Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

GR2450007

1.3 Site name

KORYFES OROUS GKIONA, CHARADRA REKA, LAZOREMA KAI VATHIA LAKKA

1.4 First Compilation date

2002-10

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2002-10
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/6-9-2010 (OJ 1495 B)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:22.273333
Latitude:38.633611

2.2 Area [ha]

10561.5000

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR24Sterea Ellada

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA402Accipiter brevipes           
BA168Actitis hypoleucos           
BA223Aegolius funereus           
BA247Alauda arvensis           
BA247Alauda arvensis           
BA465Alectoris graeca graeca    17  17     
BA255Anthus campestris           
BA228Apus (Tachymarptis) melba           
BA226Apus apus           
BA091Aquila chrysaetos       
BA215Bubo bubo           
BA087Buteo buteo           
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus           
BA080Circaetus gallicus           
BA081Circus aeruginosus               
BA082Circus cyaneus               
BA083Circus macrourus               
BA084Circus pygargus               
BA113Coturnix coturnix           
BA113Coturnix coturnix           
BA738Delichon urbicum (urbica)             
BA239Dendrocopos leucotos           
BA238Dendrocopos medius           
BA236Dryocopus martius           
BA379Emberiza hortulana           
BA101Falco biarmicus           
BA100Falco eleonorae               
BA095Falco naumanni           
BA709Falco peregrinus brookei           
BA097Falco vespertinus           
BA076Gypaetus barbatus                   
BA078Gyps fulvus           
BA251Hirundo rustica             
BA338Lanius collurio           
BA246Lullula arborea           
BA230Merops apiaster           
BA260Motacilla flava           
BA337Oriolus oriolus           
BA094Pandion haliaetus               
BA072Pernis apivorus           
BA234Picus canus           
BA346Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax    20       
BA210Streptopelia turtur             
BA440Sylvia rueppelli           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
A207Columba oenas                   
A207Columba oenas                   
A207Columba oenas                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0811.00
N105.00
N1155.00
N1729.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

Ghiona is the highest mountain in South Greece (2510 m) and the fifth highest in Greece.From a geological point of view, Mt. Ghiona belongs to the geotectonic zone of "Parnasos-Ghiona" having limestone as the main geological substrate (the total thickness of the limestone layer is estimated to be about 1800 m) and only in some parts of the surface flysch and conglomerate deposits occur. The main element of the above series is the existence of many karstic formations and three horizons of bauxite intercalating in the continuous limestone series.From a geomorphological point of view, there are three main mountain crests converging to the highest peak (pyramid). The most important of these is the one to the south with a length of 13km. On both sides of the crest a ravine occurs, Reka to the left and Lazorema to the right. This whole geological feature posseses significant ecological importance. The ravine of Reka (12 km long) is characterized by large steep slopes, and seasonal rushing water, whereas Lazorema is 4 km long with high slopes (1000-1200m alt.). In addition to these, many plateaux and conglomerate areas exist.In the above geological substrates there is a variety of vegetation types with dominant species being Abies cephalonica extending from 800-1800 m altitude. In the lower areas there are formations of evergreen broadleaved species, with main representatives being Quercus coccifera, Juniperus oxycedrus, while in some areas there are individuals of Quercus pubescens and Ostrya carpinifolia. Apart from these taxa, in some parts the north-west mountain range small formations of Platanus orientalis and Salix alba occur. Above the limits of the Abies cephalonica forest, grazing areas occur (stepped grasslands). Also Juniperus formations exist, with dominant species being Juniperus communis subsp. Alpina. Finally, in the rocky formations and conglomerates adapted plant associations occur. Endemism is quite a common phenomenon on this mountain: a plant species being strictly endemic to Mt. Ghiona: Arenaria gionaea; another 10 other species that occur on Mt. Ghiona all distributed in mountains of Central Greece, 14 species distributed in Central & South Greece, 13 species with a wider distribution in Central Greece, Peloponnisos, Crete, Epiros, and Macedonia, 7 species rare in Greece, and five species of W. Asia whose distributions reach Greece.

4.2 Quality and importance

This is an important site for raptors and alpine species. Breeding birds include some of the species in Europe that are restricted (when breeding) to the Eurasian high-montane biome. The presence of a great number of endemic or important species (e.g., Arenaria gionaea, etc.) in the mountain range of Ghiona, especially in the rocky formations of its summits and the steep slopes of the ravines, makes the area of great ecological importance.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MC01i
HC03.03b
HD01b
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR9556.66

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Rikas-Gourlomyta-Gkiona (Prosiliou)*29.05
GR95Lefkaditiou (Sykeas)*27.60

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Rikas-Gourlomyta-Gkiona (Prosiliou)*29.05
Lefkaditiou (Sykeas)*27.60

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY