Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR2520005

1.3 Site name

MONI ELONAS KAI CHARADRA LEONIDIOU - SPILAIO MANA KAI GALAZIA LIMNI

1.4 First Compilation date

1994-12

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1997-04
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:22.825491
Latitude:39.926676

2.2 Area [ha]

8380.5800

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR25Peloponnisos

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
8210  info      88.7659  0.00 
9260  info      57.9167  0.00 
92C0  info      0.00         
92D0  info      73.3259  0.00 
9320  info      169.557  0.00 
9340  info      912.246  0.00 
9560  info  X     153.528  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
R1279Elaphe quatuorlineata           
R1293Elaphe situla           
M1310Miniopterus schreibersii           
M1307Myotis blythii           
M1321Myotis emarginatus           
M1324Myotis myotis           
M1306Rhinolophus blasii           
M1305Rhinolophus euryale           
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum           
M1303Rhinolophus hipposideros           
R1217Testudo hermanni           
R1218Testudo marginata             
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Abies cephalonica                   
Albinaria argynnis                   
Albinaria argynnis                   
Albinaria edmundi                   
Albinaria edmundi                   
1258Algyroides moreoticus                 
1258Algyroides moreoticus                 
1258Algyroides moreoticus                 
1258Algyroides moreoticus                 
Armadillidium grimmi                   
Armadillidium kalamatense                   
Asperula boryana                   
Asperula elonea    1001  10000               
Asperula elonea    1001  10000               
Asperula taygetea                   
Athamanta arachnoidea                   
Athamanta arachnoidea                   
Bolanthus laconicus                   
Brassica cretica ssp. laconica                   
1353Canis aureus    Family group           
1353Canis aureus    Family group           
Carabus merlini                   
Carabus preslii preslii                   
Centaurea raphanina ssp. mixta                   
Cerastium pedunculare                   
Cochlostoma parnonis                   
Cochlostoma parnonis                   
Codringtonia gittenbergeri                   
Codringtonia gittenbergeri                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
Crocus biflorus ssp. melantherus                   
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                 
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                 
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                 
Dianthus biflorus                   
1342Dryomys nitedula    10  Grid cells 1x1           
1342Dryomys nitedula    10  Grid cells 1x1           
1342Dryomys nitedula    10  Grid cells 1x1           
Galium peloponnesiacum                   
Idastraniella taygetanus                   
1236Lacerta graeca                 
1236Lacerta graeca                 
1236Lacerta graeca                 
1236Lacerta graeca                 
1251Lacerta trilineata                 
1251Lacerta trilineata                 
1251Lacerta trilineata                 
Laemostenus peloponnesiacus                   
Lithobius erythrocephalus                   
Lithobius lucifugus                   
Lithobius viriatus                   
Minuartia favargeri                   
Molops spartanus                   
1271Ophiomorus punctatissimus                   
1271Ophiomorus punctatissimus                   
1271Ophiomorus punctatissimus                   
1271Ophiomorus punctatissimus                   
1271Ophiomorus punctatissimus                   
1271Ophiomorus punctatissimus                   
Ophonus taygetanus                   
Ornithogalum prasinantherum                   
Pachyiulus flavipes                   
Petrorhagia grandiflora    501  1000               
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca                 
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca                 
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca                 
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca                 
Polygala cristagalli                   
Porcellio nasutus                   
Potentilla arcadiensis    50  100               
Potentilla arcadiensis    50  100               
1208Rana graeca                   
1208Rana graeca                   
1208Rana graeca                   
1212Rana ridibunda                   
1212Rana ridibunda                   
1212Rana ridibunda                   
Scolopendra cingulata                   
Silene integripetala                   
Stachys chrysantha    501  1000               
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
Tapinopterus rebellis                   
Teucrium francisci-werneri    501  1000               
1295Vipera ammodytes                 
1295Vipera ammodytes                 
1295Vipera ammodytes                 
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
Zonites parnonensis                   
Zonites parnonensis                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N1518.83
N160.41
N172.29
N1873.11
N223.73
N231.63

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The area of Moni Elonas and Charadra Leonidiou is a long gorge at the eastern side of Parnonas mountain range. Starting from sea level close to the village of Leonidio, it crosses the Elona's Monastery locality ending in the village of Kosmas at about 1000 m altitude. It is composed mainly of calcareous rocky ecosystems but at the higher parts Abies cephalonica thrives.

4.2 Quality and importance

Recently in the area of Moni Elonas and Charadra Leonidiou, some very interesting plant taxa have been found. Some of these are very important and very rare like Potentilla arcadiensis, for example, which shows the importance of the Greek mountains for the survival of very rare plant taxa. Also, in the calcareous rocky ecosystems Greek endemics prosper. Some of them have been recently described and four of them are exclusively endemic to this gorge and exist in very small populations, consequently being in danger of extinction. As concerns the fauna of this site, there is poor information. The jackal Canis aureus is a threatened species in Greece (category "Vulnerable"). Apart from this animal, all the vertebrate taxa listed in section 3.3 and marked with motivation C, are protected by the Bern Convention. The lizard Ophiomorus punctatissimus, and the snake Malpolon monspessulanus are also protected by the Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981 receiving motivation C for this reason. Similarly, the legless lizard Ophiomorus punctatissimus is additionally indicated by motivation D as it has the westernmost end of its distribution area in central-eastern Greece and Peloponnisos. The hare Lepus europaeus is marked with motivation D since it is generally rare in Greece.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA02.01b
MA02.03b
MA04.03b
MA06.04b
MA07b
MA10.01b
MA10.02b
LD01.02b
MD01.02b
MF03.02.01b
MF03.02.03b
HF03.02.03b
LG01.04.02i
HG01.04.03i
MG05.11b
MJ01.01b
MJ03i
MJ03.01b
MJ03.02.03b
LK03.06i
LL09i
ML09b
MM01.01b
MM01.02b
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA05.01b

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR00100.00

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:MANAGEMENT BODY OF “OROS PARNON KAI YGROTOPOS MOUSTOU“
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY