Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR2450001

1.3 Site name

ORI VARDOUSIA

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-03

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1996-08
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:22.111944
Latitude:38.661667

2.2 Area [ha]

19318.2900

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR24Sterea Ellada
GR24Sterea Ellada

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
3290  info      0.00         
4090  info      5675.26  0.00 
6230  info  X     280.095  0.00 
8140  info      365.617  0.00 
8210  info      1315.22  0.00 
91M0  info      829.226  0.00 
9270  info      922.34  0.00 
92C0  info      374.656  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
A1193Bombina variegata           
M1352Canis lupus     
M1355Lutra lutra           
R1298Vipera ursinii    251  500     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Abies cephalonica                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
Acer heldreichii                   
Achillea umbellata                   
Anthyllis vulneraria ssp. bulgarica                   
Arabis bryoides                   
Arabis subflava                   
Arenaria conferta ssp. conferta                   
Arenaria filicaulis ssp. graeca                   
Asperula oetaea                   
Aubrieta gracilis                   
Aubrieta gracilis                   
Aurinia gionae                   
Barbarea sicula                   
Beta nana                   
2361Bufo bufo                   
2361Bufo bufo                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
Campanula radicosa                   
Campanula rupicola                   
Carum heldreichii                   
Cerastium candidissimum                   
Cirsium appendiculatum                   
1283Coronella austriaca                   
1283Coronella austriaca                   
1283Coronella austriaca                   
Corydalis parnassica                   
Crocus veluchensis                   
Cynoglottis barrelieri ssp. phocidica                   
Dianthus biflorus                   
Dianthus deltoides ssp. degenii                   
Dianthus deltoides ssp. degenii                   
Dianthus haematocalyx ssp. ventricosus                   
Dianthus integer ssp. minutiflorus                   
Dianthus tymphresteus                   
Draba lacaitae                   
Draba parnassica                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
Edraianthus parnassicus                   
Erysimum cephalonicum                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1657Gentiana lutea                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
Laserpitium pseudomeum                   
Minuartia confusa                   
Minuartia juniperina                   
Minuartia stellata                   
1341Muscardinus avellanarius                   
1341Muscardinus avellanarius                   
1341Muscardinus avellanarius                   
Myosotis minutiflora                   
Natrix natrix                   
Natrix natrix                   
Paronychia polygonifolia                   
5363Pelophylax kurtmuelleri                   
5363Pelophylax kurtmuelleri                   
Peucedanum oligophyllum                   
Poa thessala                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
Podospermum roseum subsp. peristericum                   
1209Rana dalmatina                   
1209Rana dalmatina                   
1209Rana dalmatina                   
1208Rana graeca                   
1208Rana graeca                   
1208Rana graeca                   
Rhamnus sibthorpianus                   
Rindera graeca                   
2351Salamandra salamandra                   
2351Salamandra salamandra                   
Saxifraga sibthorpii                   
Sedum apoleipon                   
Silene auriculata                   
Silene barbeyana                   
Silene linifolia ssp. sporadum                   
Silene multicaulis ssp. genistifolia                   
Silene radicosa ssp. radicosa                   
Thamnosciadium junceum                   
Trifolium parnassii                   
Trinia frigida                   
Verbascum epixanthinum                   
Verbascum reiseri                   
Verbascum speciosum ssp. megaphlomos                   
Veronica thymifolia                   
Viola graeca                   
Viola poetica                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N060.17
N0837.55
N093.08
N158.80
N1619.12
N1722.65
N184.51
N223.53
N230.59

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The Vardousia mountain range is divided into three groups according to their peak arrangement, the highest being Korakas. The northern group has the smoothest relief while the southern (Korakas 2495 m) and the western consist of abrupt crests and saddles. From a geological point of view, the mountain range belongs to the geotectonic zone of Olonos-Pindos having flysch and limestone as the main substrates. In the northern part of the mountain range, flysch dominates in the lower area and limestone in the higher altitudes. In the southern part concrete limestone dominates. These factors result in the formation of an extended plateau especially in the northern part while steep slopes and conglomerates occur in the south. The presence of flysch contributes to the creation of many torrents and streams which supply the River Evinos to the north, River Kokkinos to the southwest, and River Mornos to the southeast. The vegetation of the mountain range is characterized by the dominance of Abies cephalonica, whereas in some areas Abies borisii regis extends up to an altitude of 1500-1600 m. In the lower areas there are formations of evergreen broad-leaved woodland with the main representatives being Quercus coccifera and Quercus ilex, Arbutus unedo, Juniperus oxycedrus and Erica arborea. Quercus ilex mainly occurs in the area of the river Kokkinos, forming dense stands together with Erica arborea and Arbutus unedo. Among the formations of evergreen broad leaved species, individuals of Quercus conferta and Q. pubescens occur. Around areas of the numerous streams, Platanus orientalis together with Salix alba and Populus alba are prevalent. Above the forest of Abies cephalonica extensive grazing land (stepped grazing lands) occurs, in some parts of which aquatic vegetation exists near fountains or streams. Also, Juniperus formations with Juniperus foetidissima predominating occur. Finally, in the rocky and conglomerate areas, well-adapted plant associations occur.

4.2 Quality and importance

The occurrence, especially in the extraforestial plant associations, in Vardousia mountain range, of a great number of endemic and rare plants such as Verbascum reiserii, Aubrieta gracilis, Carum heldreichi, render the area as an important one from an ecological point of view. In addition, the presence of Quercus ilex, a fairly rare plant species in Greece, forming dense stands in some places, reinforce the above-mentioned opinion. On the other hand from a faunistic point of view, some of the species recorded as occurring in this site are listed in Annex II of the Directive 92/43/E.E.C. (see section 3.2). The wolf Canis lupus, which is a priority species of the Directive has the southernmost area of its permanent distribution at this site. This animal together with the second of the Directive species, the otter Lutra lutra, are threatened taxa of the Greek fauna, both placed in the category "Vulnerable" according to the Greek Red Data Book. These two species are also mentioned in the lists of the Bern Convention. Greek legislation (Presidential Decree 67/1981) protects the otter. The special zoological significance of this site is also evident from the occurrence here of several The Wildcat Felis silvestris is also mentioned by the CITES Convention and together with the anuran amphibians Bufo viridis, Hyla arborea, Rana dalmatina and the lizard Ablepharus kitaibelii, has been evaluated by the CORINE-Biotopes Project. All taxa of section 3.3 mentioned by the Bern and CITES Conventions are marked with C, while those listed in the Appendices of the Presidential Decree and CORINE handbook are indicated by the D motivation. The Edible

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA04o
HA04i
LA04.01I
LA04.01.01I
LA04.01.02I
MA10.01b
MC01.01o
MD01.01i
LD01.01b
MD01.02o
LD01.02i
LD01.02b
HF03.01o
HF03.01i
MF03.01I
HF03.02.03b
LF04i
LF04o
HF05.04I
LG01.02i
LG01.04i
LG05.11b
MI03.01I
HJ02.01o
MJ03.02b
LJ03.02.03b
HK01.01i
HK03.06I
ML09b
LXb
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR952.13

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Makrya Rachi, Dryodasos Pentagion*2.13

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Makrya Rachi, Dryodasos Pentagion*2.13

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:1. FOREST DIRECTORATE OF FTHIOTIDA, 2. FOREST DIRECTORATE OF FOKIDA
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY