Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR2440002

1.3 Site name

KOILADA KAI EKVOLES SPERCHEIOU – MALIAKOS KOLPOS – MESOCHORI SPERCHEIOU

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-03

1.5 Update date

2016-12
Date site proposed as SCI:1996-08
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:22.495459
Latitude:41.375455

2.2 Area [ha]

46327.2400

2.3 Marine area [%]

30.6300

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR24Sterea Ellada

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1130  info      0.00   
1160  info      14189.5  0.00 
1210  info      6.21295  0.00 
1410  info      39.3868  0.00 
1420  info      1283.53  0.00 
2110  info      9.46085  0.00 
2190  info      0.00         
3170  info  X     0.00         
3280  info      61.8706  0.00 
3290  info      0.00         
92A0  info      705.635  0.00 
92C0  info      515.054  0.00 
92D0  info      1231.8  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
F1152Aphanius fasciatus           
F5256Barbus sperchiensis           
A1193Bombina variegata           
M1352Canis lupus           
R1279Elaphe quatuorlineata           
R1293Elaphe situla           
R1220Emys orbicularis           
P2327Himantoglossum caprinum     
M1355Lutra lutra           
R2373Mauremys rivulata           
I4053Paracaloptenus caloptenoides           
F5336Pelasgus marathonicus           
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum                 
M1303Rhinolophus hipposideros                 
M1371Rupicapra rupicapra balcanica           
R1217Testudo hermanni           
R1218Testudo marginata           
M1349Tursiops truncatus                 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
Anguis fragilis                   
Anguis fragilis                   
2361Bufo bufo      10000           
2361Bufo bufo      10000           
1201Bufo viridis      10000           
1201Bufo viridis      10000           
1201Bufo viridis      10000           
1278Coluber caspius                   
1278Coluber caspius                   
1278Coluber caspius                   
1281Elaphe longissima                   
1281Elaphe longissima                   
1281Elaphe longissima                   
1327Eptesicus serotinus                   
1327Eptesicus serotinus                   
1327Eptesicus serotinus                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
1203Hyla arborea    501  1000           
1203Hyla arborea    501  1000           
1203Hyla arborea    501  1000           
1251Lacerta trilineata    501  1000           
1251Lacerta trilineata    501  1000           
1251Lacerta trilineata    501  1000           
5282Luciobarbus graecus                   
  5282Luciobarbus graecus                   
1322Myotis nattereri                     
1322Myotis nattereri                     
1322Myotis nattereri                     
Natrix natrix    1001  10000           
Natrix natrix    1001  10000           
1292Natrix tessellata    1001  10000           
1292Natrix tessellata    1001  10000           
1292Natrix tessellata    1001  10000           
1328Nyctalus lasiopterus                   
1328Nyctalus lasiopterus                   
1328Nyctalus lasiopterus                   
1331Nyctalus leisleri                   
1331Nyctalus leisleri                   
1331Nyctalus leisleri                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus    1001  10000           
1269Ophisaurus apodus    1001  10000           
1269Ophisaurus apodus    1001  10000           
5363Pelophylax kurtmuelleri      10000           
5363Pelophylax kurtmuelleri      10000           
1028Pinna nobilis                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
5011Plecotus kolombatovici                   
5011Plecotus kolombatovici                   
5011Plecotus kolombatovici                   
2559Pungitius hellenicus                   
2559Pungitius hellenicus                   
  2559Pungitius hellenicus                   
1209Rana dalmatina    501  1000           
1209Rana dalmatina    501  1000           
1209Rana dalmatina    501  1000           
1208Rana graeca    501  1000           
1208Rana graeca    501  1000           
1208Rana graeca    501  1000           
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
2353Triturus alpestris    101  250           
2353Triturus alpestris    101  250           
Triturus vulgaris    251  500           
Triturus vulgaris    251  500           
Typhlops vermicularis                   
Typhlops vermicularis                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0129.61
N028.72
N032.25
N040.21
N050.08
N060.11
N081.55
N1552.37
N163.90
N160.01
N231.19

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The site is located in the eastern part of central Greece; it is attached to the periphery zone of the Oiti National Park and it is neighbour to Timfristos and Vardousia Mountains. Three different parts can be distinguished in the site: a) Maliakos Bay, b) the estuary of Spercheios River and its surrounding area and c) Spercheios River valley and its springs. Maliakos Bay is a small enclosed embayment connected to the Aegean Sea and N. Evoikos Gulf by two small openings on the east. In the outer eastern part the average depth is 30 m and in the inner western part it does not exceed 25 m; the bottom is covered mostly by soft sediments. Spercheios River meets the sea in the SW corner of the bay. The innermost part of the bay close to the mouth of the river is the shallowest one. The town of Stylida is located on the NW side of the bay. Its port is the most important in the bay, hosting cargo ship and fishing boats. The fishing activity of the bay is conducted by registered fishing boats. Fish and shellfish production of the bay is high. There are fishing restrictions by the State for the inner part (nearly half of the total of the bay). The estuary and its surrounding area forms a diverse landscape. There are two types of natural vegetation. The first one is located along the river bank while the second covers the area of the salt meadows. The former is dominated by Salix sp., Populus sp., Rubus sp., Agnus sp., Phragmites spp., Typha sp. and the latter by Phragmites australis close to the river and by Arthrocremnum sp., Tamarix sp. and Salicornia sp. in the rest of the area. Most the area outside the core is intensively cultivated-mainly ricefields. The land around the estuary is occupied mainly by dry cropland and grasslands while a small portion is covered by olive trees. Around the estuary there are ten villages ; most of their residents are occupied chiefly by agricultural labour. The last part of the estuary, close to the mouth of the river and where the land meets the sea, forms a shallow lagoon-like embayment called Livari; the depth in the biggest part of it is 5m. The westernmost part of the site includes the mountain-type part of Spercheios River, its valley and springs. Due to the extended watershed, the river is characterised by high levels of drifting material. The length of the river is 82.5 km and it starts from Tymfristos Mountain at 2,327 m altitude. Its valley covers around 15,000 ha, with an average altitude of 621 or 810 m. Moving from the city of Lamia to the river's springs, the landscape is dominated by permanent dry and irrigated cropland. At the northern part of the valley there is cropland under shifting cultivation, grasslands and abandoned agricultural lands. Finally, close to the springs of the river, apart from small patches of land occupied by orchards, the area is dominated by abandoned agricultural land. At the fringe around of the valley, close to the foot of the surrounding mountains, the vegetation is characterised by phrygana.

4.2 Quality and importance

The quality and importance of the site is focused on the following reasons:a) Maliakos Bay supports a significant fish and shellfish production; there is also a very good potential for the development of aquaculture.b) Livari, the innermost part of Maliakos Bay, is a natural sea park for the reproduction of fish and the development of their juvenillesc) The estuary of Spercheios River offers ideal environmental parameters for many species of the avifauna many of which are protected. Actually, the estuary has been characterised as an Important Bird Area (IBA).d) The surrounding cultivated area-mainly ricefields-is of major financial importance for the neighbouring parishes.e) The river itself, supports a diverse fishfauna with many important-endemic, protected-species. Also, it irrigates the fertile soils of its valley and of its estuary.f) The thermal springs of Thermopyles as well as the ckarstic springs of Agia Paraskevi, are of great ecological interest. OTHER IMPORTANT SPECIES WITH MOTIVATION DThe following important species (motivation D, 3.3) have been found in the site: Lithophaga lithophaga is an important species (Koomen P. and P.J. van Helsdingen), included in Annex IV of the Directive 92/43/EEC.Coronella austriaca, Vipera ammodytes, Ablepharus kitaibelii, Lacerta trilineata are included in Annex IV of the Directive 92/43/EEC. Nyctalus lasiopterus, Nyctalus leisleri are included in Annex IV of the Directive 92/43/EEC. "Moschochori Sperchios. Area which is characterized by springs and dense network of drainage ditches. Important for fish communities where rare endemic fish are dominant. Pelasgus marathonicus dominates in significant densities, often without the presence of competing exotic species (eg Gambusia holbrooki is scarce). The trench region holds the largest concentration of population of an also endemic and extremely rare species, which does not belong to the protected species of the Directive, Pungitius hellenicus. This species has a very limited global distribution (local endemic Fthiotida) and the area of ​​the plain Moschochori is the major site of spread. The marshy lakes or ditches host an isolated population of local endemic fish of genus Rutilus (Rutilus sp. Sperchios in Kottelat & Freyhof 2007). The trench region with cold spring water is a very important habitat for various species of aquatic life as for indigenous population of crayfish Astacus astacus. "

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA01i
HA02.01b
LA04i
HA07b
HA07i
HA08i
HA08b
HA09i
HA10.01b
MB03b
LD01.01b
HD01.01i
HD01.02i
MD01.02b
MD03.01i
ME01b
ME01.01i
ME03b
HE03.01i
ME03.01b
ME03.04i
LE06.01I
MF01i
MF02b
HF02.03i
HF03.01i
HF03.02.03b
LG01.04.03I
LG05.04I
HG05.07b
LG05.07I
LG05.09I
LG05.11b
MH01Xb
HH01b
HH01.01b
HH01.03i
HH01.05b
HH01.08b
HH03.03b
MI03.01b
HJ02.01.02i
HJ02.01.02b
HJ02.03.01b
MJ02.03.02b
LJ02.03.02i
LJ02.05b
MJ02.05.05b
MJ02.06.01b
MJ03.01b
HJ03.01b
MJ03.02b
HJ03.02.01b
MJ03.02.01b
LJ03.02.03b
HK03.06I
HM01.01b
HM02.01b
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA04i
HD01.01i
MF01i
LUb

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR955.61

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Platania (Komninis-Renginiou-Kamenon Vourlon)*0.10
GR95Oros Kallidromou (Thermopylon)*0.07
GR95Ekvoles Spercheiou-Anthlili-Roditsa+2.50
GR95Goulina (Palaiovrachas-Kallitheas-Spercheiadas)*0.18
GR95Gefyra Spercheiou (Magoula Karali-Lianokladiou-Ladikou-Zileftou-Rodonias)+2.73
GR95Profitis Ilias-Afrati (Lamias)*0.03

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Platania (Komninis-Renginiou-Kamenon Vourlon)*0.10
Oros Kallidromou (Thermopylon)*0.07
Ekvoles Spercheiou-Anthlili-Roditsa+2.50
Goulina (Palaiovrachas-Kallitheas-Spercheiadas)*0.18
Gefyra Spercheiou (Magoula Karali-Lianokladiou-Ladikou-Zileftou-Rodonias)+2.73
Profitis Ilias-Afrati (Lamias)*0.03

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY