Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

GR2420007

1.3 Site name

MEGALO KAI MIKRO LIVARI - DELTA XERIA

1.4 First Compilation date

2001-10

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2001-10
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/6-9-2010 (OJ 1495 B)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:23.119167
Latitude:39.003333

2.2 Area [ha]

1058.6400

2.3 Marine area [%]

70.6900

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR24Sterea Ellada

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA168Actitis hypoleucos       
BA229Alcedo atthis    35  35     
BA054Anas acuta    50  100     
BA056Anas clypeata    50  100     
BA704Anas crecca crecca    50  100     
BA050Anas penelope    50  100     
BA705Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos       
BA705Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos    50  100     
BA055Anas querquedula    50  100     
BA394Anser albifrons albifrons    50  100     
BA255Anthus campestris       
BA699Ardea cinerea cinerea    11  11     
BA699Ardea cinerea cinerea       
BA699Ardea cinerea cinerea       
BA634Ardea purpurea purpurea       
BA635Ardeola ralloides ralloides       
BA059Aythya ferina    50  100     
BA060Aythya nyroca       
BA688Botaurus stellaris stellaris       
BA133Burhinus oedicnemus       
BA087Buteo buteo       
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla           
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla           
BA147Calidris ferruginea    10  10     
BA145Calidris minuta       
BA146Calidris temminckii    13  13     
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus           
BA682Charadrius alexandrinus alexandrinus           
BA682Charadrius alexandrinus alexandrinus       
BA137Charadrius hiaticula       
BA734Chlidonias hybrida       
BA198Chlidonias leucopterus       
BA667Ciconia ciconia ciconia           
BA667Ciconia ciconia ciconia       
BA081Circus aeruginosus       
BA082Circus cyaneus       
BA113Coturnix coturnix    10     
BA122Crex crex           
BA738Delichon urbicum (urbica)           
BA698Egretta alba (Casmerodius albus albus)       
BA698Egretta alba (Casmerodius albus albus)       
BA697Egretta garzetta garzetta    10  450     
BA697Egretta garzetta garzetta       
BA697Egretta garzetta garzetta    11  11     
BA095Falco naumanni    10     
BA097Falco vespertinus    10  150     
BA723Fulica atra atra           
BA723Fulica atra atra    14  14     
BA723Fulica atra atra    50  750     
BA153Gallinago gallinago       
BA153Gallinago gallinago           
BA625Glareola pratincola pratincola    10     
BA131Himantopus himantopus       
BA251Hirundo rustica           
BA617Ixobrychus minutus minutus       
BA338Lanius collurio       
BA339Lanius minor       
BA179Larus (Chroicocephalus) ridibundus    500  1000     
BA177Larus (Hydrocoloeus) minutus       
BA176Larus melanocephalus           
BA614Limosa limosa limosa       
BA242Melanocorypha calandra           
BA069Mergus serrator           
BA230Merops apiaster    10  10     
BA260Motacilla flava    20  20     
BA260Motacilla flava           
BA768Numenius arquata arquata       
BA768Numenius arquata arquata       
BA610Nycticorax nycticorax nycticorax    10     
BA337Oriolus oriolus       
BA094Pandion haliaetus           
BA771Passer hispaniolensis           
BA151Philomachus pugnax    11  11     
BA663Phoenicopterus roseus       
BA607Platalea leucorodia leucorodia           
BA607Platalea leucorodia leucorodia       
BA700Plegadis falcinellus falcinellus           
BA141Pluvialis squatarola       
BA691Podiceps cristatus cristatus    50     
BA692Podiceps nigricollis nigricollis           
BA132Recurvirostra avosetta           
BA132Recurvirostra avosetta           
BA631Sterna (Sternula) albifrons albifrons       
BA191Sterna (Thalasseus) sandvicensis    11  11     
BA193Sterna hirundo    10     
BA210Streptopelia turtur    10     
BA161Tringa erythropus       
BA161Tringa erythropus           
BA166Tringa glareola    15  15     
BA165Tringa ochropus       
BA165Tringa ochropus           
BA163Tringa stagnatilis       
BA162Tringa totanus       
BA162Tringa totanus    10  10     
BA162Tringa totanus       
BA142Vanellus vanellus    10  10     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
A726Charadrius dubius curonicus               
A726Charadrius dubius curonicus               
A726Charadrius dubius curonicus               
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A058Netta rufina    10  10             
A058Netta rufina    10  10             
A058Netta rufina    10  10             
A690Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis    17  17             
A690Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis    10  10             
A690Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis    17  17             
A690Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis    10  10             
A690Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis    17  17             
A690Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis    10  10             
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0172.13

Total Habitat Cover

72.13

Other Site Characteristics

The site is located at the northern edge of Euboea (Evvoia) island. The marine part covers around 38% of the site, the lagoons cover 18% and the terrestrial part is 38%. The site includes the lagoons Megalo Livari, Strongylo and Mikro Livari, and the estuary of Xirias (Kalas) River. The lagoons contain brackish water and their fresh water originates from springs and small streams. They are surrounded by cultivated fields.Megalo Livari was extensively exploited in the past for fish production, but digging, landfilling, and changes of the orifice have been conducted for the intensification of fish culture. Road construction, habitation and tourism activities are extended towards the lagoon. In addition, a fish hatchery was constructed at the northern edge of the lagoon. The conservation status of the wetland vegetation around the lagoon, of the reedbeds has seriously deteriorated. Halophilous vegetation is also present.Mikro Livari lagoon is a private area where drainage works have been done. Also, roads were constructed near Mikro Livari and Strongylo. Marsh and reedbeds surround the lagoons, and sand beach and sand dunes extend along coastal zone of the site. Xirias river has an intermittent flow.NOTES:* Reed beds (Phragmites australis), another habitat type not included in Annex I of Directive 92/43/EEC, are present in the site.

4.2 Quality and importance

This an important site for passage and wintering waterbirds. Species of concern include: Cygnus olor.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MC03.03b
LE01.02i
ME02i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR9922.38

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR99Pyrinas ygroviotopou Mikro kai Megalo Livari Dimou Istiaias kai koinotitas Asminiou*22.38

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Pyrinas ygroviotopou Mikro kai Megalo Livari Dimou Istiaias kai koinotitas Asminiou*22.38

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY