Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR2420001

1.3 Site name

OROS OCHI – KAMPOS KARYSTOU – POTAMI – AKROTIRIO KAFIREFS – PARAKTIA THALASSIA ZONI

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-01

1.5 Update date

2016-12
Date site proposed as SCI:1997-04
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:24.524101
Latitude:40.381443

2.2 Area [ha]

28704.2200

2.3 Marine area [%]

49.0300

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR24Sterea Ellada

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1110  info      7800  0.00   
1120  info  X     238  0.00   
1170  info      7092  0.00   
1240  info      91.5647  0.00 
2110  info      8.61458  0.00 
3290  info      0.00         
4090  info      742.884  0.00 
5420  info      8527.6  0.00 
8210  info      279.794  0.00 
8330  info      0.00   
91M0  info      1.96082  0.00 
9260  info      124.275  0.00 
92C0  info      1490.41  0.00 
92D0  info      2.80167  0.00 
9320  info      108.641  0.00 
9340  info      2004.24  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
I1078Callimorpha quadripunctaria           
I1088Cerambyx cerdo           
R1279Elaphe quatuorlineata    501  1000   
R1293Elaphe situla    101  250     
R1220Emys orbicularis           
I1083Lucanus cervus           
M1355Lutra lutra           
R2373Mauremys rivulata           
I1089Morimus funereus           
M1321Myotis emarginatus                 
I1084Osmoderma eremita           
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum               
M1303Rhinolophus hipposideros               
R1217Testudo hermanni    501  1000     
R1218Testudo marginata    101  250     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
Alcyonium spp                   
Anthemis cretica ssp. cretica                   
Armeria johnsenii                   
Armeria johnsenii                   
2361Bufo bufo                   
2361Bufo bufo                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
Campanula celsii ssp. carystea                   
Caryophyllia smithii                   
Cerastium candidissimum                   
Cerastium runemarkii                   
Cerastium runemarkii                   
1274Chalcides ocellatus                   
1274Chalcides ocellatus                   
1274Chalcides ocellatus                   
Cirsium heldreichii                   
Crocus sieberi ssp. atticus                   
Cystoseira spinosa                   
Cystoseira spp                   
Erysimum senoneri ssp. senoneri                   
Eunicella cavolini                   
Fritillaria ehrhartii                   
Hippospongia communis                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1263Lacerta viridis                   
1263Lacerta viridis                   
1263Lacerta viridis                   
Leptopsammia pruvoti                   
Madracis pharensis                   
1322Myotis nattereri                   
1322Myotis nattereri                   
1322Myotis nattereri                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
Paeonia mascula ssp. hellenica                   
Paramuricea clavata                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1238Podarcis erhardii                   
1238Podarcis erhardii                   
1238Podarcis erhardii                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
2351Salamandra salamandra                   
2351Salamandra salamandra                   
Scyllarus arctus                   
Sideritis euboea                   
Sideritis euboea                   
Stachys euboica                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
Viola euboea                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N017.06
N040.01
N050.21
N060.01
N0853.68
N154.22
N1619.28
N171.00
N1812.45
N220.91
N231.17

Total Habitat Cover

100.00000000000001

Other Site Characteristics

The site is located in the southern part of the island of Evvoia. It contains two distinct areas: The "Kampos Karystou" plain and the mountain Ochi with the coastal areas of Cape Kafirefs and Potami. Kampos Karystou is a coastal plain lying west of Karystos, with extensive cultivated fields, small freshwater lakes, intermittently flowing streams and freshwater marshes, which are characterized by the presence of the plant species Typha latifolia, Salix sp. and Phragmites australis (a habitat type not included in Annex I, described in Corine 91 by code 53.2). Ochi mountain (1398 m) is located NE of Karystos. The most remarkable characteristics of this part of the site are: the extensive area with phrygana and sclerophyllus shrubs (especially Quercus coccifera), the many green valleys with Platanus orientalis, the small chestnut forest near the highest peak, and the rivers in which the dominant species are Vitex agnus-castus and Nerium oleander. The marine area of the site is characterized by the existence of posidonia beds, mainly in deep waters (>20 m) and by reefs (along Cape Kafirefs). Both of these ecosystems are in excellent condition. NOTES 1. In Kampos Karystou area there are extensive crops, not described by any habitat type of Annex I. 2. Habitat type 9320 describes areas with Olea europaea and Pistacia lentiscus shrubs. 3. On Ochi mountains there are extensive patches of Pteridium aquilinum. 4. There are Erica manipuliflora heathlands, a habitat type not included in Annex I. In 2015, the site was extended to comprise ~40 km of the south Evvoian coastline and 1.5 nm off, spanning a total marine area of about 140 km2. The site is part of the Kafireas straits, and thus affected by permanent currents that may reach velocities as strong as 7 knots. The seabed is characterized by steep slopes and depth regularly exceeds 200m. These features account for an exceptional marine biodiversity, which is however particularly vulnerable to fishing-related mechanical impacts.

4.2 Quality and importance

The ecological quality and importance of the site result from the following elements:1) The variety of habitat types which it contains with interesting fauna and flora communities. 2) The great number of passage birds and raptors which have been recorded in the area. 3) Its rich herpetofauna. 4) Well conserved acquatic ecosystems such as posidonia beds in deep waters and reefs at the coastline of Cape Kafirefs. 5) Dimosari gorge was proposed to be designated as an aesthetic forest in 1986.OTHER IMPORTANT SPECIES WITH MOTIVATION D: Bufo bufo (amphibian) and Malpolon monspessulanus (reptile) are protected by the greek Presidential Decree 67/81.The following endemic plants are included in the IUCN catalogue for the rare and threatened species of Greece: Paeonia mascula ssp. hellenica (Indeterminate), Cerastium runemarkii (Indeterminate), and Stachys euboica (Rare). The species Sideritis euboea, Viola euboea, Armeria johnsenii and the subspecies Campanula celsii ssp. carystea are endemic to the island of Evoia.Anthemis cretica ssp. cretica is a Balkan endemic. Various coralligenous assemblages (deep counterpart of Habitat Type 1170), including spectacular gorgonian facies (i.e. Paramuricea clavata, Eunicella cavolini), occur along the steep rocky coasts and reefs of the site at depths below ~30m. Extensive biodiversity-rich detritic and rhodolith beds (important deep subtypes for Habitat Type 1110) dominate the circalittoral sedimentary bottoms of the area. Posidonia oceanica beds (Habitat Type 1120) and caves and semi-submerged caves (Habitat Type 8330) are also present.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA01i
MA04i
MA05.02i
HC03.03b
LE01i
HE04i
HF02.01b
HF02.02.01i
MF02.03b
MF02.03.03i
HF06b
HG05.02i
MG05.03i
MH03.03b
MJ03.01b
ML09i
MM01.01b
LXb
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LF03.01i
LUb

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR950.00
GR950.00

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Krypti Lykorema (Karystou)*0.00

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Krypti Lykorema (Karystou)*0.00

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY