Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR2320003

1.3 Site name

FARANGI VOURAIKOU

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-03

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1996-08
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:22.173333
Latitude:38.083056

2.2 Area [ha]

2200.1000

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR23Dytiki Ellada

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
5420  info      7.32369  0.00   
8210  info      83.428  0.00   
92A0  info      4.99879  0.00   
92C0  info      114.278  0.00   
92D0  info      2.49407  0.00   
9540  info      421.354  0.00   
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
F5094Barbus peloponnesius           
I1078Callimorpha quadripunctaria           
R1293Elaphe situla           
I1074Eriogaster catax           
M1355Lutra lutra             
M1310Miniopterus schreibersii                   
M1307Myotis blythii                   
M1303Rhinolophus hipposideros                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Abies cephalonica                   
Achillea umbellata ssp. monocephala                   
1258Algyroides moreoticus                   
1258Algyroides moreoticus                   
1258Algyroides moreoticus                   
1258Algyroides moreoticus                   
Allium brusalisii                   
Asperula arcadiensis                   
Aurinia moreana                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
Campanula topaliana ssp. cordifolia                   
1353Canis aureus             
1353Canis aureus             
1286Coluber najadum                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
Cricetulus migratorius                   
Cricetulus migratorius                   
Cyaniris helena                   
Dianthus mercurii                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
Hypericum vesiculosum                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
Martes foina                   
Martes foina                   
Mustela nivalis                   
Mustela nivalis                   
Onobrychis ebenoides                   
1054Papilio alexanor                   
1054Papilio alexanor                   
1056Parnassius mnemosyne                   
1056Parnassius mnemosyne                   
Peucedanum achaicum                   
Pieris ergane                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
1326Plecotus auritus                   
1326Plecotus auritus                   
1326Plecotus auritus                   
5011Plecotus kolombatovici                   
5011Plecotus kolombatovici                   
5011Plecotus kolombatovici                   
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca                   
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca                   
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca                   
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca                   
1209Rana dalmatina                   
1209Rana dalmatina                   
1209Rana dalmatina                   
1208Rana graeca                   
1208Rana graeca                   
1208Rana graeca                   
5363Rana kurtmuelleri                   
5363Rana kurtmuelleri                   
Silene congesta ssp. moreana                   
Silene conglomeratica                   
Squalius peloponensis                   
Squalius peloponensis                   
Stachys parolinii                   
1053Zerynthia polyxena                   
1053Zerynthia polyxena                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0849.35
N1511.28
N161.46
N1734.52
N180.01
N223.10
N230.28

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

Vouraikos gorge is situated in the northern part of Peloponnisos. It is positioned between Mt. Aroania (Chelmos) and the eastern parts of Mt. Panachaiko. The Vouraikos river, which has shaped this steep-sided, deep gorge flows from the mountains of Kalavryta. The gorge begins about 3 km south of the village of Kato Zachlorou and runs parallel to the river, which enters the sea close to the coastal city of Diakofto. A railway leading from Diakofto to Kalavryta runs through the gorge. Many streams enter the river, along its course, the main one being Avrigiolaka, which flows from the village of Mamousia. The gorge is very narrow in several places, while in others it is wider.

4.2 Quality and importance

Vouraikos gorge is of great ecological interest because of the large variation of the flora and fauna found here. Its major importance lies in the presence of many endemic plants the most important of these being: 1) Peucentanum achaicum, which is a local endemic classified as "Rare" in the WCMC Plants Database and in the European Red List of Globally Threatened Animals and Plants (UNEP, 1991). This plant is also protected by Greek legislation (Presidential Decree 67/1981); 2) Aurinia moreana, which grows on mountains of N. Peloponnisos; 4) Silene congesta subsp. moreana and Campanula topaliana subsp. Cordifolia, both Peloponnesian endemics; 5) Asperula arcadiensis with scattered populations in the Vouraikos gorge and a limited distribution area in northern Peloponnisos and Sterea Ellada, and 6) the Greek endemics Stachys parolinii classified as "Rare" in the WCMC Plants Database. This latter taxon is also protected by Greek legislation (Presidential Decree 67/1981). Vouraikos gorge apart from its great ecological interest, is an area of special natural beauty due to its interesting geological formations (vertical cliffs, caves, etc.) and its rapid river, as well as its dense vegetation comprising mainly of Pinus halepensis, Abies cephalonica, Platanus orientalis and Quercus ilex forests. Besides these taxa, several others have been characterized as Other Important Species on the basis of the motivation system of sections 3.3. Among them, the Brown Long-eared Bat Plecotus auritus and the Grey Hamster Cricetulus migratorius are "Endangered". Algyroides moreoticus and Podarcis peloponnesiaca are endemic to Peloponnisos (the first two lizards are also found on the islands of Ithaki, Kefalonia and Zakynthos in the Ionian Sea) (motivation B).All of the other important species with the exception of Cricetulus migratorius, are protected by the Bern Convention, and therefore justify motivation C. Moreover, the Wildcat Felis silvestris has been included in the CITES Convention (motivation C). With the exception of Martes foina, Felis silvestris the remaining taxa have been included in the Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981 and, therefore, receive motivation D. Moreover, the following taxa have been evaluated by the CORINE-Biotopes Project and so are eligible for motivation D: the toad Bufo viridis, Rana dalmatina, the bat Plecotus auritus and the Wildcat Felis silvestris. Also, the bat Plecotus auritus receives motivation D for the additional reason of being mentioned by the UNEP list. The Balkan endemic taxa, i.e. Two taxa are also marked with motivation D for the following reasons: for C. migratorius this site lies at the western limit of its distribution area; the Wildcat Felis silvestris is generally rare to very rare in Greece. The gorge of Vouraikos is an EC Important Bird Area. The invertebrate species listed in sections 3.3 with motivation D are protected by the Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA01i
LA04i
LA08i
MA10.01b
LD01.01i
MD01.04i
LD01.05i
LD01.06i
LE06i
LF03.01i
HG01.02i
LG01.04i
LJ01i
HJ03.01.01I
LK01.01i
ML09b
LXb
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LD01.01i
LD01.05i
HG01.02i
LG01.04i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR213.55
GR9530.20

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Krastoni-Sokara*4.86
GR95Agios Nikolaos-Gourna (Diakoftou-Mamousias-Trapezas)*25.34
GR08Ethniko Parko Oreinon Ogkon Chelmou - Vouraikou - Periochi Prostasias tis Fysis A3 Farangiou Vouraikou*88.24
GR99Ethniko Parko Oreinon Ogkon Chelmou - Vouraikou - Zoni C, Periochi Perivallontikou Elenchou*11.76
GR96Ethniko Parko Oreinon Ogkon Chelmou - Vouraikou*100.00
GR21Souvardo Kalavryton*3.55

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Krastoni-Sokara*4.86
Agios Nikolaos-Gourna (Diakoftou-Mamousias-Trapezas)*25.34
Ethniko Parko Oreinon Ogkon Chelmou - Vouraikou - Periochi Prostasias tis Fysis A3 Farangiou Vouraikou*88.24
Ethniko Parko Oreinon Ogkon Chelmou - Vouraikou - Zoni C, Periochi Perivallontikou Elenchou*11.76
Ethniko Parko Oreinon Ogkon Chelmou - Vouraikou*100.00
Souvardo Kalavryton*3.55

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:MANAGEMENT BODY OF “CHELMOS-VOURAIKOS”
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY