Database release:

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)



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1.1 Type


1.2 Site code


1.3 Site name


1.4 First Compilation date


1.5 Update date


1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2001-10
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/6-9-2010 (OJ 1495 B)


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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:


2.2 Area [ha]


2.3 Marine area [%]


2.4 Sitelength [km]:


2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)


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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA293Acrocephalus melanopogon               
BA168Actitis hypoleucos    150  150     
BA168Actitis hypoleucos           
BA247Alauda arvensis               
BA229Alcedo atthis           
BA229Alcedo atthis           
BA229Alcedo atthis    80  80     
BA054Anas acuta    1000  1000     
BA704Anas crecca crecca           
BA704Anas crecca crecca    1000  1000     
BA050Anas penelope    500  600     
BA705Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos    130  130     
BA705Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos    40  50     
BA705Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos    173  173     
BA703Anas strepera strepera    32  32     
BA255Anthus campestris           
BA255Anthus campestris           
BA228Apus (Tachymarptis) melba           
BA226Apus apus           
BA226Apus apus           
BA090Aquila clanga               
BA404Aquila heliaca           
BA089Aquila pomarina               
BA699Ardea cinerea cinerea    600  600     
BA699Ardea cinerea cinerea    10  12     
BA699Ardea cinerea cinerea    200  200     
BA634Ardea purpurea purpurea    450  450     
BA635Ardeola ralloides ralloides    500  500     
BA635Ardeola ralloides ralloides    10  10     
BA059Aythya ferina    2500  2500     
BA061Aythya fuligula           
BA060Aythya nyroca           
BA060Aythya nyroca           
BA688Botaurus stellaris stellaris    35  35     
BA688Botaurus stellaris stellaris    10  10     
BA215Bubo bubo       
BA133Burhinus oedicnemus       
BA087Buteo buteo           
BA087Buteo buteo           
BA403Buteo rufinus               
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla           
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla           
BA144Calidris alba    20  20     
BA144Calidris alba           
BA672Calidris alpina alpina           
BA672Calidris alpina alpina    50  50     
BA147Calidris ferruginea    2000  2000     
BA145Calidris minuta    2000  2000     
BA145Calidris minuta           
BA146Calidris temminckii           
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus           
BA727Charadrius (Eudromias) morinellus           
BA682Charadrius alexandrinus alexandrinus    100  100     
BA682Charadrius alexandrinus alexandrinus    14  16     
BA682Charadrius alexandrinus alexandrinus           
BA137Charadrius hiaticula    50  50     
BA137Charadrius hiaticula           
BA734Chlidonias hybrida    200  200     
BA198Chlidonias leucopterus    100  100     
BA197Chlidonias niger           
BA667Ciconia ciconia ciconia    30  30     
BA030Ciconia nigra    10  10     
BA080Circaetus gallicus       
BA081Circus aeruginosus    200  200     
BA081Circus aeruginosus    10  10     
BA082Circus cyaneus           
BA082Circus cyaneus       
BA083Circus macrourus           
BA083Circus macrourus           
BA084Circus pygargus               
BA231Coracias garrulus           
BA113Coturnix coturnix               
BA113Coturnix coturnix               
BA122Crex crex               
BA038Cygnus cygnus           
BA738Delichon urbicum (urbica)               
BA738Delichon urbicum (urbica)               
BA698Egretta alba (Casmerodius albus albus)    280  280     
BA697Egretta garzetta garzetta    2000  2000     
BA697Egretta garzetta garzetta    10  20     
BA697Egretta garzetta garzetta    250  250     
BA447Emberiza caesia           
BA379Emberiza hortulana                 
BA101Falco biarmicus           
BA098Falco columbarius               
BA100Falco eleonorae           
BA095Falco naumanni           
BA709Falco peregrinus brookei       
BA097Falco vespertinus    200  200     
BA321Ficedula albicollis           
BA320Ficedula parva               
BA723Fulica atra atra    20  20     
BA723Fulica atra atra    3000  3000     
BA153Gallinago gallinago           
BA689Gavia arctica arctica       
BA625Glareola pratincola pratincola    120  120     
BA078Gyps fulvus           
BA707Hieraaetus fasciatus (Aquila fasciata)           
BA092Hieraaetus pennatus (Aquila pennata)       
BA092Hieraaetus pennatus (Aquila pennata)       
BA131Himantopus himantopus    400  400     
BA131Himantopus himantopus    40  50     
BA439Hippolais olivetorum           
BA251Hirundo rustica    50000  50000         
BA251Hirundo rustica    90  100         
BA617Ixobrychus minutus minutus           
BA617Ixobrychus minutus minutus       
BA233Jynx torquilla           
BA233Jynx torquilla           
BA338Lanius collurio               
BA338Lanius collurio               
BA339Lanius minor           
BA339Lanius minor           
BA179Larus (Chroicocephalus) ridibundus             
BA179Larus (Chroicocephalus) ridibundus    600  600       
BA177Larus (Hydrocoloeus) minutus               
BA177Larus (Hydrocoloeus) minutus               
BA181Larus audouinii           
BA182Larus canus               
BA180Larus genei           
BA180Larus genei           
BA157Limosa lapponica       
BA614Limosa limosa limosa    500  500     
BA246Lullula arborea               
BA242Melanocorypha calandra           
BA069Mergus serrator       
BA073Milvus migrans       
BA260Motacilla flava           
BA260Motacilla flava           
BA768Numenius arquata arquata    600  600     
BA768Numenius arquata arquata    20  20     
BA610Nycticorax nycticorax nycticorax    250  250     
BA094Pandion haliaetus    35  35     
BA094Pandion haliaetus       
BA771Passer hispaniolensis           
BA020Pelecanus crispus       
BA019Pelecanus onocrotalus               
BA072Pernis apivorus    50  50     
BA392Phalacrocorax aristotelis desmarestii           
BA391Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis    30  40     
BA391Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis    321  321     
BA393Phalacrocorax pygmaeus                 
BA151Philomachus pugnax    10000  10000     
BA663Phoenicopterus roseus    417  417     
BA663Phoenicopterus roseus    464  464     
BA607Platalea leucorodia leucorodia    10  10     
BA607Platalea leucorodia leucorodia           
BA700Plegadis falcinellus falcinellus    1500  1500     
BA140Pluvialis apricaria           
BA140Pluvialis apricaria           
BA141Pluvialis squatarola    40  40     
BA141Pluvialis squatarola           
BA691Podiceps cristatus cristatus    10  10         
BA692Podiceps nigricollis nigricollis    30  30     
BA719Porzana parva           
BA119Porzana porzana           
BA132Recurvirostra avosetta           
BA132Recurvirostra avosetta           
BA249Riparia riparia    60000  60000     
BA249Riparia riparia    130  140     
BA731Sterna (Gelochelidon) nilotica nilotica    200  250           
BA732Sterna (Hydroprogne) caspia caspia           
BA631Sterna (Sternula) albifrons albifrons           
BA191Sterna (Thalasseus) sandvicensis           
BA193Sterna hirundo           
BA210Streptopelia turtur           
BA210Streptopelia turtur           
BA440Sylvia rueppelli           
BA440Sylvia rueppelli           
BA397Tadorna ferruginea               
BA048Tadorna tadorna    40  40     
BA161Tringa erythropus    300  300     
BA166Tringa glareola    11000  11000     
BA164Tringa nebularia    400  400     
BA164Tringa nebularia           
BA165Tringa ochropus    150  150     
BA165Tringa ochropus           
BA163Tringa stagnatilis    500  500     
BA162Tringa totanus    600  600     
BA162Tringa totanus           
BA162Tringa totanus           
BA728Vanellus (Hoplopterus) spinosus           
BA142Vanellus vanellus    50  50     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


Population in the site


Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
A143Calidris canutus                   
A143Calidris canutus                   
A143Calidris canutus                   
A726Charadrius dubius curonicus    500  500             
A726Charadrius dubius curonicus    10  10             
A726Charadrius dubius curonicus    500  500             
A726Charadrius dubius curonicus    10  10             
A726Charadrius dubius curonicus    500  500             
A726Charadrius dubius curonicus    10  10             
A207Columba oenas                   
A207Columba oenas                   
A207Columba oenas                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A641Larus fuscus intermedius                   
A641Larus fuscus intermedius                   
A685Melanitta fusca fusca               
A685Melanitta fusca fusca               
A685Melanitta fusca fusca               
A058Netta rufina               
A058Netta rufina               
A058Netta rufina               
A158Numenius phaeopus    10  10             
A158Numenius phaeopus    10  10             
A158Numenius phaeopus    10  10             
A435Oenanthe isabellina                   
A435Oenanthe isabellina                   
A690Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis    10  10             
A690Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis    30  30             
A690Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis    10  10             
A690Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis    30  30             
A690Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis    10  10             
A690Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis    30  30             
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons


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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover


Other Site Characteristics

The site is located in the soutwestern part of Peloponnisos. The western part of the bay is closed by the elongated island of Sfaktiria which has an orientation parallel to that of the opposite coast. This island is hilly, with a height of 106m, and has a calcareous substrate. A very characteristic vegetation of Juniperus phoenicea mixed with Euphorbia dendroides, Ruta chalepensis, Phlomis fruticosa and other phrygana species exists on this island. The entrance to the bay is at the southern edge of the site, and is partly, closed by the islet of Pylos, almost opposite the small town of the same name. To the north-west of the site, the coastal lagoon "Divari" of Pylos or of Gialova is situated. This is a shallow, brackish lake (with marshes), partly drying up in the summer. Around the lake, formations of mud- and sand-flats occur, mixed with salt marshes and salt forest of Tamarix species. Cliffs and rocky shores are present at the north of the lagoon, and give the appearance of being a continuation of the island of Sfaktiria. Well-developed sand-dunes occur between the lagoon and the sea-shore, and here healthy formations of Juniperus phoenicea and Platanus sp. grow..

4.2 Quality and importance

This is an important site for wintering and passage waterbirds. Species of concern include: Egretta garzetta, Egretta alba, Plegadis falcinellus, Glareola pratincola, Tringa stagnatilis, Tringa glareola and Gelochelidon nilotica.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both


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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Limni Ntivari-Valtos (Pylou-Romanou)*61.80

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Limni Ntivari-Valtos (Pylou-Romanou)*61.80


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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

No, but in preparation



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