Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

GR2410002

1.3 Site name

OROS PARNASSOS

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-05

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:1987-10
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/6-9-2010 (OJ 1495 B)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:24.509167
Latitude:37.934444

2.2 Area [ha]

34400.5100

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR24Sterea Ellada
GR24Sterea Ellada
GR24Sterea Ellada

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA247Alauda arvensis    10  20       
BA465Alectoris graeca graeca           
BA255Anthus campestris           
BA257Anthus pratensis           
BA259Anthus spinoletta           
BA256Anthus trivialis           
BA226Apus apus           
BA227Apus pallidus           
BA404Aquila heliaca                   
BA215Bubo bubo         
BA087Buteo buteo           
BA087Buteo buteo           
BA403Buteo rufinus                   
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla           
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus           
BA081Circus aeruginosus           
BA082Circus cyaneus           
BA082Circus cyaneus           
BA083Circus macrourus           
BA084Circus pygargus           
BA231Coracias garrulus           
BA113Coturnix coturnix           
BA212Cuculus canorus           
BA738Delichon urbicum (urbica)           
BA239Dendrocopos leucotos       
BA238Dendrocopos medius           
BA429Dendrocopos syriacus           
BA236Dryocopus martius    20  20       
BA447Emberiza caesia                   
BA379Emberiza hortulana           
BA382Emberiza melanocephala           
BA382Emberiza melanocephala           
BA269Erithacus rubecula           
BA269Erithacus rubecula           
BA100Falco eleonorae           
BA095Falco naumanni           
BA099Falco subbuteo           
BA097Falco vespertinus           
BA321Ficedula albicollis           
BA322Ficedula hypoleuca           
BA320Ficedula parva           
BA442Ficedula semitorquata           
BA657Fringilla coelebs           
BA657Fringilla coelebs           
BA707Hieraaetus fasciatus (Aquila fasciata)       
BA740Hippolais (iduna) pallida           
BA299Hippolais icterina           
BA439Hippolais olivetorum           
BA252Hirundo daurica           
BA251Hirundo rustica           
BA233Jynx torquilla           
BA338Lanius collurio    20  20       
BA339Lanius minor           
BA341Lanius senator    15  15       
BA246Lullula arborea           
BA271Luscinia megarhynchos           
BA230Merops apiaster           
BA280Monticola saxatilis           
BA262Motacilla alba           
BA261Motacilla cinerea           
BA260Motacilla flava           
BA319Muscicapa striata           
BA319Muscicapa striata           
BA278Oenanthe hispanica           
BA277Oenanthe oenanthe           
BA337Oriolus oriolus           
BA214Otus scops           
BA771Passer hispaniolensis           
BA273Phoenicurus ochruros           
BA273Phoenicurus ochruros           
BA274Phoenicurus phoenicurus           
BA315Phylloscopus collybita           
BA314Phylloscopus sibilatrix           
BA316Phylloscopus trochilus           
BA346Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax                   
BA249Riparia riparia           
BA275Saxicola rubetra           
BA210Streptopelia turtur           
BA351Sturnus vulgaris           
BA310Sylvia borin           
BA770Sylvia cantillans           
BA309Sylvia communis           
BA308Sylvia curruca           
BA307Sylvia nisoria           
BA440Sylvia rueppelli           
BA283Turdus merula                 
BA285Turdus philomelos           
BA282Turdus torquatus           
BA232Upupa epops           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
A619Accipiter gentilis gentilis                   
A619Accipiter gentilis gentilis                   
A619Accipiter gentilis gentilis                   
A633Accipiter nisus                   
A633Accipiter nisus                   
A633Accipiter nisus                   
A218Athene noctua                   
A218Athene noctua                   
A366Carduelis cannabina                   
A366Carduelis cannabina                   
A364Carduelis carduelis                   
A364Carduelis carduelis                   
A363Carduelis chloris                   
A363Carduelis chloris                   
A365Carduelis spinus                   
A365Carduelis spinus                   
A739Cercotrichas (Erythropygia) galactotes                   
A739Cercotrichas (Erythropygia) galactotes                   
A739Cercotrichas (Erythropygia) galactotes                   
A637Certhia brachydactyla                   
A637Certhia brachydactyla                   
A373Coccothraustes coccothraustes                   
A373Coccothraustes coccothraustes                   
A206Columba livia                   
A206Columba livia                   
A206Columba livia                   
A207Columba oenas                   
A207Columba oenas                   
A207Columba oenas                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus    20  20             
A687Columba palumbus palumbus    20  20             
A350Corvus corax                   
A350Corvus corax                   
A347Corvus monedula                   
A347Corvus monedula                   
A240Dendrocopos minor                   
A240Dendrocopos minor                   
A378Emberiza cia                   
A378Emberiza cia                   
A377Emberiza cirlus                   
A377Emberiza cirlus                   
A376Emberiza citrinella                   
A376Emberiza citrinella                   
A248Eremophila alpestris                   
A248Eremophila alpestris                   
A096Falco tinnunculus                   
A096Falco tinnunculus                   
A096Falco tinnunculus                   
A360Fringilla montifringilla                   
A360Fringilla montifringilla                   
A360Fringilla montifringilla                   
A244Galerida cristata                   
A244Galerida cristata                   
A244Galerida cristata                   
A342Garrulus glandarius                   
A342Garrulus glandarius                   
A737Hirundo (Ptyonoprogne) rupestris    40  50               
A737Hirundo (Ptyonoprogne) rupestris    40  50               
A604Larus michahellis                   
A604Larus michahellis                   
A604Larus michahellis                   
A369Loxia curvirostra                   
A369Loxia curvirostra                   
A746Miliaria (Emberiza) calandra                   
A746Miliaria (Emberiza) calandra                   
A281Monticola solitarius                   
A281Monticola solitarius                   
A358Montifringilla nivalis                   
A358Montifringilla nivalis                   
A329Parus (Cyanistes) caeruleus                   
A329Parus (Cyanistes) caeruleus                   
A443Parus lugubris                   
A443Parus lugubris                   
A443Parus lugubris                   
A330Parus major                   
A330Parus major                   
A620Passer domesticus                   
A620Passer domesticus                   
A656Periparus ater                   
A656Periparus ater                   
A357Petronia petronia                   
A357Petronia petronia                   
A313Phylloscopus bonelli                   
A313Phylloscopus bonelli                   
A343Pica pica                   
A343Pica pica                   
A235Picus viridis                   
A235Picus viridis                   
A267Prunella collaris                   
A267Prunella collaris                   
A266Prunella modularis                   
A266Prunella modularis                   
A345Pyrrhocorax graculus    100  120             
A345Pyrrhocorax graculus    100  120             
A318Regulus ignicapilla                   
A318Regulus ignicapilla                   
A317Regulus regulus                   
A317Regulus regulus                   
A276Saxicola torquatus                   
A276Saxicola torquatus                   
A155Scolopax rusticola                   
A155Scolopax rusticola                   
A361Serinus serinus                   
A361Serinus serinus                   
A332Sitta europaea                   
A332Sitta europaea                   
A445Sitta neumayer                   
A445Sitta neumayer                   
A219Strix aluco                   
A219Strix aluco                   
A353Sturnus roseus                   
A353Sturnus roseus                   
A311Sylvia atricapilla                   
A311Sylvia atricapilla                   
A306Sylvia hortensis                   
A306Sylvia hortensis                   
A306Sylvia hortensis                   
A305Sylvia melanocephala                   
A305Sylvia melanocephala                   
A333Tichodroma muraria                   
A333Tichodroma muraria                   
A676Troglodytes troglodytes                   
A676Troglodytes troglodytes                   
A286Turdus iliacus                   
A286Turdus iliacus                   
A284Turdus pilaris                   
A284Turdus pilaris                   
A284Turdus pilaris                   
A287Turdus viscivorus                   
A287Turdus viscivorus                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0839.47
N0916.51
N110.73
N121.47
N160.14
N1737.04
N192.30
N212.08
N230.26

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The site includes the mountain of Parnassos with one part in Voiotia and the rest in Fokida.The predominate climate is continental with a relatively cool yet dry summer period, rainy autumn and heavy winter, the latter lasting for many months.The highest rainfall occurs in November with August being the driest month. The mean annual rainfall is about 1000 mm. There is also a considerable occurrence of hail storms which cause damages to the cultivations and the breeding animals. For at least two months per year the National Park is covered by snow, which lasts from December until March and can reach up to 4 m above ground. The National Park (N.P.) of Parnassos does not include the highest peaks of the mountain (e.g. Liakoura, Gerontovrachos, etc.).The predominate forest species is Abies cephalonica, endemic greek fir, (a habitat type not included in Annex I, Corine 91 code 42.18), forming pure extensive stands. In certain spots, the forest is being interrupted by smaller or larger gaps covered by shrubs.

4.2 Quality and importance

The quality and importance of the site under consideration is based on the ecological and aesthetic value of its natural elements. From an ecological point of view, a variety of vegetation types, which are of excellent structure, are maintained. This, in conjuction with its interesting geomorphology, make the area remarkably rich in flora and fauna. It has high alpine pastures, bare rocks and screes, and an impressive Abies cephalonica forest.The National Park of Parnassos was established in 1938 and is the second Greek National Park -the first being Mount Olympos. Its core coincides with a Special Protection Area (SPA), according to the Birds Directive. The whole area is particularly important for birds of prey, woodpeckers and alpine birds. The site hosts many species of invertebrates, many of them endemic, and endemic species of plants. OTHER IMPORTANT SPECIES WITH MOTIVATION D: Plants: The following species are protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81) and are also included in the IUCN Red List of threatened species (1993): Alyssum doerfleri (rare), Genista parnassica (Rare), Astragalus lacteus (Rare), Seseli parnassicum (Rare), Beta nana (Rare), Silene barbeyana (Rare), Rindera graeca (Rare), Campanula rupicola (Rare), Stachys swainsonii swainsonii (Rare), Campanula aizoon ssp. aizooides (Vulnerable), Erodium chrysanthum (Vulnerable). The IUCN Red List of threatened species (1993), also includes the species Euphorbia orphanidis (Rare), Centaurea musarum (Rare), Abies cephalonica (Rare), Geranium humbertii, are protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81). The species Erodium chrysanthum, Aquilegia ottonis ssp. ottonis, are included in the Corine Checklist of threatened plants. The Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81) also protects the species Viola poetica, Veronica erinoides, Veronica thymifolia. Minuartia stellata (an endemic of Greece & S. Albania). Poa thessala, Acer heldreichii, Anthyllis vulneraria ssp. bulgarica, Carum heldreichii, Sesleria tenerrima, Arabis bryoides, Arenaria conferta ssp. conferta, Crocus veluchensis, , Verbascum graecum, Lilium chalcedonicum, Silene radicosa ssp. radicosa, Minuartia stellata, Dianthus integer ssp. minutiflorus, Geocaryum pindicolum, are endemic to the Balkan peninsula. Acantholimon echinus ssp. echinus is a species with distribution in Greece and W Anatolia. Amelanchier ovalis ssp. cretica is a species with distribution in Sicily and Greece. Campanula trichocalycina (=Asyneuma trichocalycinum) is a rather rare plant with scattered localities in Greece (distribution Balkan peninsula, Sicily, Italy). The following species are protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81): Dryomys nitedula wingei, Sciurus vulgaris, Rana dalmatina, Rana graeca, Triturus vulgaris. The species Dryomys nitedula wingei, Rana dalmatina, Rana graeca are also considered species of Community importance, included in Annex IV of the Directive 92/43/EEC.Invertebrates:The following species are considered in need of protection in Europe (Legakis, 1995): Carcharodus flocciferous (Rare), Iolana iolas (Rare), Styrmonidia w-alba (Vulnerable), Thersmonia thetis (Endangered). Parnaasius apollo is considered an endangered species in Europe and is protected by international conventions (Bern, CITES) as well as by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81), and included in the IUCN Red List of threatened species as «Rare». The Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81) protects the species Cyaniris helena, Hipparchia aristaeus and Thersmonia thetis.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01o
MA04o
MA04i
MA05.01o
MA05.01i
MA05.02i
MA08o
LB02.01i
MB02.02i
HC01.04o
C03.03
MD01.01i
MD01.02i
LD01.06o
MD02.01i
MD05i
LE01.02o
ME01.03i
ME03.01o
MF03.01i
MF03.02i
HF03.02.02i
MF04i
MG01.04i
MG01.06i
MG02.02i
MG02.08i
LG05.01i
LH06.01i
LJ01o
LL09i
LL09o
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01o
LB02.01i
MB02.02i
MB02.04i
MD01.01i
MD02.01i
ME01.03i
MG01.04i
LJ01o
LL09o
LL09i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR0510.78
GR120.53
GR210.25
GR9513.58
IN0663.45

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Asprochoma-Psilo-Prontoli-Kelari (Arachovas)*13.58
GR05Parnassos*10.78
GR12Periastiko dasos Tithoreas Fthiotidas*0.53
GR21Amfikleia Lamias*0.25

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Asprochoma-Psilo-Prontoli-Kelari (Arachovas)*13.58
Parnassos*10.78
Periastiko dasos Tithoreas Fthiotidas*0.53
Amfikleia Lamias*0.25

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:1. FOREST SERVICE OF AMFISSA, 2. MANAGEMENT BODY OF “ETHNIKOS DRYMOS PARNASSOU”
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY