Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

GR2320012

1.3 Site name

OROS ERYMANTHOS

1.4 First Compilation date

2009-10

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2010-03
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/6-9-2010 (OJ 1495 B)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:21.843889
Latitude:37.945556

2.2 Area [ha]

39020.9400

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR23Dytiki Ellada
GR23Dytiki Ellada

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA402Accipiter brevipes           
BA229Alcedo atthis           
BA465Alectoris graeca graeca    100  150     
BA255Anthus campestris           
BA255Anthus campestris    50       
BA228Apus (Tachymarptis) melba           
BA228Apus (Tachymarptis) melba           
BA226Apus apus           
BA226Apus apus           
BA091Aquila chrysaetos       
BA215Bubo bubo       
BA087Buteo buteo           
BA087Buteo buteo           
BA087Buteo buteo           
BA087Buteo buteo           
BA403Buteo rufinus    11  11           
BA403Buteo rufinus             
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus               
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus    100         
BA080Circaetus gallicus           
BA080Circaetus gallicus       
BA738Delichon urbicum (urbica)               
BA738Delichon urbicum (urbica)    500         
BA239Dendrocopos leucotos           
BA238Dendrocopos medius    100       
BA447Emberiza caesia           
BA379Emberiza hortulana               
BA379Emberiza hortulana    200         
BA101Falco biarmicus           
BA709Falco peregrinus brookei       
BA707Hieraaetus fasciatus (Aquila fasciata)       
BA707Hieraaetus fasciatus (Aquila fasciata)           
BA707Hieraaetus fasciatus (Aquila fasciata)       
BA439Hippolais olivetorum           
BA251Hirundo rustica               
BA251Hirundo rustica    500         
BA338Lanius collurio    100       
BA246Lullula arborea    50       
BA230Merops apiaster           
BA260Motacilla flava           
BA771Passer hispaniolensis           
BA072Pernis apivorus               
BA072Pernis apivorus           
BA210Streptopelia turtur           
BA440Sylvia rueppelli           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Achillea umbellata                   
Anthemis cretica ssp. cretica                   
Arabis bryoides                   
Asperula aristata ssp. thessala                   
Asperula aristata ssp. thessala                   
Aurinia moreana                   
1078Callimorpha quadripunctaria                   
Campanula radicosa                   
Centaurea raphanina ssp. mixta                   
Cerastium candidissimum                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus    50  50             
A687Columba palumbus palumbus    50  50             
Dianthus biflorus                   
Dianthus integer ssp. minutiflorus                   
Dianthus tymphresteus                   
Edraianthus parnassicus                   
Erysimum cephalonicum                   
Erysimum pectinatum                   
Festuca jeanpertii ssp. achaica                   
Fritillaria graeca                   
Geocaryum peloponnesiacum                   
Lilium chalcedonicum                   
Minuartia confusa                   
Minuartia stellata                   
Minuartia verna                   
Poa thessala                   
Rhamnus sibthorpianus                   
Saxifraga sibthorpii                   
Sideritis clandestina ssp. cyllenea                   
Silene auriculata                   
Silene radicosa ssp. radicosa                   
Thlaspi graecum                   
Trifolium parnassi                   
Valeriana olenaea                   
Verbascum epixanthinum                   
Veronica thymifolia                   
Viola chelmea                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N054.43
N0854.51
N0910.99
N120.13
N161.50
N1716.52
N191.62
N2110.30

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The mountain range of Erymanthos is the highest one of an extended mountainous area in NW Peloponnisos, consisting of several peaks and characterized by a multifarious relief with many springs, valleys, plateaus and gorges. From the springs of the Olonos summit, two small rivers are formed crossing the two biggest gorges of Mt. Erymanthos. These gorges are very impressive from an aesthetic point of view, as the landscape presents several spectacular waterfalls. The Erymanthos mountain range belongs to the Olonos-Pindos geotectonic zone and the geological substratum is composed of plate limestones with layers of ceratolith and flysch. The contact of the calcareous rocks with the waterproof schists is the main reason for the existence of many springs occuring at altitudes higher than 1500m. The conifer forests with Abies cephalonica occuring on the largest part of the northern slopes of Mt. Erymanthos are characterized by good structure and dense stands up to 1800-1900m, whilst on the western slopes extended calcareous cliffs are present. The southern slopes are covered by Abies cephalonica and Juniperus foetidissima stands up to lower altitudes (1600-1700m) and, as a consequence of intense erosion and grazing, the degradation stages of vegetation accompanied by bare rocky ground give the main appearance of the landscape.

4.2 Quality and importance

Mt Erymanthos still holds good populations of birds of prey, such as the Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos), the Short-toed Eagle (Circaetus gallicus) and the Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus). Rock Partridges (Alectoris graeca) are still found in sustainable numbers, while open forest species like the Woodlark (Lullula arborea) and the Red-backed Shrike (Lanius collurio) are very common. Other species of interest include forest dwellers such as the Woodpigeon (Columba palumbus) and the Middle Spotted Woodpecker (Dendrocopos medius). Clusters of saplings prevent soil erosion and positively effect the ecology of the area. The forests of the study area are within the collective basin of the Erymanthos and Pineios rivers and help to protect the soil, the cultivated areas and the archaeological site. The oak forest and the Pinus halepensis forest occupy the larger part of the site. Maquis vegetation is limited. We consider that the protection of the biotopes of in this ecologically sensitive region, threatened not only by a retreat from the natural zones of development in Greece but also from disappearing from Peloponnisos, it will constitute an important measure, contributing to the conservation of the structure and the balance of the Mediterranean type ecosystems. This is an important site for species characterisitic of a mosaic of forest, pasture and olive-groves. The butterfly fauna of the area is quite important, and the site includes adequate habitats for Parnassius apollo and Parnassius mnemosyne (Annex IV), as well as for Callimorpha quadripunctaria (common in the site).

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA01b
HA04b
LA04.01i
LA04.02i
MA04.03b
MA06.01.01b
HA07b
MA10b
MA10.01i
LC01i
HC03.03b
LD01i
MD01.01i
LE01.02o
LE03i
LE04b
LF01i
MF03.01i
HF03.02i
LJ01i
MK01.01i
MK03.04i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
ME01o

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR210.00
GR951.84
IN0697.97

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Doxaras-Koriza (Karlentziou-Drosias-Spartias)*1.84
GR99Ethniko Parko Oreinon Ogkon Chelmou - Vouraikou - Zoni C, Periochi Perivallontikou Elenchou*1.50
GR96Ethniko Parko Oreinon Ogkon Chelmou - Vouraikou*1.50
GR21Kalousio Acha?as*0.00

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Doxaras-Koriza (Karlentziou-Drosias-Spartias)*1.84
Ethniko Parko Oreinon Ogkon Chelmou - Vouraikou - Zoni C, Periochi Perivallontikou Elenchou*1.50
Ethniko Parko Oreinon Ogkon Chelmou - Vouraikou*1.50
Kalousio Acha?as*0.00

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:1. FOREST DIRECTORATE OF ACHAIAS, 2. FOREST DIRECTORATE OF ILIAS
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY