Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR2540003

1.3 Site name

EKVOLES EVROTA, PERIOCHI VRONTAMA KAI THALASSIA PERIOCHI LAKONIKOU KOLPOU

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-03

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1997-04
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:22.676903
Latitude:39.757118

2.2 Area [ha]

10628.0400

2.3 Marine area [%]

34.8900

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR25Peloponnisos

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1210  info      0.932183  0.00 
1410  info      198.357  0.00 
2110  info      32.3203  0.00 
2120  info      6.81287  0.00 
3280  info      64.1126  0.00 
5420  info      66.948  0.00 
6420  info      2.52636  0.00 
92A0  info      11.9682  0.00 
92D0  info      176.879  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
R1224Caretta caretta        subadults           
R1227Chelonia mydas        subadults           
R1279Elaphe quatuorlineata           
R1293Elaphe situla           
R1220Emys orbicularis    101  250     
M1355Lutra lutra           
R2373Mauremys rivulata    501  1000     
M1316Myotis capaccinii               
F5332Squalius keadicus           
R1217Testudo hermanni    101  250     
R1218Testudo marginata    101  250     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
1258Algyroides moreoticus                   
1258Algyroides moreoticus                   
1258Algyroides moreoticus                   
1258Algyroides moreoticus                   
2361Bufo bufo                   
2361Bufo bufo                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1353Canis aureus                   
1353Canis aureus                     
1286Coluber najadum                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
6079Hellenolacerta graeca                   
6079Hellenolacerta graeca                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
5669Hierophis gemonensis                   
5669Hierophis gemonensis                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
5004Myotis aurascens                   
5004Myotis aurascens                   
5004Myotis aurascens                   
1322Myotis nattereri                   
1322Myotis nattereri                   
1322Myotis nattereri                   
Natrix natrix                   
Natrix natrix                   
1292Natrix tessellata                   
1292Natrix tessellata                   
1292Natrix tessellata                   
1271Ophiomorus punctatissimus                   
1271Ophiomorus punctatissimus                   
1271Ophiomorus punctatissimus                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
6291Pelasgus laconicus                   
5363Pelophylax kurtmuelleri                   
5363Pelophylax kurtmuelleri                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca                   
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca                   
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca                   
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca                   
5332Squalius keadicus                   
5332Squalius keadicus                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
6289Tropidophoxinellus spartiaticus                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N022.00
N030.45
N047.08
N050.10
N061.27
N083.25
N100.01
N1578.49
N164.99
N232.36

Total Habitat Cover

99.99999999999998

Other Site Characteristics

This site is located a few km east of the town of Gytheio and is the innermost place of the Lakonikos Gulf. Evrotas is one of the most historic rivers of Peloponnisos. The river, with a total length of c. 100 km, crosses the historic town of Sparti and plays a significant role in the economy of the area. It is to be pointed out however that in nowadays the natural habitats of the area have been restricted to the river and chanel beds and the sea shores while the majority of the Delta surface has be planted by orange trees.

4.2 Quality and importance

The site has already been characterized as an E.C. Important Bird Area and there is no doubt that as a wetland it presents a combination of several important habitats and species keeping in mind that the whole of S. Peloponnisos, and especially the coasts, are characterized as dry rocky areas. Those areas of the present site play an important role in the conservation of the sites biodiversity. Many Other Important Species (section 3.3) have been recorded from this site, a fact that illustrates the diversity of the sites faunistic diversity.The bat Pipistrellus pipistrellus and the jackal Canis aureus, are mentioned in the Greek Red Data Book under the threat categories "Insufficiently Known", "Endangered" and "Vulnerable", respectively (motivation A). Also, the lizards Algyroides moreoticus, Podarcis peloponnesiaca are Greek endemics. The first is distributed in Peloponnisos and the islands of Ithaki, Kefalonia, Zakynthos and Strofades, while the other taxa are found only in Peloponnisos (motivation B). All taxa have been listed in the Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981 and so justify motivation D (the exceptions are Vipera ammodytes, C. aureus). The toad Bufo viridis, the frog Hyla arborea and the water snake Natrix tessellata are mentioned by the CORINE-Biotopes Project's handbook, a fact which constitutes an additional reason for allocating motivation D to these animals. Finally, additional reasons for allocating motivation D is given for Ophiomorus punctatissimus whith a very limited distribution area in Greece which is also the westernmost part of the species' whole distribution range. This site is also of great importance as a station for migratory birds and therefore considered as an EC Important Bird Area. Waterfowl and birds of prey threatened in Greece have been recorded there. The invertebrate species listed in section 3.3 with motivation C are protected by the Bern Convention. The invertebrate species listed in sections 3.3 with motivation D are protected by the Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981. The priority species Callimorpha quadripunctaria, is removed, as it was not recorded and habitats are not considered adequate. Evrotas beach together with nearby beaches of Vathy, Mavrovouni, Selinitsa and Valtaki constitute an important nesting area of the priority species Caretta caretta. Also the marine area in front of Evrotas beach is a well documented foraging and developmental area for juvenile Caretta caretta and Chelonia mydas, as well as a mating and inter-resting area for reproductive Caretta caretta. Area Vrondama - Evrotas: The area is distinguished by a large limestone canyon, where a part of Eurotas river flows initially aboveground (throughout the year on the upper level of the region), while in times of drought water is kept only underground. In the upper part of the gorge, in times of drought, the remaining waters create stagnant ponds, on the rocky riverbed where all the remaining fish populations are concentrated. Across the region significant populations of endemic and rare species exaretika Squalius keadicus are found (Skoulikidis et al 2008). It is also extremely important region for the following rare endemic fish species of Directive 92/43: Tropidophoxinellus spartiaticus and Pelasgus laconicus while other vulnerable species such as Anguilla anguilla and Salaria fluviatilis are present. The area host significant population of otter Lutra lutra, which relies heavily on fish populations for food. Area Platana p. Eurotas. The area hosts the local endemic Squalius keadicus. Extremely important area also for the following endemic species: Tropidophoxinellus spartiaticus and Pelasgus laconicus. This area retains until today important riparian forests and in some places the bed is enriched with spring water, creating important shelters for fish populations during periods of drought (Skoulikidis et al 2008). Vivari p. Eurotas. In the region there are stable and important populations of endemic species Squalius keadicus. Extremely important area for the following endemic species: Tropidophoxinellus spartiaticus and Pelasgus laconicus. The area has very large riparian forests and in some places the bed enriched with spring water, creating very important refuge for fish populations during periods of droughts (Skoulikidis et al 2008).

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA01i
MA01o
HA02i
HA02.01b
HA07b
MA08i
MA08o
MA10.01i
LB01.02i
LC01.01i
MC01.01i
MC01.01.02i
MD01.02i
MD01.03i
LD03.01.02i
MEi
ME01.03i
LE03.01i
MF01o
MF02.03i
HF03.01i
HF03.02.05i
HF03.02.05o
LG01.03i
MG01.03.02i
MG02.08i
MG02.10i
LG02.10i
LG05.04i
LG05.11i
LG05.11o
MH03.03i
MH03.03o
HI01b
MI02i
LJ01i
HJ02b
MJ02.03i
HJ02.03.01b
HJ02.06.01b
MJ02.12.02b
HJ03.01b
MK01.01i
HK03.04i
ML08i
LM01.01i
MXEo
MXOo
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01o
HA01i
MF02.03i
HJ02.03.01b
HJ02.06.01b
HJ03.01b
LUb

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR00100.00

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:1. REGIONAL UNION's DIRECTORATES OF FISHERIES, 2. MANAGEMENT BODY OF “YGROTOPOI AMVRAKIKOU”
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY