Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

GR2310016

1.3 Site name

LIMNI AMVRAKIA

1.4 First Compilation date

2009-07

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2010-03
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/6-9-2010 (OJ 1495 B)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:21.178056
Latitude:38.752222

2.2 Area [ha]

1960.4500

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR23Dytiki Ellada

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA402Accipiter brevipes             
BA293Acrocephalus melanopogon       
BA229Alcedo atthis    20  20     
BA229Alcedo atthis       
BA054Anas acuta    10  10     
BA056Anas clypeata    39  39     
BA704Anas crecca crecca    500  500     
BA705Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos    17  17     
BA705Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos       
BA705Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos    30  30     
BA055Anas querquedula    100  100     
BA255Anthus campestris    20  20     
BA255Anthus campestris           
BA226Apus apus             
BA699Ardea cinerea cinerea    30  30     
BA699Ardea cinerea cinerea       
BA699Ardea cinerea cinerea    20  20     
BA634Ardea purpurea purpurea       
BA635Ardeola ralloides ralloides    50  50     
BA635Ardeola ralloides ralloides       
BA059Aythya ferina    50  50     
BA060Aythya nyroca       
BA688Botaurus stellaris stellaris       
BA215Bubo bubo           
BA133Burhinus oedicnemus           
BA087Buteo buteo       
BA087Buteo buteo       
BA087Buteo buteo       
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla           
BA147Calidris ferruginea           
BA145Calidris minuta           
BA146Calidris temminckii           
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus           
BA682Charadrius alexandrinus alexandrinus           
BA682Charadrius alexandrinus alexandrinus           
BA734Chlidonias hybrida    10  10     
BA198Chlidonias leucopterus    10  10     
BA197Chlidonias niger    10  10     
BA667Ciconia ciconia ciconia               
BA667Ciconia ciconia ciconia           
BA081Circus aeruginosus           
BA081Circus aeruginosus               
BA081Circus aeruginosus           
BA082Circus cyaneus           
BA084Circus pygargus           
BA113Coturnix coturnix           
BA122Crex crex           
BA738Delichon urbicum (urbica)           
BA698Egretta alba (Casmerodius albus albus)    19  19     
BA698Egretta alba (Casmerodius albus albus)    10  10     
BA697Egretta garzetta garzetta    600  600     
BA697Egretta garzetta garzetta    47  47     
BA697Egretta garzetta garzetta    53  53     
BA709Falco peregrinus brookei         
BA723Fulica atra atra    50  50     
BA723Fulica atra atra    1000  1000     
BA153Gallinago gallinago           
BA251Hirundo rustica    1500  1500     
BA251Hirundo rustica    18  18     
BA617Ixobrychus minutus minutus           
BA338Lanius collurio           
BA179Larus (Chroicocephalus) ridibundus    500  2500       
BA177Larus (Hydrocoloeus) minutus           
BA180Larus genei    20  20     
BA614Limosa limosa limosa    20  20     
BA242Melanocorypha calandra           
BA069Mergus serrator           
BA230Merops apiaster           
BA260Motacilla flava    200  200     
BA260Motacilla flava       
BA610Nycticorax nycticorax nycticorax    40  40     
BA610Nycticorax nycticorax nycticorax    16  16     
BA771Passer hispaniolensis    25  25     
BA771Passer hispaniolensis    20  20     
BA020Pelecanus crispus    50  50     
BA391Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis    38  38     
BA391Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis               
BA391Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis    500  500     
BA393Phalacrocorax pygmaeus    139  139     
BA393Phalacrocorax pygmaeus       
BA393Phalacrocorax pygmaeus    182  182     
BA393Phalacrocorax pygmaeus    35  35     
BA151Philomachus pugnax    50  50     
BA607Platalea leucorodia leucorodia    10  10     
BA700Plegadis falcinellus falcinellus    15  15     
BA691Podiceps cristatus cristatus    20  20     
BA691Podiceps cristatus cristatus    100  100     
BA692Podiceps nigricollis nigricollis       
BA692Podiceps nigricollis nigricollis    20  20     
BA132Recurvirostra avosetta           
BA732Sterna (Hydroprogne) caspia caspia       
BA193Sterna hirundo    10         
BA210Streptopelia turtur           
BA166Tringa glareola    20  20     
BA164Tringa nebularia    20  20     
BA165Tringa ochropus           
BA142Vanellus vanellus    20  20     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Anchusa undulata ssp. undulata                   
A726Charadrius dubius curonicus                   
A726Charadrius dubius curonicus                   
A726Charadrius dubius curonicus                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
Crypsis aculeata                   
Cyperus michelianus ssp. michelianus                   
A690Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis    400  400             
A690Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis    50  50             
A690Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis    100  100             
A690Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis    400  400             
A690Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis    50  50             
A690Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis    100  100             
A690Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis    400  400             
A690Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis    50  50             
A690Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis    100  100             
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N042.89
N0663.84
N081.33
N090.05
N1221.89
N162.21
N217.08
N230.72

Total Habitat Cover

100.01

Other Site Characteristics

Vitex agnus-castus dominates. Vitex agnus-castus also occurs sporadically in the area near the bridge of the national road, where the main vegetation is grassland. Within this area the soil is sandy and grassy vegetation, Vitex agnus-castus and cultivated fields with Nicotiana tabaccum occur. The absence of reed-beds in the southern part, as well as riparian trees such as Salix, Populus, Alnus and Platanus from the littoral zone is characteristic. This is due to the strong changes in the water level of the lake, which are unfavorable for the development of this vegetation. Many different taxa of algae make up the phytoplankton of Amvrakia. The algae that dominate are Chlorophyta and Bacillariophyta (Diatomae) and in some places Cyanophyta, while Euglenophyta, Chrysophyta and Pyrrhophyta occur in the phytoplankton at lower frequencies. The large number of species belonging to the Chlorophyta and Cyanophyta together with the restriction of the Chrysophyta, probably indicates slight eutrophication of the lake.

4.2 Quality and importance

During the last 10-15 years the lake has become an important breeding site for heron species (Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax and Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides), for Pygmy Cormorants (Phalacrocorax pygmaeus) and grebes (Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus and Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis). It has also become an important site for migrating Little Egrets (Egretta garzetta) and wintering Great White Egrets (Ardea alba) and Slender-billed Gulls (Larus genei). The main reason for this development was the lowering of the water levels in the northern part of the lake that allowed the formation of reedbeds and riparian stands, creating thus suitable habitats for the aforementioned birds.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01i
MA04i
LA05.01i
HA07i
LA08i
MA09i
MC03.03b
LD01.02i
LD01.05i
LE01i
LE03.01i
MF01i
LF03.01i
LJ01i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR9522.22
IN0695.84

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Petalas (Amfilochias-Kechrinias-Papadatou-Stanou)*22.22

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Petalas (Amfilochias-Kechrinias-Papadatou-Stanou)*22.22

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY