Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

C

1.2 Site code

GR2420006

1.3 Site name

SKYROS: OROS KOCHYLAS

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-04

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2002-10
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/6-9-2010 (OJ 1495 B)
Date site proposed as SCI:1997-04
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:24.621111
Latitude:38.824167

2.2 Area [ha]

4050.0000

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR24Sterea Ellada

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1240  info      13.5207  0.00 
3290  info      0.00         
5330  info      12.4855  0.00 
5420  info      2324.04  0.00 
8140  info      2.55618  0.00 
8210  info      1.64145  0.00 
92D0  info      0.123785  0.00 
9340  info      163.356  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA402Accipiter brevipes           
BA228Apus (Tachymarptis) melba           
BA226Apus apus             
BA087Buteo buteo           
BA087Buteo buteo           
BA010Calonectris diomedea           
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus           
BA080Circaetus gallicus           
BA122Crex crex           
BA738Delichon urbicum (urbica)             
BA738Delichon urbicum (urbica)             
BA697Egretta garzetta garzetta           
R1279Elaphe quatuorlineata           
R1293Elaphe situla    10     
BA447Emberiza caesia           
BA446Emberiza cineracea           
BA101Falco biarmicus       
BA100Falco eleonorae    212  212     
BA709Falco peregrinus brookei           
BA251Hirundo rustica             
R2373Mauremys rivulata           
BA260Motacilla flava           
BA392Phalacrocorax aristotelis desmarestii           
BA691Podiceps cristatus cristatus           
BA692Podiceps nigricollis nigricollis           
BA464Puffinus yelkouan           
BA464Puffinus yelkouan           
BA210Streptopelia turtur             
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
Aethionema retsina                   
Aethionema retsina                   
Aubrieta scyria                   
Campanula merxmuelleri                   
Campanula merxmuelleri                   
Centaurea rechingeri                   
Centaurea rechingeri                   
1278Coluber caspius                   
1278Coluber caspius                   
1278Coluber caspius                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                   
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                   
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                   
Erysimum senoneri ssp. senoneri                   
Fritillaria ehrhartii                   
Galium reiseri                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
1251Lacerta trilineata    1000             
1251Lacerta trilineata    1000             
1251Lacerta trilineata    1000             
Malcolmia macrocalyx                   
Natrix natrix                   
Natrix natrix                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
Podarcis gaigeae    10000             
Podarcis gaigeae    10000             
Scorzonera scyria                   
Scorzonera scyria                   
Silene fabaria                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
Typhlops vermicularis                   
Typhlops vermicularis                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N051.05
N060.01
N0898.87
N160.01
N180.05
N220.01

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The island of Skyros lies in the central part of the Aegean sea and is the largest island of the North Sporades with a total area of 20.9 ha. The island of Skyros is 19 miles off shore Euboea island. The climate is typical Mediterranean with mean annual rainfall not exceeding 500 mm. A 4 km long plane, running from Achilli village up to Kalamitsa village divides the island into two parts. The north-west is covered by Aleppo pine forests and lush vegetation. The south east part is a completely contrast, mountainous rocky scenery. The site contains the mountainous block of Kochylas (792 m) as well as the south-eastern rocky shores. The whole area consists mainly of limestone. The chasmophytic flora is well developed but contains rather few plant species. The maquis formation consists mainly of Quercus coccifera, Genista sp and Olea europaea shrubs of very low height, mainly due to overgrazing. It is worth noting that the area of the ravines is covered by thickets of Quercus coccifera and Acer monspessulanum forests. The area of mountain Kochylas is where the Skyrian shepherds and goatherds graze their thousands of animals (about 40,000 goats and sheep). The unique miniature Skyrian horse ( a race of Equus cabalus, not exceeding 1,07 m height) has been living free and semi-wild in the area.Falco eleonorae population values are based on LIFE - Nature «Δράσεις προστασίας για τον Μαυροπετρίτη Falco eleonorae στην Ελλάδα» (LIFE03 NAT/GR/000091)

4.2 Quality and importance

The site is important for breeding seebirds, raptors and species associated with scrub. Species of concern include Falco eleonorae, Emberiza cineracea and Emberiza caesia. The quality and importance of the site result mainly from the big number of the local or very restricted plant endemic species. The rather few plant species of the area in comparison to the comparatively high number of local endemic indicates strong isolation. Therefore the species in common with northern Sporades and the Kyklades respectively according to Snogerup (1978) will constitute local populations which will have been isolated for long from the other part of the species. The area of Kochylas mountain is also highly esteemed for the presence of the Podarcis gaigeae, a strictly local endemic species of lizard (one of the two Aegean endemic lizard species). Although overgrazed, the site is also a place of great aesthetic value.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA04i
HC03.03b
LF03.01i
LF05.04i
LG04.01o
MK03.06i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LUb

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR00100.00

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY