Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR2330005

1.3 Site name

THINES KAI PARALIAKO DASOS ZACHAROS, LIMNI KAIAFA, STROFYLIA, KAKOVATOS

1.4 First Compilation date

1994-12

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1996-08
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:21.588889
Latitude:37.526944

2.2 Area [ha]

3240.6300

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR23Dytiki Ellada

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1140  info      0.00   
1150  info  X     155.881  0.00       
1310  info      0.0692002  0.00       
1410  info      45.7013  0.00 
1420  info      11.6831  0.00 
2110  info      34.1662  0.00 
2120  info      45.912  0.00 
2190  info      161.641  0.00 
2210  info      50.5225  0.00 
2220  info      7.24948  0.00 
2230  info      0.113196  0.00       
2240  info      11.9666  0.00       
2250  info  X     36.1008  0.00 
2260  info      2.69423  0.00 
2270  info  X     480.363  0.00 
3150  info      0.0103163  0.00   
5210  info      1.85055  0.00       
6220  info  X     3.91017  0.00       
6420  info      37.4985  0.00 
7210  info  X     2.89902  0.00 
7230  info      10.8913  0.00 
8210  info      12.353  0.00 
92A0  info      3.25573  0.00 
92D0  info      20.9321  0.00 
9320  info      43.1492  0.00 
9540  info      92.913  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
F1152Aphanius fasciatus           
R1279Elaphe quatuorlineata           
R1220Emys orbicularis    500     
M1355Lutra lutra           
R2373Mauremys rivulata    500     
M1310Miniopterus schreibersii             
M1307Myotis blythii             
M1316Myotis capaccinii    100  500     
M1321Myotis emarginatus    50  100     
M1324Myotis myotis             
F5333Pelasgus stymphalicus           
M1305Rhinolophus euryale             
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum             
M1303Rhinolophus hipposideros             
M1302Rhinolophus mehelyi    50  200     
R1217Testudo hermanni    1000  10000   
R1218Testudo marginata    251  500   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1258Algyroides moreoticus                   
1258Algyroides moreoticus                   
1258Algyroides moreoticus                   
1258Algyroides moreoticus                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                   
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                   
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                   
1327Eptesicus serotinus                   
1327Eptesicus serotinus                   
1327Eptesicus serotinus                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
5669Hierophis gemonensis                   
5669Hierophis gemonensis                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
Natrix natrix                   
Natrix natrix                   
1292Natrix tessellata                   
1292Natrix tessellata                   
1292Natrix tessellata                   
1271Ophiomorus punctatissimus                   
1271Ophiomorus punctatissimus                   
1271Ophiomorus punctatissimus                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
5363Pelophylax kurtmuelleri                   
5363Pelophylax kurtmuelleri                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca                   
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca                   
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca                   
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca                   
1248Podarcis taurica                   
1248Podarcis taurica                   
1248Podarcis taurica                   
2365Rana epeirotica                   
2365Rana epeirotica                   
Saccharum spontaneum                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
Triturus vulgaris                   
Triturus vulgaris                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N032.60
N0420.67
N061.03
N071.23
N082.09
N1563.80
N160.07
N177.23
N220.25
N231.03

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The described site is a coastal zone located in the southern part of the Ileia Prefecture and comprises the pine forest of Strofilia, the lake Kaiafa, the dunes extending between the drained lake Agoulinitsa and the village Kakovatos, the hill Elliniko (or Stavros), the archaeological site of Kaiafa area, the caves of Anygrides Nymphes, and the curative spring of Kaiafa. The dunes occurring at the beach of Kaiafa form two parallel lines. The first one is characterized by the plant community Agropyretum mediterraneum. In the second line Greek fixed dunes with Euphorbia terracina and Silene nicaensis are developed. At the beach between Kaiafa and Zacharo dunes, with the plant community of Ammophila arenaria are developed. Behind them Greek fixed dunes are again developed. The forest of Strofilia consists mainly of Pinus halepensis and Pinus pinea, and is unique in shape and size. Some clusters of Platanus orientalis and Ceratonia siliqua as well as bushes of Juniperus phoenicea, Quercus coccifera, Pistacia lentiscus, Myrtus communis, Cercis siliquastrum, Arbutus unedo, Erica manipuliflora and Phillyrea media etc. cover a significant area. The lake Kaiafa is a natural water ecosystem, a significant wetland with an area of about 200 ha. It is located behind the forest and is connected to the sea by a canal. Around the lake dense and extensive aquatic associations with Phragmites australis and the endangered species Cladium mariscus are developed. Close to the reed belts, stands of Scirpetum maritimi occur.

4.2 Quality and importance

The combination of coastal forest, dunes and lake in this study site consists an important ecosystem with a rich flora and fauna. At the beach between Kaiafa and Zacharo, dunes in good state are developed. The adventitive xenophyte of tropical origin, Saccharum spontaneum has recently been found in the area. The reed belts, Tamarix forests and the stands with mats and the endangered aquatic species Cladium mariscus are very significant biotopes for food and quarters for aquatic birds. The value of these biotopes has become more significant after the draining of the coastal lake Agoulinitsa which existed just to the north until the early 1970's. There are some non-bird vertebrate animal taxa recorded in this area. Some of them are mentioned in Annex II of the Directive 92/43/EEC. Caretta caretta has found a very good nesting beach where a number of 53-99 nests per reproductive season have been counted; this value corresponds to 7 nests/km/season and it exceeds the figure of 5 nests/km/season which is considered the lower limit for the characterization of a sandy beach as important for the nesting of Caretta caretta. Some Other Important Species have also been evaluated according to the motivation system used in sections 3.3. All are protected by the Bern Convention and for this reason they are indicated by the motivation C. The snake Natrix natrix is marked with motivation D since it is included in the species lists of the Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981. This area includes one of the most important nesting sites of Caretta caretta turtle in Greece and in the eastern Mediterranean. The Caretta caretta belongs with other five species of reptiles region (Emys orbicularis, Mauremys caspi).

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01o
MA01i
MA04i
HA07b
LA08i
LB01.02i
MC01.01i
LD01.02i
MD01.02i
MD01.03i
LD01.04i
MEi
HE01b
ME01.01i
LE03b
ME06i
ME06.01I
ME06.02I
LF01i
MF02i
LF03.01i
HF03.02.05o
MF05.01o
MG01.01.01o
LG01.03i
MG01.03i
HG01.03.02i
HG01.04.03I
LG02.08i
MG02.08i
MG02.10i
MG05i
LG05.01i
HG05.05i
HG05.07i
MG05.07I
MG05.08I
MG05.09I
MG05.11o
MH01i
MH01.03i
MH01.05b
MH01.08b
HH03.01b
HH03.03b
MH03.03o
MH06.01i
MH06.02i
HI01i
MI02i
LJ01i
HJ02b
MJ02.01.02I
LJ02.03.02b
MJ02.05i
MJ02.06.01b
LJ02.12i
HJ03.01i
HK03.04i
LK04.03i
HL08i
ML09b
HM01.01b
LM01.01i
HM02.01i
MXEo
HXOo
MXOo
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LD01.02i
LD01.04i
LUb

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR958.77

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Kato Samiko-Xirochori-Smerna-Graika-Vrina*8.77

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Kato Samiko-Xirochori-Smerna-Graika-Vrina*8.77

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY