Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR2320007

1.3 Site name

OROS PANACHAIKO – SYRAGKES PANAGOPOULAS

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-02

1.5 Update date

2016-12
Date site proposed as SCI:1997-04
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:21.877706
Latitude:41.115092

2.2 Area [ha]

12722.2200

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR23Dytiki Ellada

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
4090  info      4189.02  0.00 
5210  info      1909.72  0.00 
5420  info      8.15799  0.00 
6230  info  X     32.4462  0.00 
8140  info      122.639  0.00 
8210  info      13.4389  0.00 
92C0  info      60.5921  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
F5094Barbus peloponnesius           
I1078Callimorpha quadripunctaria           
I1088Cerambyx cerdo           
R1279Elaphe quatuorlineata           
R1293Elaphe situla           
R1220Emys orbicularis           
I1083Lucanus cervus           
M1310Miniopterus schreibersii      400  500     
I1089Morimus funereus           
M1307Myotis blythii      2500  3000     
M1321Myotis emarginatus                 
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum      50     
M1303Rhinolophus hipposideros      50     
R1217Testudo hermanni           
R1218Testudo marginata           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Abies cephalonica                   
Achillea umbellata                   
Anthemis brachmannii                   
Anthemis cretica ssp. cretica                   
Arabis subflava                   
Astragalus sempervirens ssp. cephalonicus                   
Aurinia moreana                   
2361Bufo bufo                   
2361Bufo bufo                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1353Canis aureus      Family group           
1353Canis aureus      Family group             
Centaurea raphanina ssp. mixta                   
Cerastium candidissimum                   
Cirsium hypopsilum                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
Crocus boryi                   
Crocus hadriaticus                   
Dianthus androsaceus                   
Dianthus biflorus                   
Dianthus tymphresteus                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
Eptesicus serotinus    600  700  adults             
Eptesicus serotinus    600  700  adults             
Eptesicus serotinus    600  700  adults             
Erysimum cephalonicum                   
Erysimum pectinatum                   
Erysimum pusillum                   
Festuca jeanpertii ssp. achaica                   
Fritillaria graeca                   
Galium peloponnesiacum                   
Geocaryum peloponnesiacum                   
5669Hierophis gemonensis                   
5669Hierophis gemonensis                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1341Muscardinus avellanarius                   
1341Muscardinus avellanarius                   
1341Muscardinus avellanarius                   
Myotis nattereri    290  300  adults             
Myotis nattereri    290  300  adults             
Myotis nattereri    290  300  adults             
Natrix natrix                   
Natrix natrix                   
1331Nyctalus leisleri                   
1331Nyctalus leisleri                   
1331Nyctalus leisleri                   
Onobrychis ebenoides                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca                   
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca                   
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca                   
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca                   
1209Rana dalmatina                   
1209Rana dalmatina                   
1209Rana dalmatina                   
1208Rana graeca                   
1208Rana graeca                   
1208Rana graeca                   
2351Salamandra salamandra                   
2351Salamandra salamandra                   
Scorzonera crocifolia                   
Teucrium aroanium                   
Teucrium aroanium                   
Thlaspi graecum                   
Trinia frigida                   
2353Triturus alpestris                   
2353Triturus alpestris                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0853.30
N090.23
N156.91
N160.01
N1722.01
N1815.53
N222.00
N230.01

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

Mountain Panachaiko is located in the north-western part of Peloponnisos, east of the city of Patras. It is characterized by a multifarious relief, with several peaks, the highest of which is Voidias with an altitude of 1926 m. This mountain is north-south oriented and consists of a representative part of the Olonos-Pindos geotectonic zone. For this reason, the mass of Mt. Panachaiko is characterized by a variety of geological substrates and soil types such as alpine sediments of large width, limestone, argilic schistolith and flysh, which are strongly depressed. Even more depositions of the Pliocene-Quaternary age constisting mainly of argilic elements, conglomerates, pebbles, etc., characterize the area. So, in the upper part of the mountain we can distinguish the following petrological formations: 1) Limestones which include pyritiolithes or limestones without them, 2) Limestone with layers of ceratolithe and argillic schistoliths, and 3) Layers of flysh. These formations are interrupted by many gorges and gullies with flowing streams. The vegetation of several places in the lower altitudes is influenced by human activities (agricultural fields and pastures). The presence of maquis at the roasides and the borders of the fields shows the predominance of this type of vegetation in this area during previous years. At the places where the shruby vegetation is sparser, phrygana with species Phlomis fruticosa, Coridothymus capitatus, Cistus salviifolius, Micromeria juliana, Sarcopoterium spinosum, etc. grows, while in the reclaimed areas, phrygana occur with the dominant species being Phlomis fruticosa. On a large part of the western side of the mountain maquis occur at altitudes of up to 800 m. The dominating species is Quercus coccifera in some places forming unmixed arborescent clusters. Between these shrubs, climbing plants (Clematis flammula, Smilax aspera, Asparagus acutifolius) are developed. At several places near the streams the species Platanus orientalis forms clusters, which follows their beds. The coniferous forests with the endemic species Abies cephalonica mainly grow on the larger part of lower eastern area of the site, above the villages of Pititsa, Ano Salmeniko and Vounopyrgos, as well as on the lower southern part, above the villages of Moira, Veteika and Kounaveika. Smaller areas sparsely covered by Abies cephalonica also occur on the western slopes above the villages Souli, Pournarokastro and Ano Kastritsi. The appearance of isolated solitary trees of Abies cephalonica among the maquis begins from the 750-800 m altitude. The typical Abies forest begins at a higher altitude and extends almost up to 1400 m in several places. For the estimation of the percentage cover of the N17 habitat class (coniferous woodland) the Abies cephalonica forests have been taken into consideration. In some openings of the forest, shrubs of Pistacia lentiscus, Juniperus oxycedrus, Phillyrea media, Quercus coccifera etc., as well as phrygana can be found, while grassy plants such as Crocus sieberi, Ranunculus ficaria, Anemone blanda, Cyclamen neapolitanum, Tussilago farfara etc. are present among them. The Abies cephalonica forest is characterized by good structure mainly at the south-eastern part of the site above the village of Krini and westwards of the peak of Barbas, where it is noteably dense while in the other places it is more sparse. The degradation of Abies forest is a consequence of intense erosion and grazing. Above the forest zone, spiny vegetation (Astragalus angustifolius, A. depressus etc.) dominates. In these zones erosion of limestone has mainly contributed to the formation of a strong relief with steep calcareous cliffs and screes. Dense grasslands of the Mountain- and Oro-Mediterranean vegetation zones participate in the formation of a vegetation complex clearly differentiated into four major vegetation types: open stepped grasslands, calcareous cliffs, calcareous screes and dense closed grasslands. The degraded vegetation accompanied by bare ground describes the main appearance of the landscape in the higher part of the mountain. This bare ground shelters a great amount of the endemic flora of Mt. Panachaiko and is floristically the most important area of this mountain.

4.2 Quality and importance

From a floristic point of view, the major importance of Mt. Panachaiko lies in the presence of many endemic plants. Although there has not been a complete floristic survey from this mountain, many endemic taxa have been recorded as occurring there. Some of these are Peloponnesian endemics (Aurinia moreana, Onosma erectum subsp. malickyi and Thlaspi graecum). Many of them also have a limited distribution in Peloponnisos and Stera Ellas, or Peloponnisos, Sterea Ellada and the Ionian Islands. Of the Greek endemic plants existing on Mt. Panachaiko, the most important species are Arabis subflava and Teucrium aroanicum, which are classified in the WCMC Plants Database as "Rare", and Aurinia moreana, which exists in few scattered populations or isolated plants limited on the mountains of North Peloponnisos (Erymanthos, Panachaiko, Klokos and Killini), as well as at the Vouraikos gorge. The species Anthemis brachmanii and Arabis subflava are protected by the Presidential Decree 67/1981. As concerns the species listed in section 3.3 with motivation D, the following reasons must be pointed out: Plants with motivation D are Balkan endemics (Erysimum cephalonicum). Of these species Centaurea spruneri is classified in the WCMC Plants Database as "Rare". The species Anthemis cretica subsp. cretica, presents phytogeographical interest as it has a limited distribution in the Balkan peninsula and Anatolia. This taxon has a principal distribution area extending from the Crimean peninsula through to Southwestern Ukraine, up to the Northeastern part of Romania. Apart from this area, the taxon occurs in two small populations on Mt. Panachaiko. It is endangered in Greece and grows in an area grazed by sheep and goats (Phitos & Kamari 1990). This plant is included in the Bern Convention,as well as in the WCMC Plants Database as "Endangered". The major phytogeographical importance of Mt. Panachaiko is due to its position; it acts as a bridge between Peloponnisos and Sterea Ellada. The occurrence of many important habitats, such as steep calcareous cliffs and screes, stepped garland, grasslands forest of the endemic Abies cephalonica etc., is characteristic of this mountain. All evaluated amphibians and reptiles of the site are also protected by the Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981. The taxa mentioned in this document are indicated by having motivation D. However, the same motivation has been given to some taxa for the following exclusive or additional reasons: a) the amphibians Bufo viridis, Hyla arborea and Rana dalmatina and the bat Pipisrellus kuhli have been recorded by the CORINE-Biotopes Project; The invertebrate species listed in section 3.3 with motivation D are protected by the Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981. Tunnels Panagopoula: These are two drainage tunnels in Panagopoula region where the presence of 6 total bat species (Myotis blythii, Myotis myotis, Myotis nattereri, Miniopterus schreibersii, Rhinolophus ferrumequinum, Eptesicus serotinus) has been recorded. In one tunnel, the species M. blythii and M. schreibersii form mixed parental colony of about 1500-3000 individuals (the majority of the species M. blythii). In the second tunnel, parent colonies of E. serotinus species and M. nattereri are considered unique throughout Europe, asno larger populations have ever been observed to date (up to almost 1000 ind. in total from both species) concentrated in one place ( C. Dietz, personal communication). Finally, both tunnels are used by all kinds during the whole year except winter, and there is exchange of individuals between the colonies.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01o
LA01i
HA04i
LA04.02i
LA08i
MA10.01b
LB03i
HC03.03i
LD01.01i
LD01.02i
HD02.02i
LE04i
MF03.01i
LG01.04i
MG05.04i
MG05.08i
LJ01i
HJ03.01.01b
MK01.01i
ML09b
LUb
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01o
LG01.04i
MK01.01i
LUb

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR1215.55
GR9513.15

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Ano Kastritsi-Souli*13.15
GR12Dasos cheimarron Selemnou kai Charadrou*15.55

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Ano Kastritsi-Souli*13.15
Dasos cheimarron Selemnou kai Charadrou*15.55

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY