Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR2550001

1.3 Site name

FARANGI NEDONA (PETALON - CHANI)

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-03

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1997-04
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:22.162222
Latitude:37.090000

2.2 Area [ha]

1268.5200

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR25Peloponnisos

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
2110  info      0.00         
5420  info      0.00         
92C0  info      43.4187  0.00 
9320  info      0.00         
9340  info      1032.22  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
R1279Elaphe quatuorlineata           
I1083Lucanus cervus           
R1217Testudo hermanni           
R1218Testudo marginata           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1258Algyroides moreoticus                   
1258Algyroides moreoticus                   
1258Algyroides moreoticus                   
1258Algyroides moreoticus                   
Barlia robertiana                   
Barlia robertiana                   
2361Bufo bufo                   
2361Bufo bufo                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
6079Hellenolacerta graeca                   
6079Hellenolacerta graeca                   
5669Hierophis gemonensis                   
5669Hierophis gemonensis                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
Natrix natrix                   
Natrix natrix                   
1312Nyctalus noctula                   
1312Nyctalus noctula                   
1312Nyctalus noctula                   
1271Ophiomorus punctatissimus                   
1271Ophiomorus punctatissimus                   
1271Ophiomorus punctatissimus                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca                   
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca                   
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca                   
1254Podarcis peloponnesiaca                   
1208Rana graeca                   
1208Rana graeca                   
1208Rana graeca                   
Scilla messeniaca                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
Teucrium flavum                   
Typhlops vermicularis                   
Typhlops vermicularis                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N021.01
N040.61
N061.76
N0818.90
N151.69
N162.78
N1873.25

Total Habitat Cover

100.00000000000001

Other Site Characteristics

The River Nedonas travels through the town of Kalamata. Its mouth lies west of the Kalamata harbour and its catchment area lies at the western side of the north part of Mt. Taygetos. The special feature of this site is a deep narrow gorge, with a length of 9 km, lying between Chani Lagou and the military shooting area just north of Kalamata. This gorge has a SW-NE axis vertically crossing the axes of the mountains the main peaks of which are: Klera (689 m), Goupata (867 m), Amoutsa Korfadi (970 m), Melisto (1237 m), all to the northwest of the gorge, and Koryfi (480 m), Aetos (944 m), Agios Georgios (1104 m), all to the southeast of the gorge. The Kalamata-Sparti national road follows the line of the gorge, which is the only natural pass between the two towns. The typical landscape of this site is formed by deeply carved limestone occurring along the gorge as well as the tributaries, the main ones being: Karveliotiko Rema (just east of km-stone 13), Grias Rema (just to the northwest), Dafnorema (north of Angoudi Rachi) and Skoura Rema (between Goupata and Klera). These black bituminous limestone belong to the Tripolis geotectonic zone and are deeply karstified. Stratigraphically, they are overlain by the Oligocene flysch formation (siltstones, claystones). The substrate of the limestones is phyllitic-quartzitic rock (metamorphic units of the Tripolis zone). These metamorphic rocks outcrop in the Cheromata-Lazarolakka and Alagonia-Artemisia areas, east and north-east of the site. Their relative impermeability ensures a high runoff of water moving towards the Nedonas gorge. Due to the karstification a high percentage of runoff water in the Nedonas riverbed infiltrates through the limestone, thus contributing to the enrichment of the groundwater and maintaining the relatively low runoff towards the river mouth. The geomorphological development of the Nedonas gorge is due to extensive erosion which occurred during the postalpine elevation of the area; erosion was promoted across large NE-SW striking faults. At the same time, zones of weakness in the limestones (due to tectonic stresses) were exposed to erosion, thus promoting rockslides and landslides on the slopes. This led to the temporary obstruction of the water flow in the gorge and to the formation of small lakes behind dams of landslide material. These longitudinal lakes were not perennial; the destruction of the dam during a subsequent flashflood was the rule, but muddy sediments were left behind and formed a locally soft substrate for plants. A striking example of such a process can be observed at the km-stone 16. Extensive rockslides on steep slopes occurred during the Kalamata earthquake of 13.09.1986, which led to a temporary closure of the Kalamata-Sparti national road. With the exception of the tectonically strongly affected zones of steep slopes, the limestones offer stable substrate for plants and trees to establish biotopes. Karstic holes and caves have been observed in many places along the gorge. These indicate older levels of groundwater circulation as well as positions of paleo-springs, before the deepening of the gorge to its present level. These holes are very important habitats for many wild animals (bats, foxes, hares, birds etc.) according to the location, the relative accessibility of water, and the degree of safety which they offer to the respective animals. The maquis vegetation belonging to the Oleo-Ceratonion zone is highly developed and of very good quality and biodiversity. This is due to the following factors:- The orientation of the Nedonas gorge ensures low insolation at least for the northwest exposed sides, thus preventing an environment too dry for plants growth. This has a positive effect on the biomass production of the maquis, which thrives under favourable conditions.- As a result of the above factor, fires which could otherwise destroy extended areas of woodland in the open mountainous area, even at higher altitudes, are less effective in the relatively humid microclimate of the gorge. So, the survival of an ecosystem established in the gorge is more probable. This also seems to be a positive factor for the animals which may remain undisturbed in the gorge without the danger of fire. As the gorge connects the lowland of the Kalamata area with the highland of Mt. Taygetos. This ensures a high probability of species mobility (especially of animals searching for food, water, security and a new territory). Plant seeds can also be easily transported through the gorge by means of animals or floods. - Since the largest part of the gorge itself is not easily accessible to man, due to steep topography and low agricultural value, a further advantage is therefore offered to the flora and fauna of the gorge. The only accessible area of the gorge is near to the km-stone 16, where olive trees have been planted and the shepherds bring their animals (goats and sheep) for watering. The rough geomorphology of the area, does not permit the establishment of villages. All residences are distributed in places outside the Nedon as gorge. Scattered smaller agricultural and pastural buildings and homes, are met mainly on the southern flank of the gorge, on the small plateaus above it. The ecosystem seems to be in an equilibrium with grazing animals. This is due to the density of natural maquis vegetation, the inaccessibility of most localities, and high biomass production as described above. As far as the Nedonas Plain and the southwestern end of the gorge are concerned, the natural ecosystem is almost totally absent due to urbanization in the town of Kalamata. The straightening and the concrete cover of the riverbed and riversides, has destroyed all natural vegetation, which has been replaced with artificially planted and irrigated trees. Ironically these trees are irrigated with water pumped from boreholes just next to the riversides. There is also a limestone quarry at the southwestern end of the gorge, just beyond the military shooting site. However, these factors do not minimize the great aesthetic value and scientific importance of the Nedonas gorge.

4.2 Quality and importance

Our on-site investigation showed from the beginning that this site is very important, even when compared to the famous Langada gorge at the eastern part of the Kalamata-Sparti pass. Langada is the natural continuation of the Nedonas-Langada connection between Kalamata and Sparti.The importance of the site is due to following factors:- A very impressive landscape- High quality of the maquis vegetation, consisting of Quercus coccifera, Q. ilex, Pistacia lentiscus, Olea europaea, Ceratonia siliqua, Arbutus unedo, A. adrachne, Phllyrea media, Acer creticum, Laurus nobilis, etc.- Development of pure riverside vegetation (Platanus orientalis, Salix sp. etc.) along the riversides.- Water runoff occurring for at least several months, especially in the northeastern part of the gorge.- The existence of rare, endemic and interesting plants from a phytogeographical point of view. Thus from the plants cited in section 3.3 Scilla messeniaca is endemic to Peloponnisos, characterised as "I" by the WCMC Plants Database as well as by the IUCN R.D.B and protected by the Greek legislation (Presidential Decree 67/1981).Of the plants marked with motivation D, Teucrium flavum is a plant of the Mediterranean region.- This gorge is a real natural museum. A rich vertebrate fauna lives in this site including endemic, rare and threatened animals. From a faunistic point of view, some species found in this site are mentioned in the lists of Annex II of the Directive 92/43/EEC (section 3.2). Several amphibian, reptilian and mammalian taxa known to occur in this site are considered as Other Important. Among them, the lizards Podarcis peloponnesiaca is endemic to Greece (motivation B).All the taxa of section 3.3 are marked by motivation C because they are mentioned in the Bern Convention. Excepting Ablepharus kitaibelii, Ophisaurus apodus, Typhlops vermicularis, Vipera ammodytes and all taxa are also protected by the Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981, and so they are characterized by motivation D. Moreover, Bufo viridis, Hyla arborea, Ablepharus kitaibelii fall under the same motivation since they are listed in the CORINE-Biotopes handbook. Ophiomorus punctatissimus occurs in Greece only in the southern mainland and Peloponnisos is the westernmost part of its whole distribution range.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA01i
MA01o
MA04i
HA04o
LA07i
LA08i
LA09i
MBo
LC01.01.01i
MD01.01i
LE03.01i
ME03.01o
HF03.01i
HF03.01o
MK01.01o
LL03o
LL03i
LL09i
LL09o
LUb
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA01i
LA09i
MBo
MD01.01i
LG01.04i
LG02.06i
LUb

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR9515.38

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Agios Ioannis - Agios Georios periochi Lada, Karveliou, Artemisias Dimou Kalamatas*15.38

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Agios Ioannis - Agios Georios periochi Lada, Karveliou, Artemisias Dimou Kalamatas*15.38

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:FOREST DIRECTORATE OF MESSINIA
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY