Database release:

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)



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1.1 Type


1.2 Site code


1.3 Site name


1.4 First Compilation date


1.5 Update date


1.6 Respondent:


1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2002-10
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/1-9-2012 (OJ 1495 B)
Date site proposed as SCI:1996-08
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)


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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:


2.2 Area [ha]


2.3 Marine area [%]


2.4 Sitelength [km]:


2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR23Dytiki Ellada

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)


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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
9340  info      0.00   
9540  info      0.00   
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA086Accipiter nisus           
BA229Alcedo atthis           
BA257Anthus pratensis           
BA226Apus apus           
BA228Apus melba           
BA091Aquila chrysaetos           
BA215Bubo bubo           
BA087Buteo buteo           
BA365Carduelis spinus           
BA080Circaetus gallicus           
BA373Coccothraustes coccothraustes           
BA239Dendrocopos leucotos           
BA238Dendrocopos medius           
R1279Elaphe quatuorlineata           
BA447Emberiza caesia           
BA269Erithacus rubecula           
BA100Falco eleonorae           
BA103Falco peregrinus           
BA359Fringilla coelebs           
BA252Hirundo daurica           
BA251Hirundo rustica           
BA341Lanius senator           
BA246Lullula arborea           
M1355Lutra lutra           
BA261Motacilla cinerea           
BA278Oenanthe hispanica           
BA214Otus scops           
BA072Pernis apivorus           
BA273Phoenicurus ochruros           
BA315Phylloscopus collybita           
BA250Ptyonoprogne rupestris           
BA317Regulus regulus           
BA275Saxicola rubetra           
BA210Streptopelia turtur           
BA311Sylvia atricapilla           
BA440Sylvia rueppelli           
BA286Turdus iliacus           
BA285Turdus philomelos           
BA232Upupa epops           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


Population in the site


Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1353Canis aureus                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
Lepus europaeus                   
Martes foina                   
Mustela nivalis                   
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons


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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover


Other Site Characteristics

The main vegetation type is forests of Quercus frainetto. Its growth has proved successful in places of good quality. On the westerly exposed sites, Q. frainetto is found mixed with Pinus halepensis while at the edge of the forest it is mixed with evergreen broad-leaved species, which also represent its understorey (shrub understorey). The absence of natural regeneration is quite characteristic together with illegal tree-felling and the presence of a mosaic of cultivated and grazed land. The parasitic plant species Loranthus europaeus has been observed in this site. The woodlands of the studied site also contain a seed producing population of Pinus nigra species. The Pinus halepensis woods cover lower altitudes up to 700m and are used by farmers for resin collection. Their understorey is composed of evergreen broad-leaved species. In the lower altitudes some parts of the formations, which had previously experienced fires, are now at the stage of natural regeneration. The presence of macchie vegetation is uniform in a small limestone area and occurs as an understorey of Pinus halepensis and in the lower part of Quercus frainetto formations. The area around the human habitations is occupied by phrygana, abandoned fields and wooded areas. Cultivated land covers areas around the buildings but also occurs in the forests of Quercus frainetto originating from fires, trangression and tree-felling.

4.2 Quality and importance

Clusters of saplings prevent soil erosion and positively effect the ecology of the area. The forests of the study area are within the collective basin of the Erymanthos and Pineios rivers and help to protect the soil, the cultivated areas and the archaeological site. The oak forest and the Pinus halepensis forest occupy the larger part of the site. Macchie vegetation is limited. We consider that the protection of the biotopes of in this ecologically sensitive region, threatened not only by a retreat from the natural zones of development in Greece but also from disappearing from Peloponnisos, it will constitute an important measure, contributing to the conservation of the structure and the balance of the Mediterranean type ecosystems. This is an important site for species characterisitic of a mosaic of forest, pasture and olive-groves. Species of concern include Dendrocopos medius and Emberiza caesia. Some vertebrate taxa (excluding birds) have been recorded from this site so far; but it is certain that the local fauna is much more variable. Of the remaining taxa listed in section 3.3 as Other Important Species respectively, the jackal Canis aureus is a "Vulnerable" species according to the Greek Red Data Book (motivation A), whereas the lacertid lizard Podarcis are Peloponnesian endemics (motivation B). Apart from the jackal and the fox, all the other taxa are protected by the Bern Convention and are therefore allocated motivation C. The lizards Ablepharus kitaibelii, Lacerta trilineata and Podarcis peloponnesiaca as well as the weasel Mustela nivalis, are given the D motivation since the former has been evaluated by the CORINE-Biotopes Project and the others are protected by the Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981. The hare Lepus europaeus is marked with the same motivation since it is a rare species (due to it being hunted) throughout Greece. The environmental quality of this site is confirmed by its ranking as an EC Important Bird Area. Among the birds living in the area threatened taxa occur, such as the "Rare" Dendrocopos leucotos and the "Insufficiently Known" Falco peregrinus.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

Bern Convention (Appendices II and III). (3.3, 4.2). Douma-Petridou E. 1977. Systimatiki meleti kai geografiki exaplosis ton oikogeneion Canidae kai Mustelidae tis Peloponnisou. (Systematic study and geographical distribution of the families Canidae and Mustelidae of Peloponnisos). Ph.D. thesis, University of Patra,197p. (3.4, 4.2). Chondropoulos B.P. 1986. A checklist of the Greek reptiles. I. The lizards. Amphibia-Reptilia 7: 217-235. (3.3, 4.2). Chondropoulos B.P. 1989. A checklist of the Greek reptiles. II. The snakes. Herpetozoa 2: 3-36. (3.2). CORINE Information System, European Environment Agency, CORINE Biotopes 1991. (4.2, 4.3). Dasarchio Pyrgou Ileias. 1991. Diacheiristiki meleti tou dimosiou dasous Kapelis- Folois- Pineias gia tin dekaetia 1990-1999. (Management Study of public forest of Kapeli- Folloi- Pineia for the decade 1990-1999). Dafis S. 1978. Dasiki fytokoinoniologia. Thessaloniki (Forestral Phytosociology. Thessaloniki). (4.1, 4.2). Dafis S. 1990 Efirmosmeni dasokomiki. Thessaloniki (Applied Forestry. Thessaloniki). (4.1, 4.2). Adamakopoulos T., Matsouka P. & V. Hatzirvasanis. 1988. Ta Vouna tou Moria [The Mountains of Morias]. Pitsilos Publ., Athens. (3.3, 3.4, 4.2). CORINE-Biotopes Project. 1988. Technical Handbook. Vol. 1. (3.3, 4.2). Ioannidis I., & G. Giannatos. 1992. Canis aureus (Linnaeus, 1758). Oikogeneia: Canidae. Tsakali. (Family: Canidae. Jackal). In: The Red Data Book of Threatened Vertebrates of Greece, pp. 283-284. M. Karandeinos (coord.). Hellenic Zoological Society & Hellenic Ornithological Society (eds.). Thymeli Publ., Athens. (3.3, 4.2). MED-SPA. (3.2, 4.2, 4.3). Paraschi L. & M. Gkaitlich. 1992. Lutra lutra (Linnaeus, 1758). Oikogeneia: Mustelidae. Vidra. [Family: Mustelidae. Otter.] In: The Red Data Book of Threatened Vertebrates of Greece, pp. 285-287. M. Karandeinos (coord.). Heath, M. F. and Evans, M. I., eds. 2000. Important Bird Areas in Europe: Priority sites for conservation. 2: Southern Europe. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International. BirdLife Conservation Series No. 8, p. 791. Hellenic Zoological Society & Hellenic Ornithological Society (eds.). Thymeli Publ., Athens. (4.2). Proedriko Diatagma (Presidential Decree) 67/1981. (3.3, 4.2). Grimmet R.F.A. & T.A. Jones. 1989. The Important Bird Areas in Europe. ICBP Technical Publication No. 9, p. 906.


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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
IN06Oros foloi-100.00

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Oros foloi-100.00


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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

No, but in preparation

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

Every ten years the Forest Service of Pirgos arrange a study of the management team for all vegetation types. The management of the forested areas concerns the continuous supply of wood and resin and the continuous regeneration of the forest from seed. Management of tree felling -2000.



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