Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR2320005

1.3 Site name

ORI BARMPAS KAI KLOKOS, FARANGI SELINOUNTA

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-04

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1996-08
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:22.015833
Latitude:38.143333

2.2 Area [ha]

6116.6000

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR23Dytiki Ellada

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
3280  info      107.042  0.00 
3290  info      0.00         
4090  info      646.036  0.00 
5210  info      51.7466  0.00 
8140  info      2.24357  0.00 
8210  info      25.0991  0.00 
92A0  info      0.914897  0.00 
92C0  info      53.702  0.00 
9540  info      1144.22  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
F5094Barbus peloponnesius           
R1279Elaphe quatuorlineata           
R1293Elaphe situla           
R1220Emys orbicularis           
M1355Lutra lutra           
R1217Testudo hermanni           
R1218Testudo marginata           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Abies cephalonica                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1258Algyroides moreoticus                   
1258Algyroides moreoticus                   
1258Algyroides moreoticus                   
1258Algyroides moreoticus                   
Asperula arcadiensis                   
Aurinia moreana                   
Campanula topaliana ssp. cordifolia                   
1353Canis aureus                   
1353Canis aureus                     
1286Coluber najadum                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                   
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                   
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
Fritillaria graeca                   
5669Hierophis gemonensis                   
5669Hierophis gemonensis                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
Natrix natrix                   
Natrix natrix                   
1331Nyctalus leisleri                   
1331Nyctalus leisleri                   
1331Nyctalus leisleri                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
5363Pelophylax kurtmuelleri                   
5363Pelophylax kurtmuelleri                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca                   
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca                   
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca                   
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca                   
1209Rana dalmatina                   
1209Rana dalmatina                   
1209Rana dalmatina                   
1208Rana graeca                   
1208Rana graeca                   
1208Rana graeca                   
2351Salamandra salamandra                   
2351Salamandra salamandra                   
2353Triturus alpestris                   
2353Triturus alpestris                   
Typhlops vermicularis                   
Typhlops vermicularis                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N062.13
N0818.61
N0911.06
N159.61
N160.02
N1737.09
N1819.30
N221.78
N230.40

Total Habitat Cover

100.00000000000001

Other Site Characteristics

The site is located in the northern part of Peloponnisos, south of the town of Aigio. It includes the mountains of Marmpas (Barmpas or Chionistra) and Klokos, the steep slopes of the gorge of the Selinountas river which flows between them, as well as the riverside ecosystem. Mt. Marmpas has an altitude of 1615 m and is the south-eastern section of Mt. Panachaiko. It is characterized by a variety of geological substrates such as alpine sediments, limestone, argilic shistolith and flysh, as well as deposits of argilic elements, conglomerates, pebbles, etc. The vegetation at its lower altitudes is influenced by human activities (mainly olive groves). On the eastern slope of the mountain, Pinus halepensis forest and maquis extend up to an altitude of about 800-900 m. In the higher altitudes of this side, a few scattered Abies cephalonica trees grow, while the upper part of the mountain is characterized by bare limestone rocks. Steep slopes occur at the lower eastern part of the mountain by the sides of the Selinountas river (Selinountas gorge). The largest area of the northern, western and southern part of the mountain, included in the site is covered by dense Abies cephalonica forest, except on the bare limestone rocks of the peak. Around the village of Ano Mazaraki agricultural land exists. Mt. Klokos (or Fteri) is a small isolated mountain with a maximum altitude of 1779 m and several other peaks such as Vromovrysi (1119 m), Louros (1112 m), Paliopyrgos (1363 m), Pelenikos (1405 m) and Polyrizo (1275 m). It is characterized by the same geological susbstrates as Mt. Marmpas. On its lower northern part, agricultural land exists covered mainly by olive trees. North of the monastery of Agioi Taxiarches (Moni Pammegiston Taxiarchon) an extensive Pinus halepensis forest grows covering the majority of the northern and western part of the mountain up to an altitude of 800-900 m. Close to this monastery at the place of Agios Leontios old monastery, vertical conglomerate cliffs exist with many caves where many important birds find refuge. On these cliffs we find small populations of the endemic plant species Asperula arcadiensis, Campanula topaliana subsp. cordifolia accompanied by Onosma frutescens, Aurinia saxatilis, Aethionema saxatilis etc. The shrub layer, which grows under the pine trees is largely composed of maquis comprising chracteristic species such as Quercus coccifera, Pistacia lentiscus, Phillyrea media, Arbutus unedo, A. adrachne, Laurus nobilis, Cercis siliquastrum and Crataegus monogyna as well as scattered trees of Ostrya carpinifolia and Acer sp. In places where the shruby vegetation is sparse, phrygana comprising Cistus creticus, C. salviifolius, Satureja graeca, Ballota acetabulosa, Hypericum empetrifolium etc. is present. The appearance of solitary Abies cephalonica trees among the maquis and the Pine forest begins from about 750 m altitude. In the higher altitudes, Abies cephalonica forest extents up to about 1400 m. Many dried trees are observed in this area. The Abies cephalonica forest is more common in the eastern part of Klokos, above the villages of Pyrgaki and Fteri, as well as near the village of Ano Mavriki on the southern side of the mountain. In the habitat class N17 (Coniferous woodland) Abies cephalonica forest cover has been taken into consideration. The higher part of this side is characterized by open grasslands, which are overgrazed. In these grasslands, Asphodeline lutea predominates. On the bare limestone rocks of the peak, typical species of rocky habitas such as Aubrieta deltoidea s.l., Geranium subcaulescens and the Peloponnesian endemic Aurinia moreana exist. Selinountas river, which flows from the area of the village of Vlassia has cut a steep, deep gorge between Mts. Marmpas and Klokos. The main rocky susbtrate of the gorge is conglomerate. This gorge is of large importance for the wild flora and fauna. At the bottom of the gorge by the riverside there are stands of Platanus orientalis mixed with Salix alba, S. eleagnus and S. fragilis.This riparian vegetation follows the riverbed almost along its entire length.

4.2 Quality and importance

Although there has not been a complete floristic survey of the studied area, some Greek endemic species have been recorded. Among these plants the most important are: 1) Aurinia moreana which grows on mountains of N Peloponnisos, 2) Asperula arcadiensis which has a limited distribution area in Northern Peloponnisos and Sterea Ellada. We had no previous records of this species for the area and we found it on conglomerate rocks close to the old monastery of Agios Leontios (above the Agioi Taxiarches monastery).The zoological interest of this site is focused on some non-bird vertebrate taxa listed in Annex II of the Directive 92/43/EEC and on some Other Important Species (see sections 3.2, 3.3). Podarcis peloponnesiaca is endemic to Greece (all confined to Peloponnisos, the former also present in some of the Ionion Islands).Some taxa have also been included in the Bern Convention and thus receive motivation C. Also, some taxa (with the exceptions of Vipera ammodytes) are protected by the Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981 and become eligible for motivation D. The newt Triturus alpestris, is eligible for motivation D because of its broken distribution in Greece, especially in northern Peloponnisos, which seems to be the southernmost end of the distribution range of this taxon in Europe.This site is an EC Important Bird Area since it maintains a considerable avifauna including rare and threatened birds of prey.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA01i
LA04i
LA08i
MA10.01b
LD01.02i
LD01.05i
LD05i
LF03.01i
LG01.02i
LG01.04i
LJ01i
HJ03.01.01I
LK01.01i
LK04.03i
ML09b
LUb
LXb
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LB02.04i
LD01.05i
LG01.02i
LG01.04i
LUb

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR00100.00

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY