Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR2320009

1.3 Site name

SPILAIO KASTRION

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-02

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1996-08
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:22.141667
Latitude:37.949722

2.2 Area [ha]

313.6300

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR23Dytiki Ellada

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
8210  info      0.420109  0.00   
92C0  info      11.6461  0.00   
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
F5094Barbus peloponnesius             
M1310Miniopterus schreibersii    700  800   
M1307Myotis blythii           
M1316Myotis capaccinii           
M1321Myotis emarginatus           
M1324Myotis myotis           
M1306Rhinolophus blasii           
M1305Rhinolophus euryale           
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum           
M1303Rhinolophus hipposideros           
R1218Testudo marginata           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Abies cephalonica                   
Agabus bipustulatus                   
1258Algyroides moreoticus                   
1258Algyroides moreoticus                   
1258Algyroides moreoticus                   
1258Algyroides moreoticus                   
Centaurea raphanina ssp. mixta                   
Cerastium candidissimum                   
6079Hellenolacerta graeca                   
6079Hellenolacerta graeca                   
5669Hierophis gemonensis                   
5669Hierophis gemonensis                   
1331Nyctalus leisleri                   
1331Nyctalus leisleri                   
1331Nyctalus leisleri                   
Onobrychis ebenoides                   
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca                   
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca                   
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca                   
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca                   
1208Rana graeca                   
1208Rana graeca                   
1208Rana graeca                   
Scorzonera crocifolia                   
Silene congesta ssp. moreana                   
Squalius peloponensis                   
Squalius peloponensis                   
Thlaspi graecum                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0853.00
N1019.00
N145.00
N1515.00
N163.00
N172.00
N223.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

From a geological point of view, the area is mainly characterized by limestone. Flysch and alluvial formations also occur but to a lesser extent. The area is more or less even with small inclinations surrounded by the abrupt hill formations of Mt. Aroania.Formations of evergreen broad-leaved species cover the majority of the area, with the dominant species being Quercus coccifera and Juniperus oxycedrus and phrygana communities with species such as Sarcopoterium spinosum and Phlomis fruticosa. These are degraded communities due to human activities observed in the area. Abandoned fields are noticable and here the phrygana and macchia vegetation gradually develop in a process of natural succession.

4.2 Quality and importance

The evergreen sclerophylous vegetation of the area in combination with the occurrence of the Castria cave, make the area of a significant ecological, ecotourist and educational importance. Therefore, the protection and conservation of Abies cephalonica forest as a main element of this site is required.Although the site's fauna is moderately diverse, its importance is appreciated.The stream frog Rana graeca, and the lizard taxa listed in the section 3.3 are evaluated as Other Important Species. The lacertid lizard Podarcis peloponnesiaca is a Greek taxon endemic to Peloponnisos. All these taxa receive C and D motivations since they have been protected by the Bern Convention and the Greek Presidential Decree, respectively.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA01o
LA01i
LA04o
LA04i
LA05.01i
LA05.01o
LA08i
LA08o
MF03.01o
LG01.04o
LG01.04i
LG01.06o
LG05o
LG05i
MK01.01o
MK01.01i
LK01.02o
LL04o
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR00100.00

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR96Ethniko Parko Oreinon Ogkon Chelmou - Vouraikou*100.00
GR99Ethniko Parko Oreinon Ogkon Chelmou - Vouraikou - Zones Eidikon Rythmiseon B1, B2, B3, B4*0.18
GR99Ethniko Parko Oreinon Ogkon Chelmou - Vouraikou - Zoni C, Periochi Perivallontikou Elenchou*99.82

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Ethniko Parko Oreinon Ogkon Chelmou - Vouraikou*100.00
Ethniko Parko Oreinon Ogkon Chelmou - Vouraikou - Zones Eidikon Rythmiseon B1, B2, B3, B4*0.18
Ethniko Parko Oreinon Ogkon Chelmou - Vouraikou - Zoni C, Periochi Perivallontikou Elenchou*99.82

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:1. FOREST DIRECTORATE OF ACHAIAS, 2. MANAGEMENT BODY OF “CHELMOS-VOURAIKOS”
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY