Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

GR2450008

1.3 Site name

OROS VARDOUSIA

1.4 First Compilation date

2009-06

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2010-03
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/6-9-2010 (OJ 1495 B)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:23.846389
Latitude:38.621944

2.2 Area [ha]

25010.8900

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR24Sterea Ellada
GR24Sterea Ellada

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA402Accipiter brevipes           
BA223Aegolius funereus           
BA247Alauda arvensis               
BA465Alectoris graeca graeca           
BA255Anthus campestris           
BA255Anthus campestris           
BA228Apus (Tachymarptis) melba           
BA226Apus apus           
BA091Aquila chrysaetos       
BA404Aquila heliaca           
BA215Bubo bubo           
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus           
BA080Circaetus gallicus           
BA080Circaetus gallicus       
BA083Circus macrourus           
BA239Dendrocopos leucotos           
BA238Dendrocopos medius           
BA236Dryocopus martius           
BA379Emberiza hortulana    200       
BA100Falco eleonorae               
BA095Falco naumanni           
BA709Falco peregrinus brookei         
BA097Falco vespertinus           
BA321Ficedula albicollis               
BA723Fulica atra atra               
BA251Hirundo rustica           
BA338Lanius collurio               
BA246Lullula arborea    50       
BA230Merops apiaster               
BA260Motacilla flava           
BA072Pernis apivorus                   
BA234Picus canus           
BA346Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax               
BA210Streptopelia turtur           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Abies cephalonica                   
Acer heldreichii                   
Achillea umbellata                   
Anthyllis vulneraria ssp. bulgarica                   
Arabis bryoides                   
Arabis subflava                   
Arenaria conferta ssp. conferta                   
Arenaria filicaulis ssp. graeca                   
Asperula oetaea                   
Aubrieta gracilis                   
Aubrieta gracilis                   
Aurinia gionae                   
Barbarea sicula                   
Beta nana                   
Campanula radicosa                   
Campanula rupicola                   
Carum heldreichii                   
Cerastium candidissimum                   
Cirsium appendiculatum                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
Corydalis parnassica                   
Crocus veluchensis                   
Cynoglottis barrelieri ssp. phocidica                   
Dianthus biflorus                   
Dianthus deltoides ssp. degenii                   
Dianthus deltoides ssp. degenii                   
Dianthus haematocalyx ssp. ventricosus                   
Dianthus integer ssp. minutiflorus                   
Dianthus tymphresteus                   
Draba lacaitae                   
Draba parnassica                   
Edraianthus parnassicus                   
Erysimum cephalonicum                   
1657Gentiana lutea                   
Laserpitium pseudomeum                   
Minuartia confusa                   
Minuartia juniperina                   
Minuartia stellata                   
Myosotis minutiflora                   
Paronychia polygonifolia                   
Peucedanum oligophyllum                   
Poa thessala                   
Podospermum roseum subsp. peristericum                   
Rhamnus sibthorpianus                   
Rindera graeca                   
Saxifraga sibthorpii                   
Sedum apoleipon                   
Silene auriculata                   
Silene barbeyana                   
Silene linifolia ssp. sporadum                   
Silene multicaulis ssp. genistifolia                   
Silene radicosa ssp. radicosa                   
A690Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis                   
A690Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis                   
A690Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis                   
Thamnosciadium junceum                   
Trifolium parnassi                   
Trinia frigida                   
Verbascum epixanthinum                   
Verbascum reiseri                   
Verbascum speciosum ssp. megaphlomos                   
Veronica thymifolia                   
Viola graeca                   
Viola poetica                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N040.20
N052.70
N061.28
N0864.89
N094.03
N110.94
N162.34
N1718.44
N191.14
N214.01
N230.02

Total Habitat Cover

99.99000000000001

Other Site Characteristics

The Vardousia mountain range is divided into three groups according to their peak arrangement, the highest being Korakas. The northern group has the smoothest relief while the southern (Korakas 2495 m) and the western consist of abrupt crests and saddles. From a geological point of view, the mountain range belongs to the geotectonic zone of Olonos-Pindos having flysch and limestone as the main substrates. In the northern part of the mountain range, flysch dominates in the lower area and limestone in the higher altitudes. In the southern part concrete limestone dominates. These factors result in the formation of an extended plateau especially in the northern part while steep slopes and conglomerates occur in the south. The presence of flysch contributes to the creation of many torrents and streams which supply the River Evinos to the north, River Kokkinos to the southwest, and River Mornos to the southeast. The vegetation of the mountain range is characterized by the dominance of Abies cephalonica, whereas in some areas Abies borisii regis extends up to an altitude of 1500-1600 m. In the lower areas there are formations of evergreen broad-leaved woodland with the main representatives being Quercus coccifera and Quercus ilex, Arbutus unedo, Juniperus oxycedrus and Erica arborea. Quercus ilex mainly occurs in the area of the river Kokkinos, forming dense stands together with Erica arborea and Arbutus unedo. Among the formations of evergreen broad leaved species, individuals of Quercus conferta and Q. pubescens occur. Around areas of the numerous streams, Platanus orientalis together with Salix alba and Populus alba are prevalent. Above the forest of Abies cephalonica extensive grazing land (stepped grazing lands) occurs, in some parts of which aquatic vegetation exists near fountains or streams. Also, Juniperus formations with Juniperus foetidissima predominating occur. Finally, in the rocky and conglomerate areas, well-adapted plant associations occur.

4.2 Quality and importance

The presence of three pairs of Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos) indicates the quality of this relatively untouched mountain range. Other birds of prey, including the Short-toed Eagle (Circaetus gallicus) and the Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus) are found in significant numbers, while the site is also important for species inhabiting open areas in forests like the Woodlark (Lullula arborea) and the Ortolan Bunting (Emberiza hortulana), as well as woodpeckers, most notably the Black Woodpecker (Dryocopus martius).

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA04b
MC01.01o
HC03.03b
LD01o
MD01.01i
MD01.02b
HF03.01b
LG01.02i
LG01.04i
HJ02.01o
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR952.36
IN0698.36

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Makrya Rachi, Dryodasos Pentagion*2.36

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Makrya Rachi, Dryodasos Pentagion*2.36

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:1. FOREST DIRECTORATE OF FTHIOTIDA, 2. FOREST DIRECTORATE OF FOKIDA
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY