Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR2540001

1.3 Site name

ORI GIDOVOUNI, CHIONOVOUNI, GAIDOUROVOUNI, KORAKIA, KALOGEROVOUNI, KOULOCHERA KAI PERIOCHI MONEMVASIAS SPILAIO SOLOMOU TRYPA KAI PYRGOS AG. STEFANOU KAI THALASSIA ZONI EOS AKROTIRIO KAMILI

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-02

1.5 Update date

2016-12
Date site proposed as SCI:1997-04
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:23.002550
Latitude:39.636720

2.2 Area [ha]

39051.6600

2.3 Marine area [%]

24.6000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR25Peloponnisos
GR25Peloponnisos

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1110  info      3817  0.00 
1120  info  X     2863  0.00 
1170  info      1909  0.00 
1240  info      2.8959  0.00 
1410  info      0.605499  0.00 
1420  info      6.58779  0.00 
2110  info      2.15096  0.00 
2260  info      1.42399  0.00       
5330  info      33.1611  0.00 
8210  info      29.2485  0.00 
92C0  info      33.4771  0.00 
92D0  info      9.80431  0.00 
9320  info      7186.69  0.00 
9340  info      2447.92  0.00 
9350  info      3.63409  0.00 
9540  info      8.77355  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
I1078Callimorpha quadripunctaria           
R2373Mauremys rivulata           
M1310Miniopterus schreibersii      400  500     
M1307Myotis blythii      700  1000     
M1321Myotis emarginatus      600  1000     
M1305Rhinolophus euryale      400  500     
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum      150  200     
M1303Rhinolophus hipposideros      30  100     
R1217Testudo hermanni           
R1218Testudo marginata           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Abies cephalonica                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1258Algyroides moreoticus                   
1258Algyroides moreoticus                   
1258Algyroides moreoticus                   
1258Algyroides moreoticus                   
Asperula elonea    500               
Asperula elonea    500               
Asperula taygetea                   
Brassica cretica ssp. laconica                   
2361Bufo bufo                   
2361Bufo bufo                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
Campanula andrewsii ssp. hirsutula                   
1353Canis aureus                   
1353Canis aureus                   
Caulerpa cylindracea                   
Centaurea raphanina ssp. mixta                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
Crocus niveus                   
Cymodocea nodosa                   
Cystoseira spp                   
Draba strasseri                   
Draba strasseri                   
1277Eryx jaculus                   
1277Eryx jaculus                   
1277Eryx jaculus                   
Galium peloponnesiacum                   
Halophila stipulacea                   
6079Hellenolacerta graeca                   
6079Hellenolacerta graeca                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
5669Hierophis gemonensis                   
5669Hierophis gemonensis                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
Inula verbascifolia ssp. methanea                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
Malcolmia graeca subsp. hydraea                   
Muscari pulchellum                   
5004Myotis aurascens                   
5004Myotis aurascens                   
5004Myotis aurascens                   
1271Ophiomorus punctatissimus                   
1271Ophiomorus punctatissimus                   
1271Ophiomorus punctatissimus                   
Paracentrotus lividus                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca                   
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca                   
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca                   
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca                   
1208Rana graeca                   
1208Rana graeca                   
1208Rana graeca                   
Sideritis clandestina ssp. cyllenea                   
Silene congesta ssp. moreana                   
Sparisoma cretense                   
Stachys chrysantha                   
Stachys spreitzenhoferi ssp. virella                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
Teucrium francisci-werneri                   
Typhlops vermicularis                   
Typhlops vermicularis                   
Viola mercurii                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N030.01
N040.01
N050.01
N080.06
N1518.62
N175.13
N1874.61
N221.05
N230.50

Total Habitat Cover

100.00000000000001

Other Site Characteristics

The site consists of bare or sparsely forested mountains and in scrub in many places. The coastal line often ends with steep sea-cliffs and rocky shores. Geologically, the site belongs to the Gavrovos-Tripolis zone and consists mainly of phyllites and dark-coloured limestones of Jurassic age as well as Eocenic and Oligocenic flysch. At higher altitudes the vegetation consists of coniferous forests with Abies cephallonica and Pinus nigra ssp. pallasiana. At lower altitudes Juniperus phoenicea arborescent matorals, while Thermo-Mediterranean brush vegetation, thickets and heath-garrigues mixed with Sarcopoterium spinosum phrygana predominate in the area. Scattered spots of Platanus orientalis, Nerium oleander and Tamarix galleries are also present while some thickets of Castanea sativa exist.The site is located at the East Peloponissos from Ierakas (N) to Panagia (S). This is a fully marine site that extends ~45 km along the coastline and 1nm off, including several reefs and islets (e.g Daskaleio). The total area spans about 95 km2 of seabed surfaces, occasionally exceeding depths of 200m.

4.2 Quality and importance

The whole site offers a great variety of ecological niches. It is a very interesting area for resting and nesting of migratory birds. At the southernmost limits of the site, the unique rocky landscape of Monemvasia occurs. This landscape pays host to the Venetian castle as well as some very rare floral elements, such as Euphorbia dendroides formations and very rare and local endemic plant taxa like Stachys spreitzenhoferi ssp. virella and Campanula andrewsii ssp. hirsutula. Together, these give the area special impetus for conservation and management. The fauna of this site is surprisingly diverse. All these taxa are named in the Bern Convention and protected by law in Greece (Presidential Decree 67/1981). Of the Other Important taxa (Section 3.3) the jackal (Canis aureus) is threatened and placed in the category "Vulnerable" according to the Greek Red Data Book. Some lizard species and one carnivorous mammal are endemic Greek taxa (motivation B). This becomes more significant if one takes into consideration the total number of endemic reptiles in Greece. All taxa listed in the table of section 3.3 are protected by the Bern Convention (excluding the jackel Canis aureus) and therefore they have been given motivation C. The same motivation is additionally given to the snake Eryx jaculus because it is included in the CITES Convention. Most of the Other Important Taxa are also listed in the Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981 and are indicated by motivation D. Moreover, the amphibians Bufo viridis and Hyla arborea, being evaluated by the CORINE-Biotopes Project, receive the D motivation. The lizard Ablepharus kitaibelii is marked with D since it is mentioned only in the above project. For specific taxa there are additional reasons for their being allocated motivation D. Also, a) the legless lizard Ophiomorus punctatissimus shows a limited distribution in Greece where the westernmost part of the species area of distribution lies, and b) the hare Lepus europaeus is very rare throughout Greece because of intensive hunting. The invertebrate species listed in section 3.3 with motivation C are protected by the Bern Convention.The invertebrate species listed in section 3.3 with motivation D are protected by the Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981. Pieris ergane is also included in the "Listing of biotopes in Europe according to their significance for invertebrates".The area is of great importance due to well developed Posidonia beds (Habitat Type 1120) that cover the largest part of the infralittoral sediments at depths between 5-30m. The shallower and deeper zones are dominated by sands and detritic sands (Habitat Type 1110). Cymodocea nodosa beds are also common. Biodiversity rich rocky shores and reefs (Habitat Type 1170) are common and extensive, hosting important and well-preserved stands of both shallow and deep Cystoseira and Sargassum canopies. The introduced seagrass Halophila stipulacea and the potentially invasive green algae Caulerpa cylindracea are established in yet low abundances (ΕΛΚΕΘΕ, 2010). The loggerhead turtle Caretta caretta is a common encounter in the area. The fjord-like shallow inlet of Ierakas is a small (~0.4 km2) coastal lagoon (Habitat Type 1150) which remains largely unassessed in terms of marine biodiversity and ecological quality. Cave Solomou Tripa: In the cave which appears not to be used during the winter months a parent colony with about 1500 individuals of Myotis blythii species, Miniopterus schreibersii and Rhinolophus euryalehas been recorded. Tower Aghios Stefanos: This abandoned building hosts: A) Parent colony of the species Rhinolophus hipposideros of about 30 individuals B) Large parent colony of Rhinolophus ferrumequinum and Myotis emarginatus C) Medium parent colony of Rhinolophus sp. of about 800-1000 individuals in total. This building is one of the few known wich hosts mixed species colonies in this size compared to other colonies in abandoned buildings in Greece.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA04i
HA04.01.01i
MA04.02i
MA07b
LA10.01i
HC03.03i
LD03.01o
ME01i
ME03.01i
HE06.02i
HF02.01b
HF02.02.01b
MF02.03b
MF02.03.03b
MF03.01i
MG01i
HG01.04.02i
HG01.04.03i
MG05.02b
HG05.03b
LG05.04i
MG05.04i
LI01i
LI02b
HJ01.01i
MJ02b
HJ03.01.01b
LM01.01b
LM02.01b
HΕ06.01i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HD01.01i
LUb

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR958.71

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Ga?dourovouniou Dimotikon Diamerismaton Kremastis - Lampokampou Dimon Niaton - Zaraka*8.71

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Ga?dourovouniou Dimotikon Diamerismaton Kremastis - Lampokampou Dimon Niaton - Zaraka*8.71

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY