Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR2530005

1.3 Site name

ORI GERANEIA

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-04

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1997-04
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:23.070833
Latitude:38.020556

2.2 Area [ha]

6987.0000

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR25Peloponnisos
GR30Attiki

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
3170  info  X     0.00486375  0.00 
3290  info      0.00         
5420  info      15.0666  0.00 
8210  info      0.167051  0.00 
92C0  info      11.5894  0.00 
9540  info      5850.3  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
P1806Centaurea attica ssp. megarensis    9200  9300   
R1293Elaphe situla           
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum               
R1219Testudo graeca           
R1218Testudo marginata      10000     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Abies cephalonica                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii      10000             
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii      10000             
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii      10000             
Achillea umbellata                   
Astragalus hellenicus                   
Bufo bufo                   
Bufo bufo                   
Centaurea raphanina ssp. mixta                   
Cerastium candidissimum                   
1274Chalcides ocellatus                   
1274Chalcides ocellatus                   
1274Chalcides ocellatus                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
Draba lacaitae                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
Fritillaria graeca                   
Gypsophila nana                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
Muscari pulchellum ssp. pulchellum                   
5363Pelophylax kurtmuelleri                   
5363Pelophylax kurtmuelleri                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1238Podarcis erhardii      10000             
1238Podarcis erhardii      10000             
1238Podarcis erhardii      10000             
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca                   
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca                   
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca                   
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca                   
Scilla reuteri                   
Silene radicosa ssp. radicosa                   
Stachys spruneri                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N062.00
N085.40
N091.94
N160.20
N1787.97
N222.49

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The mountain volume of Gerania (highest summit 1351 m) is situated quite close to the city centre of Athens, about 60 Km. The eastern part of the site belongs to the prefecture of Attica and the western one to the prefecture of Corinthia. The rocks of the mountain range of Gerania consist mainly of flyschs and limestone. The climate is Mediterranean, having a strictly dry period during the summer months, while the maximum, minimum and the mean temperatures are 22.6, 13.0 and 18.5 ° C, respectively (M.S of Eleusis). The habitat types within the site are typical of the Mediterranean type ecosystems. The site is well forested mainly with temperate coniferous forests of Pinus halepensis (9540). Along the intermittent streams of the site there are small formations of hygrophilous species, Nerium oleander and Vitex agnus castus (3290). The upper and coldest part of the site is covered by well structured forests of the endemic greek fir, Abies cephalonica (a habitat type not included in Annex I, Corine 91 code 42.18). Phryganic vegetation (5420) are present as well.

4.2 Quality and importance

The quality and importance of the site should be assessed in view of the fact that it is an area close to the urban centre of Athens that supports fairly well conserved natural ecosystems, most importantly forests. The formations of Abies cephalonica are at a good conservation status and the Pinus halepensis forests create a natural environment of great aesthetic value and of utmost ecological importance due to the proximity of the site to the west part of Attica, which is an area heavily aggravated by the existing industrial activity.Although the number of the habitat types present in the site is not impressive, a significant number of endemic plants exist in the area. Mount Gerania is the only biotope of the endangered local endemic species Centaurea attica ssp. megarensis (Centaurea megarensis), which is included on Annex II of the Diresctive 92/43/EEC. Its populations are small and scattered, under considerable pressure from overgrazing by sheep and goats (Morgan & Leon, 1992).OTHER IMPORTANT SPECIES WITH MOTIVATION D The endemic Achillea umbellata is included in the CORINE Checklist of threatened plants.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA04i
MA10.01b
HC03.03I
ME01.02i
ME02i
LE03.01i
LE03.03i
MF03.02.03i
HJ01i
ML09b
HL09i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LUb

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR9556.05

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Periochi Geraneion Dimou Megaron*21.87
GR95Platanos-Prathi-Myloi-Garvati (Loutrakiou-Perachoras)*12.75
GR95Geraneia (Loutrakiou-Perachoras)*21.43

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Periochi Geraneion Dimou Megaron*21.87
Platanos-Prathi-Myloi-Garvati (Loutrakiou-Perachoras)*12.75
Geraneia (Loutrakiou-Perachoras)*21.43

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:1. FOREST SERVICE OF MEGARA, 2. FOREST SERVICE OF KORINTHOS
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY