Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR2320002

1.3 Site name

OROS CHELMOS KAI YDATA STYGOS

1.4 First Compilation date

1994-12

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1997-04
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:22.225278
Latitude:37.957778

2.2 Area [ha]

17559.6200

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR23Dytiki Ellada
GR25Peloponnisos

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
4090  info      2968.74  0.00 
5210  info      964.879  0.00 
6230  info  X     4.38507  0.00 
8140  info      42.2722  0.00 
8210  info      215.106  0.00 
9260  info      41.6231  0.00 
92C0  info      218.869  0.00 
9530  info  X     3208.11  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
M1308Barbastella barbastellus           
F5094Barbus peloponnesius             
I1088Cerambyx cerdo           
P1432Globularia stygia    10000  12000   
M1355Lutra lutra             
M1316Myotis capaccinii           
M1321Myotis emarginatus           
R1217Testudo hermanni           
P1590Viola delphinantha    47  47   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Abies cephalonica                   
Acer heldreichii                   
Achillea umbellata                   
Agabus bipustulatus                   
Alchemilla aroanica                   
1258Algyroides moreoticus                   
1258Algyroides moreoticus                   
1258Algyroides moreoticus                   
1258Algyroides moreoticus                   
Amelanchier chelmea                   
Anthocharis damone                   
Arabis subflava                   
Asperula arcadiensis                   
Asperula boissieri                   
Asperula lutea                   
Asperula oetaea                   
Aurinia moreana                   
Beta nana                   
Bolanthus chelmicus                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
Campanula asperuloides                   
Campanula asperuloides                   
Campanula topaliana ssp.topaliana                   
Centaurea achaia ssp. achaia                   
Centaurea raphanina ssp. mixta                   
Cerastium candidissimum                   
Chaerophyllum heldreichii                   
Cirsium hypopsilum                   
Colias alfacariensis                   
Colias balcanica                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
1283Coronella austriaca                   
1283Coronella austriaca                   
1283Coronella austriaca                   
Corydalis blanda ssp.oxelmannii                   
Corydalis parnassica                   
Crataegus pycnoloba                   
Cricetulus migratorius                   
Cricetulus migratorius                   
Cyaniris helena                   
Dianthus biflorus                   
Dianthus tymphresteus                   
Draba lacaitae                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
Elphinstonia charlonia                   
Erodium chrysanthum                   
Erysimum pectinatum                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
Fritillaria graeca                   
Geocaryum peloponnesiacum                   
Gypsophila nana                   
6079Hellenolacerta graeca                   
6079Hellenolacerta graeca                   
Heodes alciphron                   
5669Hierophis gemonensis                   
5669Hierophis gemonensis                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
Laserpitium pseudomeum                   
Lepus europaeus                   
Lepus europaeus                   
Lonicera hellenica                   
Lysimachia serpyllifolia                   
Macrotomia densiflora                   
Martes foina                   
Martes foina                   
Meles meles                   
Meles meles                   
Minuartia confusa                   
Mustela nivalis                   
Mustela nivalis                   
Nepeta parnassica                   
Onobrychis ebenoides                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
Orobanche schultzii                   
Orobanche schultzii                   
1054Papilio alexanor                   
1054Papilio alexanor                   
1056Parnassius mnemosyne                   
1056Parnassius mnemosyne                   
Paronychia albanica ssp.graeca                   
Pieris ergane                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca                   
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca                   
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca                   
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca                   
1248Podarcis taurica                   
1248Podarcis taurica                   
1248Podarcis taurica                   
Polygala subuniflora                   
Polygala subuniflora                   
1208Rana graeca                   
1208Rana graeca                   
1208Rana graeca                   
Ranunculus subhomophyllus                   
Rhamnus sibthorpianus                   
Rindera graeca                   
2351Salamandra salamandra                   
2351Salamandra salamandra                   
Saturnia pyri                   
Seseli aroanicum                   
Sideritis clandestina ssp. clandestina                   
Silene auriculata                   
Silene congesta ssp. moreana                   
Silene conglomeratica                   
Solenanthus stamineus                   
Squalius peloponensis                   
Squalius peloponensis                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
Teucrium aroanium                   
Teucrium aroanium                   
Thamnosciadium junceum                   
Thersamonia thetis                   
Thlaspi graecum                   
Thymus hartvigii                   
Trifolium parnassii                   
Trinia frigida                   
Valeriana crinii ssp.crinii                   
Valeriana olenaea                   
Verbascum acaule                   
Verbascum epixanthinum                   
Veronica erinoides                   
Veronica thymifolia                   
Viola chelmea                   
Viola graeca                   
1053Zerynthia polyxena                   
1053Zerynthia polyxena                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N060.33
N0825.02
N090.01
N155.71
N161.54
N1751.54
N1814.37
N221.04
N230.44

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

Mt. Chelmos is located in Northern Peloponnisos and is characterized by a variety of geological substrata and soil types (conglomerates, limestones of Olonos-Pindos zone, flysh). The main elements of its "wild" landscape include: well forested slopes of the Meso- and Supra-Mediterranean vegetation zone with Abies cephalonica and Pinus nigra subsp. pallasiana forests, steep calcareous cliffs, the Mavrolimni lake (2050 m) of glacier origin (this is the only "alpine" lake of Peloponnisos) and the impressive Styx valley associated with a small, wet cave and a waterfall at its base. Erosion of limestone has mainly contributed to the formation of a strong relief with steep calcareous cliffs and screes. The closed, dense grasslands with Trifolium parnasii (Trifolion parnassi) and Alopecurus gerardi of the Mountain- and Oro-Mediterranean vegetation zones participate in the formation of a vegetation complex clearly differentiated into four major vegetation types (open stepped grasslands, calcareous cliffs, calcareous screes and dense, closed grasslands). Forests of good structure characterized by a more diverse flora are present on the eastern slopes of Mt. Chelmos compared with the northern slopes.

4.2 Quality and importance

The concentration of a high number of Greek and local endemics many of which belong to one of the IUCN RED DATA BOOK categories, in addition to a species belonging to the priority species listed on Annex II of Council Directive 92/43/EEC, contributes to the promotion of the ecological value of this landscape which is also characterized by geomorphological features of special interest and importance. From the Other Important Species of Flora listed in section 3.3, the following taxa are included with motivation D, for the reasons mentioned below. Acantholimon echinus: Interesting distribution pattern since it is disributed as concerns Greece only on limestone. Mountains of continental Greece (Peloponnisos) as well as Samos and Chios (Aegean islands) extending to W Anatolia. Aster alpinus: A variable species widespread in mountains of C and S Europe and C, SW Asia, distributed only on Mts Chelmos and Killini in Southern Greece. Euphorbia capitulata: A rare species endemic to the Balkan Peninsula (Former Yugoslavia, Albania, Bulgaria and Greece). Chelmos is the only locality in Southern Greece where this species occurs. Hammatolobium lotoides: It shows a fragmentary distribution area since it occurs on Greek Mts (Chelmos, Taygetos, Menalon, Tragovouni) and S. Turkey. Moreover to the above mentioned taxa incorporated in Motivation D, some comments must be made on the geographical distribution of the rest species which belong to the following categories: a) Balkan endemics: Poa thessala, Lilium chalcedonicum, Minuartia stellata, Acer heldreichi, Dianthus integer subsp. minutiflorus, Arenaria cretica, Arenaria conferta subsp. conferta, Tulipa orphanidea. B) Species distributed in the Balkan peninsula and Anatolia: Acanthollimon echinus subsp.echinus, Anthemis cretica subsp. cretica, Arenaria filicaulis subsp. graeca, Saponaria chlorifolia, Achillea fraasii, Galium incanum subsp. incanum. C) The remaining species present an interesting distribution range. Some of the above mentioned species are incorporated in one of the IUCN Red Data Book categories (WCMC 1993): Allium phtioticum, Aquilegia ottonis subsp. ottonis, Solenanthus stamineus). More precisely two small mammals, Dryomys nitedula wingei and Cricetulus migratorius are threatened animals included in the lists of the Greek Red Data Book as "Rare" and Endangered respectively (motivation A). All Other Important taxa, except the hamster Cricetulus migratorius, are protected by the Bern Convention and therefore marked with motivation C. The same motivation is additionally given to the wildcat Felis silvestris since it is also protected by the CITES Convention. Apart from the lizard Ablepharus kitaibelii, the snakes Typhlops vermicularis and Vipera ammodytes, the hare Lepus europaeus and the carnivores Vulpes v. hellenica, Martes foina, M. meles and Felis silvestris, all the remaining taxa of section 3.3 are included in the Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981, thus obtaining motivation D.Ablepharus kitaibelii, the snake Coronella austriaca and the wildcat Felis silvestris, the D motivation is additionally given to these taxa since they are included in the handbook of the CORINE-Biotopes Project. Moreover, the same motivation characterizes the lizard Podarcis taurica ionica, Dryomys nitedula wingei because they are Balkan endemics. Felis silvestris is eligible for motivation D since the former has a very broken distribution area in Greece, and the other two are generally very rare in Greece. The invertebrate species listed in section 3.3 with motivation C are protected by the Bern Convention. The invertebrate species listed in section 3.3 with motivation D are protected by the Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981. Anthocharis damone, Heodes alciphron, Thersamonia thetis are also included in the IUCN Red List. Pieris ergane is also included in the "Listing of biotopes in Europe according to their significance for invertebrates". Saturnia pyri is protected by the IUCN Red List and the European Red List of Globally Threatened Animals and Plants and it is included in the "Listing of biotopes in Europe according to their significance for invertebrates". Elphistonia charlonia are included in the list of "Threatened Rhopalocera (butterflies) of Europe.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01i
MA01o
HA04i
HA04o
MA08o
LA08i
MA10.01b
MBi
MB03i
MF03.01o
HF03.01i
LF03.02i
LF04i
MG05.01i
LJ01i
HJ01o
HK01.01i
ML09b
LXb
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MBi
LB02.01i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR952.85

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Lagkadas-Fteres-Vageni-Kastraki (Kastrion)*2.85
GR08Ethniko Parko Oreinon Ogkon Chelmou - Vouraikou - Periochi Prostasias tis Fysis A1 Ypsiles Koryfes Orous Chelmou*11.46
GR99Ethniko Parko Oreinon Ogkon Chelmou - Vouraikou - Zones Eidikon Rythmiseon B1, B2, B3, B4*1.86
GR99Ethniko Parko Oreinon Ogkon Chelmou - Vouraikou - Zoni C, Periochi Perivallontikou Elenchou*83.88
GR96Ethniko Parko Oreinon Ogkon Chelmou - Vouraikou*97.20

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Lagkadas-Fteres-Vageni-Kastraki (Kastrion)*2.85
Ethniko Parko Oreinon Ogkon Chelmou - Vouraikou - Periochi Prostasias tis Fysis A1 Ypsiles Koryfes Orous Chelmou*11.46
Ethniko Parko Oreinon Ogkon Chelmou - Vouraikou - Zones Eidikon Rythmiseon B1, B2, B3, B4*1.86
Ethniko Parko Oreinon Ogkon Chelmou - Vouraikou - Zoni C, Periochi Perivallontikou Elenchou*83.88
Ethniko Parko Oreinon Ogkon Chelmou - Vouraikou*97.20

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:MANAGEMENT BODY OF “CHELMOS-VOURAIKOS”
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY