Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR2520001

1.3 Site name

OROS MAINALO

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-02

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1996-08
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:22.294444
Latitude:37.605278

2.2 Area [ha]

22639.3700

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR25Peloponnisos

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
3290  info      0.00         
4090  info      557.159  0.00 
5210  info      895.565  0.00 
8210  info      22.4296  0.00 
9340  info      0.00         
9540  info      0.00         
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
I1078Callimorpha quadripunctaria           
R1293Elaphe situla           
R1217Testudo hermanni           
R1218Testudo marginata           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Abies cephalonica                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
Achillea umbellata                   
1258Algyroides moreoticus                   
1258Algyroides moreoticus                   
1258Algyroides moreoticus                   
1258Algyroides moreoticus                   
Anguis cephallonica                   
Anguis cephallonica                   
Arenaria filicaulis ssp. graeca                   
Astragalus hellenicus                   
Astragalus lacteus                   
2361Bufo bufo                   
2361Bufo bufo                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
Centaurea achaia ssp. achaia                   
Centaurea raphanina ssp. mixta                   
Cerastium candidissimum                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
1283Coronella austriaca                   
1283Coronella austriaca                   
1283Coronella austriaca                   
Crataegus pycnoloba                   
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                   
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                   
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
Erodium chrysanthum                   
Erysimum pectinatum                   
Erysimum pusillum                   
Fritillaria graeca                   
6079Hellenolacerta graeca                   
6079Hellenolacerta graeca                   
5669Hierophis gemonensis                   
5669Hierophis gemonensis                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
Lilium chalcedonicum                   
Lysimachia serpyllifolia                   
1341Muscardinus avellanarius                   
1341Muscardinus avellanarius                   
1341Muscardinus avellanarius                   
Paronychia albanica ssp.graeca                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
Poa thessala                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca                   
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca                   
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca                   
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca                   
1248Podarcis taurica                   
1248Podarcis taurica                   
1248Podarcis taurica                   
1208Rana graeca                   
1208Rana graeca                   
1208Rana graeca                   
Ranunculus subhomophyllus                   
Rhamnus sibthorpianus                   
Scutellaria rubicunda ssp. rupestris                   
Sideritis clandestina ssp. cyllenea                   
Silene radicosa ssp. radicosa                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
Thlaspi graecum                   
Thymus leucotrichus                   
Tulipa orphanidea                   
Typhlops vermicularis                   
Typhlops vermicularis                   
Valeriana olenaea                   
Verbascum speciosum ssp. megaphlomos                   
Veronica thymifolia                   
Viola chelmea                   
Viola mercurii                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N060.31
N0819.32
N1518.61
N1747.88
N1813.05
N220.24
N230.59

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The mountain range of Mainalo is situated in Central Peloponnisos NW of Tripolis. Geologically, it belongs to the Gavrovo-Tripoli zone and is composed of mainly calcareous substrate. Its highest summit reaches 1980 m. On its slopes, conifer forests of the Greek fir Abies cephallonica (endemic to Greece), mixed with Pinus nigra subsp. pallasiana prosper. Here, pure forest of Abies cephalonica and pure forest of Palla's pine are formed, and have their best representation in Peloponnisos.

4.2 Quality and importance

The area of the Mainalo mountain range presents a great variability of habitats offering shelter to many Greek endemic plant taxa. However, the most important formations are, that of the forest ecosystems with, Abies cephalonica and Pinus nigra subsp. Pallasiana, which are the thickest and best represented in Peloponnisos. Several remarkable amphibians, reptiles and mammals have been recorded in this site. Testudo marginata's range is restricted to the Greek mainland (except Thraki and most of Macedonia) and a small part of southern Albania. This tortoise is also introduced to Sardinia and possibly to other Mediterranean islands and coastal localities. Among the Other Important taxa of this site (see section 3.3), the bat Nyctalus leisleri is a threatened species (placed in the category "Endangered" according to the Greek Red Data Book), while the lacertid lizards Lacerta graeca, Podarcis peloponnesiaca, are Greek endemics restricted to Peloponnisos. Nearly all taxa of the section are protected by the Bern Convention so are marked with the C motivation. Most of these taxa are also protected by Greek legislation (Presidential Decree 67/1981) and are therefore allocated the D motivation; the exceptions to this case are the lizard Ablepharus kitaibelii, the snake Vipera ammodytes, the hare Lepus europaeus. The anuran amphibians Bufo viridis, Hyla arborea and the lizard Ablepharus kitaibelii is also recorded by the CORINE-Biotopes Project, whereas the lizard Podarcis taurica ionica, the snake Coluber gemonensis,are Balkan endemics. All these peculiarities constitute additional reasons for giving the D motivation to the taxa concerned. The avifauna of Mt. Mainalo is typical of the Greek mountainous areas covered partly by coniferous forests.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA10.01b
LE04i
LG01i
LK04.03i
ML09b
ML09i
LUb
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LUb

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR951.91

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Dasodis periochi Agiou Theodoron (Tripoleos-Perithoriou)*1.91

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Dasodis periochi Agiou Theodoron (Tripoleos-Perithoriou)*1.91

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY