Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

GR2440005

1.3 Site name

KATO ROUS KAI EKVOLES SPERCHEIOU POTAMOU

1.4 First Compilation date

1997-02

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:1997-02
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/6-9-2010 (OJ 1495 B)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:23.433056
Latitude:38.705833

2.2 Area [ha]

10990.5400

2.3 Marine area [%]

28.2000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR24Sterea Ellada

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA402Accipiter brevipes           
BA293Acrocephalus melanopogon    10  10         
BA168Actitis hypoleucos           
BA168Actitis hypoleucos       
BA247Alauda arvensis           
BA247Alauda arvensis    250  250     
BA229Alcedo atthis       
BA229Alcedo atthis           
BA054Anas acuta    50  100     
BA704Anas crecca crecca    1500  1500     
BA050Anas penelope           
BA050Anas penelope    1000  1000     
BA705Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos    16  16     
BA705Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos    130  150     
BA705Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos    200  200     
BA703Anas strepera strepera    34  34     
BA703Anas strepera strepera    41  41     
BA394Anser albifrons albifrons    62  62     
BA043Anser anser           
BA042Anser erythropus           
BA255Anthus campestris           
BA090Aquila clanga       
BA699Ardea cinerea cinerea    50  50     
BA699Ardea cinerea cinerea    150  150     
BA634Ardea purpurea purpurea           
BA635Ardeola ralloides ralloides           
BA635Ardeola ralloides ralloides       
BA222Asio flammeus           
BA061Aythya fuligula    15  20     
BA061Aythya fuligula    26  26     
BA060Aythya nyroca    10     
BA688Botaurus stellaris stellaris       
BA396Branta ruficollis           
BA215Bubo bubo       
BA133Burhinus oedicnemus           
BA087Buteo buteo           
BA087Buteo buteo               
BA087Buteo buteo    10  10         
BA403Buteo rufinus           
BA403Buteo rufinus           
BA403Buteo rufinus       
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla    80  80         
BA144Calidris alba    10  10     
BA672Calidris alpina alpina    500  500     
BA147Calidris ferruginea    500  500     
BA145Calidris minuta    27  27     
BA145Calidris minuta    50  50     
BA146Calidris temminckii           
BA727Charadrius (Eudromias) morinellus             
BA682Charadrius alexandrinus alexandrinus    15  15     
BA682Charadrius alexandrinus alexandrinus    20  20     
BA137Charadrius hiaticula           
BA734Chlidonias hybrida       
BA198Chlidonias leucopterus    10  10     
BA197Chlidonias niger    20  20     
BA667Ciconia ciconia ciconia           
BA667Ciconia ciconia ciconia    22  22     
BA030Ciconia nigra           
BA080Circaetus gallicus       
BA081Circus aeruginosus           
BA081Circus aeruginosus    12  12     
BA082Circus cyaneus       
BA084Circus pygargus       
BA231Coracias garrulus       
BA113Coturnix coturnix    10  10         
BA122Crex crex               
BA038Cygnus cygnus       
BA036Cygnus olor    46  46     
BA738Delichon urbicum (urbica)               
BA239Dendrocopos leucotos               
BA429Dendrocopos syriacus               
BA698Egretta alba (Casmerodius albus albus)    19  19     
BA698Egretta alba (Casmerodius albus albus)    150  150     
BA697Egretta garzetta garzetta    31  31     
BA697Egretta garzetta garzetta    15  15     
BA697Egretta garzetta garzetta    70  70     
BA697Egretta garzetta garzetta    35  35     
BA101Falco biarmicus       
BA511Falco cherrug       
BA098Falco columbarius       
BA100Falco eleonorae           
BA095Falco naumanni    15  15     
BA709Falco peregrinus brookei               
BA709Falco peregrinus brookei           
BA097Falco vespertinus    30  30     
BA321Ficedula albicollis    250  250     
BA442Ficedula semitorquata    100  100     
BA723Fulica atra atra    200  250     
BA723Fulica atra atra    27  27     
BA153Gallinago gallinago    20  20     
BA689Gavia arctica arctica       
BA625Glareola pratincola pratincola           
BA625Glareola pratincola pratincola    20  20     
BA130Haematopus ostralegus           
BA130Haematopus ostralegus           
BA130Haematopus ostralegus    10         
BA131Himantopus himantopus               
BA131Himantopus himantopus    10  20         
BA251Hirundo rustica           
BA617Ixobrychus minutus minutus       
BA338Lanius collurio               
BA338Lanius collurio    10  10         
BA179Larus (Chroicocephalus) ridibundus    500  500     
BA177Larus (Hydrocoloeus) minutus           
BA177Larus (Hydrocoloeus) minutus           
BA180Larus genei           
BA180Larus genei       
BA176Larus melanocephalus           
BA176Larus melanocephalus    10  10     
BA614Limosa limosa limosa    50  50     
BA614Limosa limosa limosa    10  10     
BA246Lullula arborea           
BA246Lullula arborea    100  100     
BA242Melanocorypha calandra           
BA767Mergellus albellus           
BA069Mergus serrator       
BA069Mergus serrator    21  21     
BA230Merops apiaster           
BA073Milvus migrans               
BA073Milvus migrans           
BA260Motacilla flava    20  20         
BA768Numenius arquata arquata    250  250     
BA159Numenius tenuirostris           
BA610Nycticorax nycticorax nycticorax    10  10     
BA071Oxyura leucocephala           
BA094Pandion haliaetus       
BA094Pandion haliaetus       
BA771Passer hispaniolensis           
BA020Pelecanus crispus               
BA020Pelecanus crispus           
BA019Pelecanus onocrotalus       
BA072Pernis apivorus       
BA072Pernis apivorus           
BA391Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis    100  100     
BA393Phalacrocorax pygmaeus               
BA393Phalacrocorax pygmaeus               
BA151Philomachus pugnax    100  100     
BA663Phoenicopterus roseus           
BA663Phoenicopterus roseus    350  350     
BA607Platalea leucorodia leucorodia    31  31     
BA700Plegadis falcinellus falcinellus    20  20     
BA140Pluvialis apricaria    50  50     
BA141Pluvialis squatarola    40  40     
BA691Podiceps cristatus cristatus    50  50     
BA692Podiceps nigricollis nigricollis    15         
BA132Recurvirostra avosetta    50  60     
BA132Recurvirostra avosetta    400  400     
BA249Riparia riparia           
BA249Riparia riparia           
BA731Sterna (Gelochelidon) nilotica nilotica           
BA732Sterna (Hydroprogne) caspia caspia               
BA732Sterna (Hydroprogne) caspia caspia           
BA631Sterna (Sternula) albifrons albifrons    30  30     
BA191Sterna (Thalasseus) sandvicensis       
BA193Sterna hirundo    20  20     
BA210Streptopelia turtur               
BA048Tadorna tadorna    40  50     
BA048Tadorna tadorna    450  450     
BA161Tringa erythropus    50  50     
BA161Tringa erythropus    24  24     
BA166Tringa glareola    50  50     
BA164Tringa nebularia           
BA164Tringa nebularia    20  20     
BA165Tringa ochropus       
BA165Tringa ochropus           
BA162Tringa totanus       
BA162Tringa totanus    15  15     
BA162Tringa totanus    20  30     
BA162Tringa totanus    100  100     
BA142Vanellus vanellus    124  124     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
A067Bucephala clangula                   
A067Bucephala clangula                   
A067Bucephala clangula                   
A726Charadrius dubius curonicus    10  10             
A726Charadrius dubius curonicus    50  60             
A726Charadrius dubius curonicus                   
A726Charadrius dubius curonicus    10  10             
A726Charadrius dubius curonicus    50  60             
A726Charadrius dubius curonicus                   
A726Charadrius dubius curonicus    10  10             
A726Charadrius dubius curonicus    50  60             
A726Charadrius dubius curonicus                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A641Larus fuscus intermedius                   
A641Larus fuscus intermedius                   
A058Netta rufina               
A058Netta rufina               
A058Netta rufina               
A690Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis    16  16             
A690Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis               
A690Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis    79  79             
A690Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis    16  16             
A690Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis               
A690Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis    79  79             
A690Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis    16  16             
A690Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis               
A690Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis    79  79             
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0127.71
N020.31
N037.13
N046.93
N061.12
N083.80
N093.97
N125.24
N137.68
N1527.68
N166.01
N212.31
N230.12

Total Habitat Cover

100.00999999999999

Other Site Characteristics

Maliakos Bay covers about 9,000 ha. It is a small enclosed embayment connected to the Aegean Sea and N. Evoikos Gulf by two small openings on the east. In the outer eastern part the average depth is 30 m and in the inner western part it does not exceed 25 m; the bottom is covered mostly by soft sediments. Spercheios River meets the sea in the SW corner of the bay. The innermost part of the bay close to the mouth of the river is the shallowest one.The town of Stylida is located on the NW side of the bay. Its port is the most important in the bay, hosting cargo ship and fishing boats. The fishing activity of the bay is conducted by registered fishing boats. Fish and shellfish production of the bay is high. There are fishing restrictions for the inner part (nearly half of the total of the bay). The estuary and its surrounding area forms a diverse landscape. There are two types of natural vegetation. The first one is located along the river bank while the second covers the area of the salt meadows. The former is dominated by Salix sp., Populus sp., Rubus sp., Agnus sp., Phragmites spp., Typha sp. and the latter by Phragmites australis close to the river and by Arthrocremnum sp., Tamarix sp. and Salicornia sp. in the rest of the area. Most the area outside the core is intensively cultivated-mainly ricefields. The land around the estuary is occupied mainly by dry cropland and grasslands while a small portion is covered by olive trees..Around the estuary there are ten villages ; most of their residents are occupied chiefly by agricultural labour. The last part of the estuary, close to the mouth of the river and where the land meets the sea, forms a shallow lagoon-like embayment called Livari; the depth in the biggest part of it is 5m. Here hunting is forbidden by law.Hunting is also illegal in the estuary and its neighbouring parishes.

4.2 Quality and importance

The quality and importance of the site is focused on the following reasons:a) Maliakos Bay supports a significant fish and shellfish production; there is also a very good potential for the development of aquaculture.b) Livari, the innermost part of Maliakos Bay, is a natural sea park for the reproduction of fish and the development of their juvenilles). The estuary of Spercheios River offers ideal environmental parameters for many species of the avifauna many of which are protected. Actually, the estuary has been characterised as an Important Bird Area (IBA).

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA01i
LA04i
HA07i
HA08i
HA09i
MC03.03b
HD01.01i
LD01.02i
MD03.01i
ME03.01i
ME03.04i
MF01i
MF02.03i
MF03.01i
MJ02.01.02i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA04i
MD01.01i
MF01i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR9513.78
IN0695.75

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Ekvoles Spercheiou-Anthlili-Roditsa+10.84
GR95Gefyra Spercheiou (Magoula Karali-Lianokladiou-Ladikou-Zileftou-Rodonias)*2.94

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Ekvoles Spercheiou-Anthlili-Roditsa+10.84
Gefyra Spercheiou (Magoula Karali-Lianokladiou-Ladikou-Zileftou-Rodonias)*2.94

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:1. FOREST DIRECTORATE OF FTHIOTIDA, 2. DIRECTORATE OF AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF FTHIOTIDA, 3. FISHERIES DIRECTORATE OF FTHIOTIDA
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY