Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

GR2440007

1.3 Site name

ETHNIKOS DRYMOS OITIS - KOILADA ASOPOU

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-03

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:1987-10
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/6-9-2010 (OJ 1495 B)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:22.336389
Latitude:38.826111

2.2 Area [ha]

13211.2800

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR24Sterea Ellada
GR24Sterea Ellada

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA402Accipiter brevipes     
BA223Aegolius funereus     
BA247Alauda arvensis    10  20   
BA229Alcedo atthis           
BA465Alectoris graeca graeca      15   
BA255Anthus campestris    20  40   
BA257Anthus pratensis           
BA259Anthus spinoletta           
BA256Anthus trivialis      10   
BA228Apus (Tachymarptis) melba           
BA226Apus apus           
BA227Apus pallidus           
BA091Aquila chrysaetos       
BA221Asio otus           
BA215Bubo bubo     
BA087Buteo buteo       
BA403Buteo rufinus     
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla           
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus           
BA030Ciconia nigra     
BA080Circaetus gallicus     
BA081Circus aeruginosus           
BA082Circus cyaneus           
BA083Circus macrourus           
BA084Circus pygargus           
BA231Coracias garrulus           
BA113Coturnix coturnix           
BA212Cuculus canorus           
BA738Delichon urbicum (urbica)           
BA239Dendrocopos leucotos      25   
BA238Dendrocopos medius      15   
BA429Dendrocopos syriacus           
BA236Dryocopus martius    40  60   
BA447Emberiza caesia           
BA379Emberiza hortulana     
BA382Emberiza melanocephala           
BA269Erithacus rubecula           
BA100Falco eleonorae           
BA095Falco naumanni           
BA709Falco peregrinus brookei     
BA099Falco subbuteo           
BA097Falco vespertinus           
BA321Ficedula albicollis           
BA322Ficedula hypoleuca           
BA320Ficedula parva           
BA442Ficedula semitorquata           
BA657Fringilla coelebs           
BA076Gypaetus barbatus           
BA078Gyps fulvus           
BA092Hieraaetus pennatus (Aquila pennata)     
BA740Hippolais (iduna) pallida           
BA299Hippolais icterina           
BA439Hippolais olivetorum           
BA252Hirundo daurica           
BA251Hirundo rustica           
BA233Jynx torquilla           
BA338Lanius collurio    40  60   
BA339Lanius minor           
BA341Lanius senator     
BA246Lullula arborea    20  40   
BA271Luscinia megarhynchos           
BA230Merops apiaster           
BA280Monticola saxatilis     
BA262Motacilla alba           
BA261Motacilla cinerea           
BA260Motacilla flava           
BA319Muscicapa striata           
BA077Neophron percnopterus           
BA278Oenanthe hispanica           
BA277Oenanthe oenanthe    20  30   
BA337Oriolus oriolus           
BA214Otus scops           
BA771Passer hispaniolensis           
BA072Pernis apivorus     
BA273Phoenicurus ochruros      10   
BA274Phoenicurus phoenicurus           
BA315Phylloscopus collybita           
BA314Phylloscopus sibilatrix           
BA316Phylloscopus trochilus           
BA234Picus canus    10  20   
BA249Riparia riparia           
BA275Saxicola rubetra           
BA210Streptopelia turtur           
BA351Sturnus vulgaris           
BA310Sylvia borin           
BA770Sylvia cantillans           
BA309Sylvia communis           
BA308Sylvia curruca    20  40   
BA440Sylvia rueppelli           
BA283Turdus merula           
BA285Turdus philomelos           
BA282Turdus torquatus           
BA232Upupa epops           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
A619Accipiter gentilis gentilis             
A619Accipiter gentilis gentilis             
A619Accipiter gentilis gentilis             
A633Accipiter nisus               
A633Accipiter nisus               
A633Accipiter nisus               
A324Aegithalos caudatus                   
A324Aegithalos caudatus                   
A324Aegithalos caudatus                   
A218Athene noctua                   
A218Athene noctua                   
A366Carduelis cannabina                   
A366Carduelis cannabina                   
A364Carduelis carduelis                   
A364Carduelis carduelis                   
A745Carduelis chloris                   
A745Carduelis chloris                   
A365Carduelis spinus                   
A365Carduelis spinus                   
A739Cercotrichas (Erythropygia) galactotes                   
A739Cercotrichas (Erythropygia) galactotes                   
A739Cercotrichas (Erythropygia) galactotes                   
A637Certhia brachydactyla                   
A637Certhia brachydactyla                   
A288Cettia cetti                   
A288Cettia cetti                   
A264Cinclus cinclus                   
A264Cinclus cinclus                   
A289Cisticola juncidis                   
A289Cisticola juncidis                   
A373Coccothraustes coccothraustes                   
A373Coccothraustes coccothraustes                   
A206Columba livia                   
A206Columba livia                   
A206Columba livia                   
A207Columba oenas                   
A207Columba oenas                   
A207Columba oenas                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus    10           
A687Columba palumbus palumbus    10           
A350Corvus corax                   
A350Corvus corax                   
A348Corvus frugilegus                   
A348Corvus frugilegus                   
A347Corvus monedula                   
A347Corvus monedula                   
A658Dendrocopos major                   
A658Dendrocopos major                   
A240Dendrocopos minor             
A240Dendrocopos minor             
A378Emberiza cia                   
A378Emberiza cia                   
A377Emberiza cirlus                   
A377Emberiza cirlus                   
A376Emberiza citrinella                   
A376Emberiza citrinella                   
A096Falco tinnunculus               
A096Falco tinnunculus               
A096Falco tinnunculus               
A360Fringilla montifringilla                   
A360Fringilla montifringilla                   
A360Fringilla montifringilla                   
A244Galerida cristata                   
A244Galerida cristata                   
A244Galerida cristata                   
A342Garrulus glandarius                   
A342Garrulus glandarius                   
A737Hirundo (Ptyonoprogne) rupestris                   
A737Hirundo (Ptyonoprogne) rupestris                   
A655Lanius excubitor meridionalis                   
A655Lanius excubitor meridionalis                   
A655Lanius excubitor meridionalis                   
A604Larus michahellis                   
A604Larus michahellis                   
A604Larus michahellis                   
A369Loxia curvirostra                   
A369Loxia curvirostra                   
A746Miliaria (Emberiza) calandra                   
A746Miliaria (Emberiza) calandra                   
A281Monticola solitarius                   
A281Monticola solitarius                   
A329Parus (Cyanistes) caeruleus                   
A329Parus (Cyanistes) caeruleus                   
A327Parus cristatus                   
A327Parus cristatus                   
A327Parus cristatus                   
A443Parus lugubris                   
A443Parus lugubris                   
A443Parus lugubris                   
A330Parus major                   
A330Parus major                   
A326Parus montanus                   
A326Parus montanus                   
A326Parus montanus                   
A325Parus palustris                   
A325Parus palustris                   
A325Parus palustris                   
A620Passer domesticus                   
A620Passer domesticus                   
A356Passer montanus                   
A356Passer montanus                   
A356Passer montanus                   
A656Periparus ater                   
A656Periparus ater                   
A357Petronia petronia                   
A357Petronia petronia                   
A313Phylloscopus bonelli                   
A313Phylloscopus bonelli                   
A343Pica pica                   
A343Pica pica                   
A235Picus viridis    10           
A235Picus viridis    10           
A267Prunella collaris                   
A267Prunella collaris                   
A266Prunella modularis               
A266Prunella modularis               
A345Pyrrhocorax graculus                   
A345Pyrrhocorax graculus                   
A372Pyrrhula pyrrhula                   
A372Pyrrhula pyrrhula                   
A372Pyrrhula pyrrhula                   
A318Regulus ignicapilla                   
A318Regulus ignicapilla                   
A317Regulus regulus                   
A317Regulus regulus                   
A276Saxicola (torquatus) rubicola      10           
A276Saxicola (torquatus) rubicola      10           
A155Scolopax rusticola                   
A155Scolopax rusticola                   
A361Serinus serinus                   
A361Serinus serinus                   
A332Sitta europaea                   
A332Sitta europaea                   
A445Sitta neumayer                   
A445Sitta neumayer                   
A209Streptopelia decaocto                   
A209Streptopelia decaocto                   
A219Strix aluco                   
A219Strix aluco                   
A352Sturnus unicolor                   
A352Sturnus unicolor                   
A311Sylvia atricapilla                   
A311Sylvia atricapilla                   
A306Sylvia hortensis                   
A306Sylvia hortensis                   
A306Sylvia hortensis                   
A305Sylvia melanocephala                   
A305Sylvia melanocephala                   
A333Tichodroma muraria                   
A333Tichodroma muraria                   
A676Troglodytes troglodytes                   
A676Troglodytes troglodytes                   
A287Turdus viscivorus                   
A287Turdus viscivorus                   
A213Tyto alba                   
A213Tyto alba                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover

0

Other Site Characteristics

The site is on the mountain of Oiti. It covers some of the highest peaks of the mountain (all of them above 2000 m), but not the highest one, called Pyrgos (2152 m), which is not included in the National Forest. The main parent rock material of the mountain is the limestone. This is the reason why carstic formations of great aesthetic value are widespread in the site; the nature of the parent rock material has led to the formation of numerous caves in and around the site. The most famous of all is that of Anemotrypa (Spilaio Anemotrypas), above the village of Ypati, at the north-western part of the site. In the core of the National Park there is a small alpine plateau, Leivadeies, with interesting herbaceous vegetation and with a pond which floods during the summer months in its centre. The vegetation of the site is dominated by endemic greek fir, Abies cephalonica, forests (habitat type not included in Annex I of the Directive 92/43/CEE, Corine 91 code 42.18). Another two habitat types, not included in Annex I are the Trifoliun parnassi associations (36.35 in CORINE 1991) and the greek supra-mediterranean humid meadows (37.61 in CORINE 1991). At lower altitudes the vegetation is being replaced by Quercus frainetto forests and maquis vegetation which is dominated by moderately grazed Quercus coccifera tall shrubs. At the higher peaks the vegetation is the typical vegetation of the alpine zone of Central Greece. A small association of Pinus pallasiana ssp. nigra (Palla's pine) is found at the north-eastern part of the site. NOTE ON BIOGEOGRAPHIC REGION: Oiti mountain (Pyrgos 2152 m), characterized by Greek fir forest and by Trifolion resupinati and Trifoliïn parnassi, could be considered part of the continental biogeographic region.

4.2 Quality and importance

The National Forest of Mt. Oiti is regarded as one of the best national forests of Greece, both in terms of ecological importance and of status of management. It was founded in 1966 for the conservation of the mountain's unique flora and wildlife in general. The national park has been designated as a Special Protection Area (SPA) for birds. As shown on the section of "other important species", many greek endemic taxa have been included in the flora of the site, some of them being protected by the greek law. Furthermore, many balkan endemics are found in the area of the site. The fauna of the site is also of great importance, as it includes species of Annex II (Rupicapra rupicapra balcanica, Aquila chrysaetos, Bubo bubo etc.), an endemic lizard (Podarcis erchardi erchardi) and some endemic invertebrates. The most striking characteristic of the wildlife of the site in question is the existance of a great variety of habitats in a rather small area. Fifteen types of habitats have been noted, three of them not included in Annex I of Directive 92/43/EEC. The highest peaks are typical of the central greek alpine zone and it is at those elevations that the majority of the endemic taxa grow. Of great ecological importance is the plateau at Leivadies with at least tree types of grasslands and an amazing variety of plants and insects and with the temporary pond which provides niche to an important population of Triturus alpestris. In addition, the Pinus nigra association is of great ecological importance because of its isolation from the rest P. nigra forests of Central Greece. The caves formed in the mountain are of spilaiologic interest, especially the cave of Anemotrypa; yet, a great deal of research has to be done in order to provide the necessary information for the evaluation of the importance of those caves.The mountain of Oiti is closely related to Greek history, both modern and ancient. It was in that area that an important part of the fights during the greek revolution (1821-1827) and the German occupation (1941-1944) took place. It was during the late Byzantine period that Ypati met its greatest development - the impressive monastery of Agathonas was constructed during that era. Finally, it was on the highest peak of Oiti that Hercule was supposed to have put an end to his life and to have given his weapons to Philoctitis. Temples for Hercule and Diana are believed to had been built there but no remains of them can be seen nowadays. In the monastery of Agathonas there is a small Natural History museum. This museum provides basic information on the wildlife of mountain Oiti, thus contributing to the environmental awareness of the public. OTHER IMPORTANT SPECIES WITH MOTIVATION D PLANTS: This species is protected by the Presidential Decree 67/81 and considered «vulnerable» in Greece and in Europe (IUCN, 1993). Alyssum pulvinare, is a balkan endemic, the main distribution of which is in Romania and Bulgaria. The alpine population of Oiti is of unknown origin and is unique in Greece (and in Europe). Linum punctatum ssp. pycnophyllum are taxa of east-mediterranean distribution, so that Greece is the only european country where they are found.

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR0526.49
GR1128.15
GR9513.65
IN0126.49

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Oiti-Pavliani*7.13
GR95Skasmeni Frantzi-Dyo Vounon+6.52
GR05Oiti*26.49
GR11Oiti*28.15

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Oiti-Pavliani*7.13
Skasmeni Frantzi-Dyo Vounon+6.52
Oiti*26.49
Oiti*28.15

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:1. FOREST SERVICE OF LAMIA, 2. MANAGEMENT BODY OF “ETHNIKOS DRYMOS OITIS”
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

Management plan for the National Forest Park - 1996.

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY