Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR2320008

1.3 Site name

OROS ERYMANTHOS

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-01

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1997-04
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:21.870833
Latitude:37.968333

2.2 Area [ha]

19338.2400

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR23Dytiki Ellada
GR23Dytiki Ellada

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
3290  info      0.00         
4090  info      5956.11  0.00 
5210  info      488.046  0.00 
5420  info      31.2428  0.00 
6230  info  X     15.406  0.00 
8140  info      5.08616  0.00 
8210  info      191.142  0.00 
91M0  info      234.892  0.00 
9260  info      105.822  0.00 
92C0  info      101.585  0.00 
9310  info      0.00         
9530  info  X     9.74892  0.00 
9560  info  X     174.727  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
M1308Barbastella barbastellus               
R1279Elaphe quatuorlineata           
M1355Lutra lutra           
M1310Miniopterus schreibersii               
M1321Myotis emarginatus               
M1306Rhinolophus blasii               
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum    150  500       
R1218Testudo marginata           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Abies cephalonica                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
Acantholimon echinus ssp. echinus                   
Acer heldreichii                   
Achillea umbellata                   
1258Algyroides moreoticus                   
1258Algyroides moreoticus                   
1258Algyroides moreoticus                   
1258Algyroides moreoticus                   
Anthemis cretica ssp. cretica                   
Arabis bryoides                   
Asperula aristata ssp. thessala                   
Asperula aristata ssp. thessala                   
Aurinia moreana                   
2361Bufo bufo                   
2361Bufo bufo                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
Campanula radicosa                   
1353Canis aureus      Family group           
1353Canis aureus      Family group           
Centaurea raphanina ssp. mixta                   
Cerastium candidissimum                   
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                   
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                   
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                   
Dianthus biflorus                   
Dianthus integer ssp. minutiflorus                   
Dianthus tymphresteus                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
Edraianthus parnassicus                   
Erysimum cephalonicum                   
Erysimum pectinatum                   
Festuca jeanpertii ssp. achaica                   
Fritillaria graeca                   
Geocaryum peloponnesiacum                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
5669Hierophis gemonensis                   
5669Hierophis gemonensis                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
Lilium chalcedonicum                   
Minuartia confusa                   
Minuartia stellata                   
Minuartia verna                   
1341Muscardinus avellanarius                   
1341Muscardinus avellanarius                   
1341Muscardinus avellanarius                   
5004Myotis aurascens                   
5004Myotis aurascens                   
5004Myotis aurascens                   
Natrix natrix                   
Natrix natrix                   
1331Nyctalus leisleri                   
1331Nyctalus leisleri                   
1331Nyctalus leisleri                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
5363Pelophylax kurtmuelleri                   
5363Pelophylax kurtmuelleri                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
Poa thessala                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca                   
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca                   
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca                   
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca                   
1209Rana dalmatina                   
1209Rana dalmatina                   
1209Rana dalmatina                   
1208Rana graeca                   
1208Rana graeca                   
1208Rana graeca                   
Rhamnus sibthorpianus                   
2351Salamandra salamandra                   
2351Salamandra salamandra                   
Saxifraga sibthorpii                   
Sideritis clandestina ssp. cyllenea                   
Silene auriculata                   
Silene radicosa ssp. radicosa                   
Thlaspi graecum                   
Trifolium parnassii                   
2353Triturus alpestris                   
2353Triturus alpestris                   
Typhlops vermicularis                   
Typhlops vermicularis                   
Valeriana olenaea                   
Verbascum epixanthinum                   
Veronica thymifolia                   
Viola chelmea                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N060.01
N0845.17
N090.32
N153.91
N163.70
N1730.76
N1815.11
N220.57
N230.45

Total Habitat Cover

100.00000000000001

Other Site Characteristics

The mountain range of Erymanthos is the highest one of an extended mountainous area in NW Peloponnisos, consisting of several peaks and characterized by a multifarious relief with many springs, valleys, plateaus and gorges. From the springs of the Olonos summit, two small rivers are formed crossing the two biggest gorges of Mt. Erymanthos. These gorges are very impressive from an aesthetic point of view, as the landscape presents several spectacular waterfalls. The Erymanthos mountain range belongs to the Olonos-Pindos geotectonic zone and the geological substratum is composed of plate limestones with layers of ceratolith and flysch. The contact of the calcareous rocks with the waterproof schists is the main reason for the existence of many springs occuring at altitudes higher than 1500m. The conifer forests with Abies cephalonica occuring on the largest part of the northern slopes of Mt. Erymanthos are characterized by good structure and dense stands up to 1800-1900m, whilst on the western slopes extended calcareous cliffs are present. The southern slopes are covered by Abies cephalonica and Juniperus foetidissima stands up to lower altitudes (1600-1700m) and, as a consequence of intense erosion and grazing, the degradation stages of vegetation accompanied by bare rocky ground give the main appearance of the landscape.

4.2 Quality and importance

The importance of the mountain range of Erymanthos lies in the presence of many endemic plants. Although less than those on the other high mountains of Peloponnisos, well conserved coniferous forests with Abies cephalonica and Juniperus foetidissima at the mountainous altitudinal levels, as well as well preserved habitats of the Mountain- and Oro-Mediterranean zones (1600-2221m) are present, along with open stepped garland grasslands, dense, closed chionophilous grasslands, calcareous cliffs and screes. The occurrence of some Peloponnesian endemics on Mt. Erymanthos must be pointed out. Due to the fact that no species is known to be singly endemic to Mt. Erymanthos, we have to mention the lack of complete floristic and vegetation research from all Erymanthos. A great percentage of the endemic and non-endemic taxa of Erymanthos is classified as one of the main IUCN Red Data Book categories (Rare, Vulnerable, Endangered). As concerns the species listed in section 3.3 with motivation D, the following reasons must be referred: Allium phtioticum: a Balkan species distributed in Greece (Peloponnisos, Sterea Ellada, Pindos, North Central) and Albania (Mt. Olonan). In Peloponnisos, this species has limited occurences on Mts. Erymanthos and Chelmos. Moreover to the above mentioned taxa incorporated in Motivation D, some comments must be made on the geographical distribution of the rest species which belong to the following categories: a) Balkan endemics: Poa thessala, Lilium chalcedonicum, Minuartia stellata, Acer heldreichi, Dianthus integer subsp. Minutiflorus, Silene radicosa subsp.radicosa, Allium phtioticum, Arabis bryoides. B) Species distributed in the Balkan peninsula and Anatolia: Anthemis cretica subsp. Cretica, c) The remaining species present an interesting distribution range. Some of the above mentioned species are incorporated in one of the IUCN Red Data Book categories (WCMC 1993) : Allium phtioticum The jackal Canis aureus is a threatened mammal with the status "Vulnerable" according to the Greek Red Data Book. The significance of the fauna of this mountain is also indicated by the sympatric occurrence of three Greek endemic lizard taxa (Algyroides moreoticus, Podarcis peloponnesiaca). With the exceptions of the jackal all other vertebrate taxa of section 3.3 are protected by the Bern Convention and therefore have the C motivation. Some taxa of this sections are given the D motivation because they are listed in the Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981. Moreover, the toad Bufo viridis has been evaluated by the CORINE-Biotopes Project thus receiving the same motivation for this reason. Some other taxa are also given motivation D for additional reasons. Namely, the Alpine Newt, Triturus alpestris, is very rare in northern Peloponnisos where few isolated small populations have been found; the gecko lizard C. k. bibroni has a very broken distribution area in GreeceThe invertebrate species listed in section 3.3 with motivation D are protected by the Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA01o
MA01i
MA04o
HA04i
MA10.01b
MD01.01i
ME01o
MF03.01i
HF03.02.03b
MI01i
LJ01i
HK01.01i
ML09b
LUb
LXb
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
ME01o
LUb

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR953.75

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Doxaras-Koriza (Karlentziou-Drosias-Spartias)*3.75
GR99Ethniko Parko Oreinon Ogkon Chelmou - Vouraikou - Zoni C, Periochi Perivallontikou Elenchou*1.65
GR96Ethniko Parko Oreinon Ogkon Chelmou - Vouraikou*1.65

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Doxaras-Koriza (Karlentziou-Drosias-Spartias)*3.75
Ethniko Parko Oreinon Ogkon Chelmou - Vouraikou - Zoni C, Periochi Perivallontikou Elenchou*1.65
Ethniko Parko Oreinon Ogkon Chelmou - Vouraikou*1.65

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:1. FOREST DIRECTORATE OF ACHAIAS, 2. FOREST DIRECTORATE OF ILIAS
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY