Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

GR2320013

1.3 Site name

OROS CHELMOS (AROANIA) - FARANGI VOURAIKOU KAI PERIOCHI KALAVRYTON

1.4 First Compilation date

2009-06

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2010-03
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/6-9-2010 (OJ 1495 B)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:21.382778
Latitude:38.085556

2.2 Area [ha]

32209.7000

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR23Dytiki Ellada
GR25Peloponnisos

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA298Acrocephalus arundinaceus           
BA247Alauda arvensis           
BA465Alectoris graeca graeca    90  160   
BA255Anthus campestris    15  40   
BA091Aquila chrysaetos     
BA215Bubo bubo     
BA403Buteo rufinus       
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla           
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus     
BA080Circaetus gallicus    10  11   
BA081Circus aeruginosus    50  50   
BA082Circus cyaneus    10  10   
BA084Circus pygargus    10  10   
BA113Coturnix coturnix    20  40   
BA239Dendrocopos leucotos           
BA238Dendrocopos medius    231  353   
BA379Emberiza hortulana     
BA098Falco columbarius           
BA100Falco eleonorae      50   
BA095Falco naumanni           
BA103Falco peregrinus brookei     
BA097Falco vespertinus    50  50   
BA153Gallinago gallinago           
BA078Gyps fulvus           
BA093Hieraaetus fasciatus (Aquila fasciata)           
BA092Hieraaetus pennatus    10  10   
BA022Ixobrychus minutus minutus           
BA338Lanius collurio    340  400   
BA339Lanius minor     
BA341Lanius senator    30  50   
BA246Lullula arborea    200  250   
BA073Milvus migrans     
BA260Motacilla flava           
BA277Oenanthe oenanthe           
BA337Oriolus oriolus           
BA072Pernis apivorus     
BA210Streptopelia turtur           
BA306Sylvia curruca    20  40   
BA166Tringa glareola           
BA165Tringa ochropus           
BA232Upupa epops            
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
A235Picus viridis     110  240           
A235Picus viridis     110  240           
A345Pyrrhocorax graculus    15  20           
A345Pyrrhocorax graculus    15  20           
A155Scolopax rusticola                   
A155Scolopax rusticola                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover

0

Other Site Characteristics

Mt. Chelmos is located in Northern Peloponnisos and is characterized by a variety of geological substrata and soil types (conglomerates, limestones of Olonos-Pindos zone, flysh). The main elements of its "wild" landscape include: well forested slopes of the Meso- and Supra-Mediterranean vegetation zone with Abies cephalonica and Pinus nigra subsp. pallasiana forests, steep calcareous cliffs, the Mavrolimni lake (2050 m) of glacier origin (this is the only "alpine" lake of Peloponnisos) and the impressive Styx valley associated with a small, wet cave and a waterfall at its base. Erosion of limestone has mainly contributed to the formation of a strong relief with steep calcareous cliffs and screes. The closed, dense grasslands with Trifolium parnasii (Trifolion parnassi) and Alopecurus gerardi of the Mountain- and Oro-Mediterranean vegetation zones participate in the formation of a vegetation complex clearly differentiated into four major vegetation types (open stepped grasslands, calcareous cliffs, calcareous screes and dense, closed grasslands). Forests of good structure characterized by a more diverse flora are present on the eastern slopes of Mt. Chelmos compared with the northern slopes. Vouraikos gorge is situated in the northern part of Peloponnisos. It is positioned between Mt. Aroania (Chelmos) and the eastern parts of Mt. Panachaiko. The Vouraikos river, which has shaped this steep-sided, deep gorge flows from the mountains of Kalavryta. The gorge begins about 3 km south of the village of Kato Zachlorou and runs parallel to the river, which enters the sea close to the coastal city of Diakofto. A railway leading from Diakofto to Kalavryta runs through the gorge. Many streams enter the river, along its course, the main one being Avrigiolaka, which flows from the village of Mamousia. The gorge is very narrow in several places, while in others it is wider.

4.2 Quality and importance

The area is still rich in birds of prey, even though the Griffon Vulutre (Gyps fulvus) that once nested is extinct. There are still Golden Eagles (Aquila chrysaetos) and Short-toed Eagles (Circaetus gallicus), as well as Peregrine Falcons (Falco peregrinus) etc. This area is one of the most important for the Rock Partridge, its population being still healthy and communicating with other populations in the broader area. Other species of interest include the Eagle Owl (Bubo bubo) with at least 6 breeding pairs, the White-backed Woodpecker (Dendrocopos leucotos) which is restricted to high altitude old fir forests, the Woodlark (Lullula arborea) and the Tawny Pipit (Anthus campestris) and the Alpine Swift (Apus melba). Vouraikos river suffers from household and industrial waste disposal, while a large part of the forests along its route was burnt recently.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01i
MA01o
HA04i
HA04o
MA08o
LA08i
MBi
MB03i
C03.03
LD01.01i
MD01.04i
LD01.05i
LD01.06i
LE06i
MF03.01o
HF03.01i
LF03.02i
LF04i
HG01.02i
LG01.04i
MG05.01i
HJ01o
LJ01i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MBi
LB02.01i
LD01.01i
LD01.05i
HG01.02i
LG01.04i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR125.23
GR210.77
GR958.63
IN0677.10

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Lagkadas-Fteres-Vageni-Kastraki (Kastrion)*1.55
GR95Krastoni-Sokara+3.42
GR95Valimi-Peristera (Exoxis-Vellas)*0.14
GR95Agios Nikolaos-Gourna (Diakoftou-Mamousias-Trapezas)*3.51
GR08Ethniko Parko Oreinon Ogkon Chelmou - Vouraikou - Periochi Prostasias tis Fysis A1 Ypsiles Koryfes Orous Chelmou*6.23
GR08Ethniko Parko Oreinon Ogkon Chelmou - Vouraikou - Periochi Prostasias tis Fysis A2 Dasous Anexartisias Kalavryton*5.46
GR08Ethniko Parko Oreinon Ogkon Chelmou - Vouraikou - Periochi Prostasias tis Fysis A3 Farangiou Vouraikou*7.67
GR99Ethniko Parko Oreinon Ogkon Chelmou - Vouraikou - Zones Eidikon Rythmiseon B1, B2, B3, B4*2.84
GR99Ethniko Parko Oreinon Ogkon Chelmou - Vouraikou - Zoni C, Periochi Perivallontikou Elenchou*70.23
GR96Ethniko Parko Oreinon Ogkon Chelmou - Vouraikou*92.43
GR12Dasos ethnikis anexartisias Kalavryton Acha?as*5.23
GR21Souvardo Kalavryton+0.77

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Lagkadas-Fteres-Vageni-Kastraki (Kastrion)*1.55
Krastoni-Sokara+3.42
Valimi-Peristera (Exoxis-Vellas)*0.14
Agios Nikolaos-Gourna (Diakoftou-Mamousias-Trapezas)*3.51
Ethniko Parko Oreinon Ogkon Chelmou - Vouraikou - Periochi Prostasias tis Fysis A1 Ypsiles Koryfes Orous Chelmou*6.23
Ethniko Parko Oreinon Ogkon Chelmou - Vouraikou - Periochi Prostasias tis Fysis A2 Dasous Anexartisias Kalavryton*5.46
Ethniko Parko Oreinon Ogkon Chelmou - Vouraikou - Periochi Prostasias tis Fysis A3 Farangiou Vouraikou*7.67
Ethniko Parko Oreinon Ogkon Chelmou - Vouraikou - Zones Eidikon Rythmiseon B1, B2, B3, B4*2.84
Ethniko Parko Oreinon Ogkon Chelmou - Vouraikou - Zoni C, Periochi Perivallontikou Elenchou*70.23
Ethniko Parko Oreinon Ogkon Chelmou - Vouraikou*92.43
Dasos ethnikis anexartisias Kalavryton Acha?as*5.23
Souvardo Kalavryton+0.77

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:MANAGEMENT BODY OF “CHELMOS-VOURAIKOS”
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY