicators of the biological state of the lakes. Phytoplankton consists of numerous species of algae (Cyanophyta, Pyrrhophyta, Chlorophyta, Charophyta, Chrysophyta, Bacillariophyta, Xanthophyta and Cryptophyta) (Tafas, 1991) and contains cosmopolitan species accompanied with some endemic taxa as well as some of tropical origin. In the north-east and south-east sides of lake Trichonida, rocky calcareous places with shrubby vegetation are observed. Lake Lysimachia is surrounded by alluvial deposits, where are mainly cultivated fields with Nicotiana tabbacum. In several places permanent or seasonal marshes occur. A macrovegetational study of the aquatic tracheophytes was carried out by Koumpli-Sovatzi & Vallianatou (1985). The natural shoreline vegetation particularly consists of herbs (Scirpus holoschoenus, Paspalum paspaloides, Mentha aquatica, Kickxia elatine, Cyperus longus, Carex otrubae, Juncus acutus etc.). Some shrubs (Vitex agnus-castus) and trees (Platanus orientalis, Salix alba, Populus alba) have scattered distributions. The species dominating near the shore line is Phragmites australis. It forms an extremely dense, almost continuous reed-fringe, mainly near the waters edge, as well as in the upper infralittoral zone and is interrupted in several places only, by human activities. The greatest characteristic cover is presented by the species Paspalum paspaloides. The submerged species Vallisneria spiralis predominates in the lower infralittoral zone, forming dense stands, while Ceratophyllum demersum, Myriophyllum spicatum and Najas marina present the lower cover.

4.2 Quality and importance

In spite of human activities, the lakes conserve a significant amount of their flora and fauna, as well as natural beauty and beautiful scenery. Around them extensive reed communities are developed, which offer valuable refuge to wild fauna. Interesting is the presence of calcareous fens. Moreover, the lakes ensure the water supply and irrigation of the surrounding area are ideal for fishing and recreation, also having scientific and educational interests. Many interesting plants comprise the flora of the site. The endangered aquatic species Cladium mariscus has been found at the south side of the lake Trichonida. Some other taxa with motivation D are also significant. For example:a) Salvinia natans is listed in the WCMC Plants Database as "Endangered" and is protected by the Greek legislation (Presidential Decree 67/1981).b)Azolla filiculoides have interesting geographical distributions. Besides, all the other taxa cited in section 3.3 are of great interest, from a chorological point of view, as they have a limited or scattered distribution within Greece. The Wildcat Felis silvestris is eligible for motivation C for the additional reason of having been mentioned by the CITES Convention. The lacertid lizard Lacerta trilineata, the colubrid snakes Natrix natrix, justify motivation D since they are all protected by the Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981. Likewise, H. arborea, the skinkid lizard Ablepharus kitaibelii and the wildcat are evaluated by the CORINE-Biotopes Project (motivation D). Finally, the following taxa deserve motivation D for the following additional reasons: C. k. bibroni has a broken distribution area in Greece, thus, forming isolated populations; F. silvestris is generally rare in Greece, and lastly, E. trichonis is confined only to the Trichonida lake system. This site is also an important resting area for migratory waterfowl, whereas its value as a breeding area has so far not been verified.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA01i
MA01i
LA05.01i
LA08o
LA08i
MA09i
MA09o
MDI
MD01.02b
ME01b
LE01i
LE03b
LE03.03i
HE04i
MF01i
LF02b
LF03.01i
HG01i
LG01.01i
LG05i
MH01i
MH05.01i
MI03.01b
HJ02i
LJ02.03.02b
LJ02.06.01b
LJ02.12i
LK01.02i
LK01.03i
LK02i
LK02.03i
LUb
LXb
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MF01i
LUb

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR9213.57

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR92Perifereiakes perioches PP1, PP2, PP3, PP4, PP5, PP6, PP7 kai Perifereiaki zoni Ethnikou Parkou Mesolongiou*13.85

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Perifereiakes perioches PP1, PP2, PP3, PP4, PP5, PP6, PP7 kai Perifereiaki zoni Ethnikou Parkou Mesolongiou*13.85

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:MANAGEMENT BODY OF “LIMNOTHALASSA MESOLOGGIOU”
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY