Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR2530003

1.3 Site name

AKROKORINTHOS

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-02

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1997-04
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:22.865556
Latitude:37.880556

2.2 Area [ha]

601.5900

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR25Peloponnisos

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
5420  info      298.532  0.00 
8210  info      53.6341  0.00 
9540  info      30.7551  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
I1078Callimorpha quadripunctaria           
R1293Elaphe situla           
M1306Rhinolophus blasii    100  500     
M1305Rhinolophus euryale    100  500     
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum                 
M1303Rhinolophus hipposideros                 
R1218Testudo marginata           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
Alkanna methanaea                   
1201Bufo viridis                 
1201Bufo viridis                 
1201Bufo viridis                 
Campanula andrewsii ssp. andrewsii                   
1353Canis aureus                   
1353Canis aureus                     
1274Chalcides ocellatus                 
1274Chalcides ocellatus                 
1274Chalcides ocellatus                 
1286Coluber najadum                 
1286Coluber najadum                 
1286Coluber najadum                 
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi    1001  10000           
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi    1001  10000           
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi    1001  10000           
Erysimum corinthium                   
Fritillaria graeca                   
Hemidactylus turcicus    501  1000           
Hemidactylus turcicus    501  1000           
1251Lacerta trilineata    501  1000           
1251Lacerta trilineata    501  1000           
1251Lacerta trilineata    501  1000           
1322Myotis nattereri                   
1322Myotis nattereri                   
1322Myotis nattereri                   
1271Ophiomorus punctatissimus    251  500           
1271Ophiomorus punctatissimus    251  500           
1271Ophiomorus punctatissimus    251  500           
1269Ophisaurus apodus    251  500           
1269Ophisaurus apodus    251  500           
1269Ophisaurus apodus    251  500           
5363Pelophylax kurtmuelleri                 
5363Pelophylax kurtmuelleri                 
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca    1001  10000           
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca    1001  10000           
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca    1001  10000           
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca    1001  10000           
Stachys swainsonii ssp. argolica                   
1289Telescopus fallax    501  1000           
1289Telescopus fallax    501  1000           
1289Telescopus fallax    501  1000           
Typhlops vermicularis    251  500           
Typhlops vermicularis    251  500           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0856.83
N1540.74
N170.01
N222.42

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The area of Akrokorinthos geologically belongs to the ancient areas of Peloponnisos similar to those of Mts. Parnon and Taygetos. The area consists of a hill with an altitude of 574m, mainly of hard calcareous substrate, forming steep slopes rich in chasmophytic vegetation. Near the top of this rocky formation a Venetian castle is present, and at the top the ruins of an ancient Greek temple exist.

4.2 Quality and importance

The area is of great archaeological interest since it is combined with the antiquities of Ancient Korinthos. It is an area of natural beauty and hosts a number of Greek endemic plant taxa with the most important being Stachys virgata which is a very rare taxon also mentioned for Argolida but not found recently. This taxon should be given special treatment since it may be about to face extinction.Other Important amphibian and reptile taxa are known to occur in the area (section 3.3). The lizard Podarcis peloponnesiaca is Greek endemic (motivation B). All these taxa are protected by the Bern Convention therefore receiving motivation C while all but two (Ophisaurus apodus and Typhlops vermicularis) are protected by the Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981 as well, and these are allocated motivation D. The same motivation, D, is given to the following taxa for additional reasons: the toad Bufo viridis is mentioned in the handbook of the CORINE-Biotopes Project, the legless lizard Ophiomorus punctatissimus shows the westernmost part of its generally rather restricted area of distribution in Peloponnisos. In conclusion, the presently available data indicate that an interesting herpetofauna lives in this site, characterized by both endemic and geographically restricted taxa. The invertebrate species listed in section 3.3 with motivation C are protected by the Bern Convention.The invertebrate species listed in sections 3.3 with motivation D are protected by the Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981. Pieris krueperi is also included in the IUCN Red List.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA08i
LE03.03i
ME06.01I
ME06.02I
MG01.04.03I
MG05.04I
MG05.07I
MG05.09I
HJ03.01.01b
LK03.06i
LK05i
LL09i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LUb

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR00100.00

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY