Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR2440004

1.3 Site name

ETHNIKOS DRYMOS OITIS

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-03

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1996-08
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:22.291052
Latitude:40.440961

2.2 Area [ha]

7117.5000

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR24Sterea Ellada
GR24Sterea Ellada

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
3170  info  X     0.135843  0.00 
4060  info      239.761  0.00 
4090  info      166.868  0.00 
6230  info  X     216.856  0.00 
6430  info      0.760517  0.00 
8140  info      0.159114  0.00 
8210  info      97.8447  0.00 
91M0  info      4.15871  0.00 
92A0  info      0.0956496  0.00 
92C0  info      37.3997  0.00 
9320  info      531.623  0.00 
9340  info      213.152  0.00 
9530  info  X     20.5097  0.00 
9560  info  X     120.928  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
M1308Barbastella barbastellus           
A1193Bombina variegata           
M1352Canis lupus     
R1279Elaphe quatuorlineata           
R1293Elaphe situla           
M1321Myotis emarginatus           
M1305Rhinolophus euryale           
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum           
M1302Rhinolophus mehelyi           
R1217Testudo hermanni           
R1218Testudo marginata           
M1354Ursus arctos     
P1732Veronica oetaea     225000  468000   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Abies cephalonica                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
Acer hyrcanum ssp. reginae amaliae                   
Achillea umbellata                   
Aesculus hippocastanum                   
Aethionema cordatum                   
Alkanna calliensis                   
Alkanna graeca ssp. graeca                   
Allium achaium                   
Allium hymettium                   
Allium lagarophyllum    100  150           
Allium parnassicum                   
Alyssum baldaccii                   
Alyssum doerfleri                   
Alyssum gustavssonii    120  1000           
2432Anguis fragilis                   
2432Anguis fragilis                   
Arabis subflava                   
Asperula boissieri                   
Asperula lutea                   
Asperula oetaea                   
Astragalus apollineus                   
Astragalus lacteus                   
Astragalus lacteus                   
Atropa bella-donna                   
Aubrieta gracilis                   
Aubrieta gracilis                   
2361Bufo bufo                   
2361Bufo bufo                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
Campanula delicatula                   
Campanula hawkinsiana                   
Campanula rupestris                   
Capreolus capreolus                   
Capreolus capreolus                   
Centaurea affinis ssp. pallidior                   
Centaurea nervosa ssp. promota                   
Centaurea pelia                   
Centranthus junceus                   
Cephalanthera rubra                   
Cephalanthera rubra                   
Cephalaria flava ssp. setulifera                   
Cerastium candidissimum                   
Chaerophyllum heldreichii                   
Chionomys nivalis                   
Chionomys nivalis                   
Chondrilla ramosissima                   
Cirsium heldreichii                   
Cirsium mairei                   
Colchicum graecum                   
1278Coluber caspius                   
1278Coluber caspius                   
1278Coluber caspius                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
1283Coronella austriaca                   
1283Coronella austriaca                   
1283Coronella austriaca                   
Corydalis blanda ssp. parnassica                   
Crepis hellenica                   
Cynoglottis barrelieri ssp. Serpentinicola                   
Dactylorhiza iberica                   
Dactylorhiza iberica                   
Dactylorhiza pindica                   
Dactylorhiza sambucina                   
Dactylorhiza sambucina                   
Dianthus biflorus                   
Dianthus deltoides ssp. degenii                   
Dianthus deltoides ssp. degenii                   
Dianthus haematocalyx ssp. ventricosus                   
Dianthus tymphresteus                   
Draba lacaitae                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
Echinops graecus                   
1281Elaphe longissima                   
1281Elaphe longissima                   
1281Elaphe longissima                   
Epipactis helleborine                   
Epipactis helleborine                   
Epipactis helleborine                   
Epipactis palustris                   
Epipactis palustris                   
Erysimum asperulum                   
Erysimum boryanum                   
Erysimum cephalonicum                   
Erysimum graecum                   
Erysimum parnassi                   
Euphorbia deflexa                   
Euphorbia herniariifolia                   
Fritillaria graeca var. graeca                   
Fritillaria graeca var. guicciardii                   
Fritillaria mutabilis                   
Fritillaria thessala ssp. thessala                   
Galium circae                   
Galium citraceum                   
Galium incanum ssp. incanum                   
Galium thymifolium                   
Genista millii                   
Gymnadenia conopsea                   
Gymnadenia rhellicani                   
Halacsyella parnassica                   
Helictotrichon aetolicum                   
Helictotrichon convolutum ssp. heldreichii                   
Hieracium leithneri                   
Hieracium scapigerum                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
Inula verbascifolia ssp. parnassica                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1263Lacerta viridis                   
1263Lacerta viridis                   
1263Lacerta viridis                   
Lactuca intricata                   
Laserpitium pseudomeum                   
Lepus europaeus                   
Lepus europaeus                   
Lilium martagon                   
Linum punctatum ssp. pycnophyllum                   
Lysimachia serpyllifolia                   
Malcolmia graeca ssp. bicolor                   
Malcolmia orsiniana ssp. angulifolia                   
Marrubium velutinum                   
Minuartia confusa                   
Minuartia eurytanica                   
Moltkia petraea                   
Morina persica                   
1314Myotis daubentonii                   
1314Myotis daubentonii                   
1314Myotis daubentonii                   
Narcissus poeticus ssp. poeticus                   
2469Natrix natrix                   
2469Natrix natrix                   
Neottia ovata                   
Neottia ovata                   
Neurotropis platycarpa    100  150           
Odontites linkii ssp. linkii                   
Onobrychis ebenoides                   
Onosma erecta ssp. erecta                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
Orchis laxiflora                   
Orchis laxiflora                   
Orchis mascula                   
Orchis mascula                   
Orchis pallens                   
Orchis pallens                   
Orchis quadripunctata                   
Orchis quadripunctata                   
Orchis tridentata                   
Orchis tridentata                   
1057Parnassius apollo                   
1057Parnassius apollo                   
Paronychia albanica ssp.graeca                   
5363Pelophylax kurtmuelleri                   
5363Pelophylax kurtmuelleri                   
Petasites anapetrovianus                   
Petrorhagia fasciculata                   
Petrorhagia phthiotica                   
Platanthera chlorantha                   
Platanthera chlorantha                   
Plebejus pylaon                   
Poa thessala                   
1238Podarcis erhardii                   
1238Podarcis erhardii                   
1238Podarcis erhardii                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
Podospermum roseum ssp. peristericum                   
Prunus prostrata                   
Pterocephalus perennis                   
1209Rana dalmatina                   
1209Rana dalmatina                   
1209Rana dalmatina                   
1208Rana graeca                   
1208Rana graeca                   
1208Rana graeca                   
Ranunculus ficarioides                   
Rhinanthus pubescens                   
Rindera graeca                   
1849Ruscus aculeatus                   
2351Salamandra salamandra                   
2351Salamandra salamandra                   
Saxifraga sibthorpii                   
Scabiosa taygetea ssp. taygetea                   
Sciurus vulgaris                   
Sciurus vulgaris                   
Scrophularia heterophylla var. heterophylla                   
Scutellaria rupestris ssp. adenotricha                   
Sedum apoleipon                   
Sedum laconicum ssp. laconicum                   
Serapias vomeracea                   
Serapias vomeracea                   
Sternbergia colchiciflora                   
Sus scrofa                   
Sus scrofa                   
Taraxacum gionense                   
Teucrium flavum ssp. gymnocalyx                   
Thersamonia thetis                   
Thymus hartvigi ssp. hartvigi                   
Thymus hartvigi ssp. macrocalyx                   
Tragopogon brevirostris ssp. longifolius                   
Trinia frigida                   
2353Triturus alpestris                   
2353Triturus alpestris                   
Verbascum epixanthinum                   
Verbascum speciosum ssp. megaphlomos                   
Veronica chamaedrys ssp. chamaedryoides                   
Veronica glauca ssp. peloponnesiaca                   
Veronica thymifolia                   
Vicia cretica                   
Viola graeca                   
Viola poetica                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover

0

Other Site Characteristics

The site is on the mountain of Oiti. It covers some of the highest peaks of the mountain (all of them above 2000 m), but not the highest one, called Pyrgos (2152 m), which is not included in the National Forest. The main parent rock material of the mountain is the limestone. This is the reason why carstic formations of great aesthetic value are widespread in the site; the nature of the parent rock material has led to the formation of numerous caves in and around the site. The most famous of all is that of Anemotrypa (Spilaio Anemotrypas), above the village of Ypati, at the north-western part of the site. In the core of the National Park there is a small alpine plateau, Leivadeies, with interesting herbaceous vegetation and with a pond which floods during the summer months in its centre. The vegetation of the site is dominated by endemic greek fir, Abies cephalonica, forests (habitat type not included in Annex I of the Directive 92/43/CEE, Corine 91 code 42.18). Another two habitat types, not included in Annex I are the Trifoliun parnassi associations (36.35 in CORINE 1991) and the greek supra-mediterranean humid meadows (37.61 in CORINE 1991). At lower altitudes the vegetation is being replaced by Quercus frainetto forests and maquis vegetation which is dominated by moderately grazed Quercus coccifera tall shrubs. At the higher peaks the vegetation is the typical vegetation of the alpine zone of Central Greece. A small association of Pinus pallasiana ssp. nigra (Palla's pine) is found at the north-eastern part of the site. NOTE ON BIOGEOGRAPHIC REGION: Oiti mountain (Pyrgos 2152 m), characterized by Greek fir forest and by Trifolion resupinati and Trifoliun parnassi, could be considered part of the continental biogeographic region.

4.2 Quality and importance

The National Forest of Mt. Oiti is regarded as one of the best national forests of Greece, both in terms of ecological importance and of status of management. It was founded in 1966 for the conservation of the mountain's unique flora and wildlife in general. Recently, the national park has been designated as a Special Protection Area (SPA) for birds. As shown on the section of "other important species", until now many greek endemic taxa have been included in the flora of the site, some of them being protected by the greek law. Furthermore, many balkan endemics are found in the area of the site. The fauna of the site is also of great importance, as it includes species of Annex II (Rupicapra rupicapra balcanica, Aquila chrysaetos, Bubo bubo etc.), an endemic lizard (Podarcis erchardi erchardi) and some endemic invertebrates.The most striking characteristic of the wildlife of the site in question is the existence of a great variety of habitats in a rather small area. Several types of habitats have been noted, three of them not included in Annex I of Directive 92/43/EEC. The highest peaks are typical of the central greek alpine zone and it is at those elevations that the majority of the endemic taxa grow. Of great ecological importance is the plateau at Leivadies with some types of grasslands and an amazing variety of plants and insects and with the temporary pond, which provides niche to an important population of Triturus alpestris. In addition, the Pinus nigra association is of great ecological importance because of its isolation from the rest P. nigra forests of Central Greece. The caves formed in the mountain are of spilaiologic interest, especially the cave of Anemotrypa; yet, a great deal of research has to be done in order to provide the necessary information for the evaluation of the importance of those caves. The mountain of Oiti is closely related to Greek history, both modern and ancient. It was in that area that an important part of the fights during the greek revolution (1821-1827) and the German occupation (1941-1944) took place. It was during the late Byzantine period that Ypati met its greatest development - the impressive monastery of Agathonas was constructed during that era. Finally, it was on the highest peak of Oiti that Hercule was supposed to have put an end to his life and to have given his weapons to Philoctitis. Temples for Hercule and Diana are believed to have been built there but no remains of them can be seen nowadays. In the monastery of Agathonas there is a small Natural History museum. This museum provides basic information on the wildlife of mountain Oiti, thus contributing to the environmental awareness of the public. OTHER IMPORTANT SPECIES WITH MOTIVATION DPLANTS: Asperula lutea, Asperula oetaea, Chaerophyllum heldreichii, Cirsium mairei (rare, IUCN 1993), Genista millii, Viola poetica, are greek endemic taxa that are protected by the Presidential Decree 67/81.Allium phthioticum, Astragalus lacteus are balkan endemic taxa protected by the Presidential Decree 67/81. Barbarea sicula is included in the IUCN list in the category of threatened plants as «vulnerable». Alyssum doefleri is a balkan endemic with Oiti being its southernmost station and it is protected by the Presidential Decree 67/81. This species is protected by the Presidential Decree 67/81 and considered «vulnerable» in Greece and in Europe (IUCN, 1993). Helictotrichon aetolium, Knautia magnifica, Minuartia stellata, Poa thessala, are taxa endemic to the Balkan peninsula. Alyssum pulvinare, is a balkan endemic, the main distribution of which is in Romania and Bulgaria. The alpine population of Oiti is of unknown origin and is unique in Greece (and in Europe). Linum punctatum ssp. pycnophyllum are taxa of east-mediterranean distribution, so that Greece is the only european country where they are found. ANIMALS:Dryomys nitedula Sciurus vulgaris Triturus alpestris, Bufo viridis, Rana graeca, Lacerta viridis, Malpolon monspessulanus, Podarcis muralis, Podarcis erchardi, Coronella austriaca, are vertabrate species which are protected by the Presidential Decree 67/81. Agrodiaetus admetus Parnassius Apollo, Thersamonia thetis, are invertebrate species, which are protected by the Presidential Decree 67/81. C.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA01o
LA04i
MA04o
MA04.01b
MA04.02.01b
MA04.02.02b
MA04.02.04b
MA04.03b
MC01.04.01b
LC01.04.02o
LD01.01i
MD01.02b
MD02.01o
LD02.01i
ME01o
ME03.01o
HF03.01o
MF03.01i
LF03.02.01i
HF03.02.03b
HF04i
MF05.04b
MG01.08i
MH06.01b
MI03.01b
MJ03.01b
HJ03.01.01b
HK03.06b
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA04.02i
LD01.01i
LD02.01i
MD02.01o
MG01.08i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR0549.67
GR1150.33
GR955.04
IN0149.67

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Skasmeni Frantzi-Dyo Vounon*5.04
GR05Oiti*49.67
GR11Oiti*50.33

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Skasmeni Frantzi-Dyo Vounon*5.04
Oiti*49.67
Oiti*50.33

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:1. FOREST SERVICE OF LAMIA, 2. MANAGEMENT BODY OF “ETHNIKOS DRYMOS OITIS”
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY