Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR2420004

1.3 Site name

MEGALO KAI MIKRO LIVARI - DELTA XERIA - YDROCHARES DASOS AG. NIKOLAOU - PARAKTIA THALASSIA ZONI

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-03

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1996-08
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:23.124444
Latitude:39.001389

2.2 Area [ha]

501.2900

2.3 Marine area [%]

38.1100

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR24Sterea Ellada

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1150  info  X     0.00   
1210  info      11.3388  0.00 
1310  info      0.00         
1410  info      77.2277  0.00 
1420  info      7.6013  0.00 
2110  info      16.1276  0.00 
2120  info      0.194673  0.00 
3290  info      0.00         
91F0  info      2.65521  0.00 
92C0  info      4.74616  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
R1279Elaphe quatuorlineata           
R1293Elaphe situla           
R1220Emys orbicularis           
M1355Lutra lutra           
R2373Mauremys rivulata    2000     
R1219Testudo graeca           
R1217Testudo hermanni    200     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
Anguis fragilis                   
Anguis fragilis                   
1278Coluber caspius                   
1278Coluber caspius                   
1278Coluber caspius                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
1251Lacerta trilineata    1000             
1251Lacerta trilineata    1000             
1251Lacerta trilineata    1000             
Natrix natrix                   
Natrix natrix                   
1292Natrix tessellata    10             
1292Natrix tessellata    10             
1292Natrix tessellata    10             
5363Pelophylax kurtmuelleri    10000               
5363Pelophylax kurtmuelleri    10000               
1028Pinna nobilis                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
Typhlops vermicularis                   
Typhlops vermicularis                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0139.92
N0211.11
N0310.68
N048.32
N050.08
N0616.54
N1511.80
N161.55

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The site is located at the northern edge of Euboea (Evvoia) island. The site includes the lagoons Megalo Livari, Strongylo and Mikro Livari, the estuary of Xirias (Kalas) River and Agios Nikolaos deciduous forest (designated as Natural Monument). This forest owned by the Church and two others near Megalo Livari are remnants of an once extended riverine forest which has nowadays been restricted because of logging and expansion of cultivation. The lagoons contain brackish water and their fresh water originates from springs and small streams. They are surrounded by cultivated fields.Megalo Livari was extensively exploited in the past for fish production, but digging, landfilling, and changes of the orifice have been conducted for the intensification of fish culture. Road construction, habitation and tourism activities are extended towards the lagoon. In addition, a fish hatchery was constructed at the northern edge of the lagoon. The conservation status of the wetland vegetation around the lagoon, of the reedbeds and the riverine forest has seriously deteriorated. Halophilous vegetation is also present. Mikro Livari lagoon is a private area where drainage works have been done. Also, roads were constructed near Mikro Livari and Strongylo. Marsh and reedbeds surround the lagoons, and sand beach and sand dunes extend along coastal zone of the site. Xirias river has an intermittent flow. NOTES: * Reed beds (Phragmites australis), another habitat type not included in Annex I of Directive 92/43/EEC, are present in the site.

4.2 Quality and importance

The following elements indicate the ecological quality and importance of the site:1) It is one of the few wetlands of eastern continental Greece.2) The great variety of existing habitat types.3) It is important for migrating and wintering birds, especially for the mute swan (max 1,600i), the flamingo (max 550i), the spoonbill, the glossy ibis, ducks, herons and waders.4) It supports an isolated population of river otter (Annex I of Dir. 92/43), the most important site for the species in Euboea.5) The presence of small riverine forests (one of them has been declared as a Natural Monument).6) The great variety of herpetofauna.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA02i
HA02o
LA04i
MA07i
HA07o
MA08i
HA08o
HA09o
HA09b
HA09i
MA10b
HA10.01i
HA10.01o
MD01.02o
MD01.02i
LE01.03b
HE01.03o
HE01.03i
MF01i
HF03.01o
HF03.01i
MG05o
HG05i
MG05.01i
HJ01i
HJ01o
HJ02.01b
HJ02.01i
MJ02.02i
MJ02.03i
HJ02.03o
MJ02.05o
HJ02.05i
HJ02.10o
HJ02.10b
HJ02.10i
MK01.03i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR9948.31

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR99Pyrinas ygroviotopou Mikro kai Megalo Livari Dimou Istiaias kai koinotitas Asminiou*48.31

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Pyrinas ygroviotopou Mikro kai Megalo Livari Dimou Istiaias kai koinotitas Asminiou*48.31

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:FOREST SERVICE OF ISTIAIA
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY