Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR2440006

1.3 Site name

OROS KALLIDROMO

1.4 First Compilation date

2002-03

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:2002-03
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:22.552778
Latitude:38.767778

2.2 Area [ha]

6734.4600

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR24Sterea Ellada

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1410  info      0.0944335  0.00 
3170  info  X     11.6644  0.00 
5210  info      0.00         
5420  info      0.00         
62A0  info      29.1514  0.00 
6420  info      163.854  0.00 
6430  info      106.247  0.00 
8140  info      0.00         
8210  info      9.28929  0.00 
91M0  info      80.9805  0.00 
92C0  info      82.9394  0.00 
9320  info      14.3846  0.00 
9340  info      1323.88  0.00 
9530  info  X     1261.92  0.00 
9540  info      0.789238  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
A1193Bombina variegata           
M1352Canis lupus           
R1220Emys orbicularis           
P2327Himantoglossum caprinum    60  60   
M1355Lutra lutra           
M1371Rupicapra rupicapra balcanica             
R1217Testudo hermanni           
R1218Testudo marginata           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii    500  5000           
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii    500  5000           
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii    500  5000           
Anguis fragilis                   
Anguis fragilis                   
Aubrieta gracilis                   
Aubrieta gracilis                   
Bolanthus thymifolius                   
1201Bufo viridis      1000           
1201Bufo viridis      1000           
1201Bufo viridis      1000           
Centaurea affinis ssp. laconiae                   
Cephalanthera rubra                   
Cephalanthera rubra                   
Colchicum boissieri                   
Crocus sieberi ssp. sublimis                   
Crocus veluchensis                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
1281Elaphe longissima                 
1281Elaphe longissima                 
1281Elaphe longissima                 
Erysimum asperulum                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
Galium melanantherum                   
1203Hyla arborea    100  1000           
1203Hyla arborea    100  1000           
1203Hyla arborea    100  1000           
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
1251Lacerta trilineata      10000           
1251Lacerta trilineata      10000           
1251Lacerta trilineata      10000           
Myosurus minimus                   
Natrix natrix                   
Natrix natrix                   
Onosma stridii                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                 
1269Ophisaurus apodus                 
1269Ophisaurus apodus                 
Ophrys helenae                   
Ophrys helenae                   
Orchis fragrans                   
Orchis pallens                   
Orchis pallens                   
Orchis palustris                   
Orchis palustris                   
Orobanche rechingeri                   
5363Pelophylax kurtmuelleri      1000           
5363Pelophylax kurtmuelleri      1000           
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
1238Podarcis erhardii      10000           
1238Podarcis erhardii      10000           
1238Podarcis erhardii      10000           
1256Podarcis muralis      10000           
1256Podarcis muralis      10000           
1256Podarcis muralis      10000           
Polygonum papillosum                   
1209Rana dalmatina    1001  5000           
1209Rana dalmatina    1001  5000           
1209Rana dalmatina    1001  5000           
1208Rana graeca      5000           
1208Rana graeca      5000           
1208Rana graeca      5000           
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
2353Triturus alpestris      5000           
2353Triturus alpestris      5000           
Viola graeca                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N060.10
N0834.00
N091.00
N160.40
N1746.50
N1815.00
N223.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

Mediterranean matorral, phrygana and tall maquis formations, develop mainly at the lower slopes of the mountain. The phrygana (habitat type 5420) are characterized by rockroses (Cistus sp.), thyme (Corydothymus capitatus), sage (Salvia fruticosa) and spurges. Holm oak (Quercus ilex) arborescent matorral and forest extend at several parts of the site, especially at N-facing slopes. Their understorey is characterized by shrubs such as the sumach (Rhus cotinus), maples (Acer spp.), terebinth (Pistacia terebinthus) and by typical maquis shrubs, kermes oak (Quercus coccifera), lentisc (Pistacia lentiscus). The kermes oak (Quercus coccifera) dominates the maquis at drier stations. Quercus pubescens also forms pure stands at places. Other shrubs participating in the maquis are wild roses (Rosa sp.), strawberry trees (Arbutus unedo, Arbutus adrachne), hop hornbeam (Ostrya carpinifollia), spanish broom (Spartium junceum), honeysuckls (Lonicera sp.).A large part of the site is covered by conifer forest ecosystems. At the lower altitudes there are natural aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis) forests (habitat type 9540). At the higher altitudes Pinus nigra (habitat type 9536) and Abies cephalonica (the endemic greek fir) form pure (at the most part) and also mixed forests. The black pine forests develop on dolomitic substrates. Notably, there is no intermingling with other black pine varieties since no reforestation has ever taken place in the area. Typical species in the fir forests are Helleborus cyclophyllus, Doronicum orientale, Cephalanthera rubra as well as Juniperus oxycedrus and the rather rare in Greece Ilex aquifolium. The oaks occasionally participate in the understorey while there occur various transitional zones with mixed conifer and oak forest stands. Juniperus oxycedrus also dominates in arborescent matorral (habitat type 5211) at the lower margins of the zone of the fir forest.Mountain grasslands, with a large variety of herbs and grasses as well as with abundant spiny shrubs such as Prunus spinosa and Crataegus monogyna, develop at forest openings, at altitudes circa 1000 m, on limestone and flysch. Plants participating in this vegetation are Filipendulla vulgaris, Geranium macrostylum, Papaver albiflorum, Anemone blanda and several orchids, crocuses and violets. These grasslands are: Semi-natural dry grasslands on calcareous substrates (Festuco Brometalia) (*important orchid sites). At bare rock at places such as Saroma, Kastraki, Psarou, Elafovouni, Vrachovouni there develops chasmophytic vegetation, typically with Campanula spp. (habitat type 8219), as well as scree vegetation (habitat type 8140).In ravines, at stream and torrent banks, an azonal vegetation develops with hydrophilous or shade-loving species, such as Ranunculus ficaria, Aristolochia pallida, A. rotunda, Juncus spp. And reeds. Oriental plane (Platanus orientalis) riverine woods (habitat type 92C0) exist at several sites such as Panagia, the ravines between Panagia-Mendenitsa and others. There are two natural temporary ponds in the site, a larger one at Souvala (4 ha at 1.000 m) and a smaller one at Nevropolis (2 ha at 1.100 m). There develops typical vernal pool vegetation (habitat type 3170) with species such as Myosurus minimus, Polygonum aviculare, Juncus bufonius, Ranunculus lateriflorus, Gnafalium uliginosum, Mentha cervina, Isoetes heldreichii.

4.2 Quality and importance

A most important element of the natural environment of the site is the presence of large areas of well-conserved habitats with low disturbance level.The shrub and forest ecosystems create continuous habitats for animal and flora species. The importance of the site at landscape level is enhanced by the fact that it is connected with the ecosystem of Spercheios river though the tributaries of the river which spring on Kallidromon. The site is also connected to the ecosystems of the National Park of Mountain Oiti. The flora of Mt Kallidromo has not been studied in detail. It is a well founded expectation that several important (endemic, rare) species which grow on neighboring mountains will be found there in the future, particularly due to its rather undisturbed habitats. It is notable that there is one species endemic to Kallidromo, Onosma stridii. The site also hosts some rather rare plants such as the endemics Polygonum papillosum and Ophrys helenae. Other Important Species with Motivation D Orobanche rechingeri is protected by the National legislation (Presidential Decree 67/81). Erysimum asperulum is a species with distribution limited to few mountains of mainland Greece and possibly to Albania. Colchicum boissieri is a subendemic with distribution in mainland Greece and Turkey. Myosurus minimus is a rare species with disjunct distribution. Aubrieta gracilis, Crocus veluchensis and Crocus sieberi ssp. sublimis are balkan endemics.The importance of the site as far as fauna is concerned, lies in the fact that a) a number of birds of prey breed in the area, b) the wolf seems to gradually return to the area, c) the site holds a significant number of amphibian species including the alpine newt. All the species (except the hedgehog and Saturnia pyri) that have been included in the Other Important Species list are protected by the Bern Convention. Twelve species are also protected by national legislation. Oros (Mountain) Kallidromo is almost untouched by grave human interference, especially big construction projects. Ét also holds considerable conifer forests characterized by maturity and primeval texture. Mediterranean matorral, phrygana and tall maquis formations are very representative as well. Of great importance is the presence of very old Pinus nigra trees with their flattened tops of the canopy and long, broad branches, as well as Abies cephallonica and oak trees. The presence of water, especially in two natural temporary ponds as well as in springs, streams and torrents, creates interesting biotopes as well as landscapes of unrivalled quality and natural beauty. The landscape, especially in the area of the two natural ponds, is very rare in Greece. The area of the site has panoramic view towards Mounts Oiti and Othris, Sperchios wetland and estuary, Maliakos gulf and northern part of Evia island. Many archaeological sites and historic monuments are situated in and around the site (Thermopiles battle area, Mendenitsa medieval castle, Damasta monastery etc.).

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA01i
MA04.03I
HA07o
MA08o
MA10.01b
MBi
LC01.04.01o
MD01.02o
LD01.02i
LD01.06o
MD02.01o
MD05o
LD05i
HE01.03o
LE01.03i
LE03.01i
ME03.01o
HF03.01i
MF03.01I
HF03.02.03I
LG01i
MG01.03o
LG01.03i
MJ01o
LJ02i
HJ03.01.01I
HK03.06I
HL09i
ML09b
LUb
LXb
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA01i
MA04.03i
MBi
LC01.04.01o
LD01.06o
MJ01o
LJ02i
LUb

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR9529.31

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Aetofolia-Pournares (Xylikon)*1.10
GR95Oros Kallidromou (Thermopylon)*28.21

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Aetofolia-Pournares (Xylikon)*1.10
Oros Kallidromou (Thermopylon)*28.21

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY