Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

C

1.2 Site code

GR3000001

1.3 Site name

OROS PARNITHA

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-05

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:1987-10
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/6-9-2010 (OJ 1495 B)
Date site proposed as SCI:1996-08
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:23.728889
Latitude:38.176944

2.2 Area [ha]

14921.8100

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR30Attiki

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
5210  info      123.284  0.00   
8210  info      63.071  0.00   
92C0  info      0.667246  0.00 
9320  info      561.982  0.00   
9540  info      8029.7  0.00   
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA091Aquila chrysaetos           
BA215Bubo bubo           
BA087Buteo buteo           
MCapra aegagrus                     
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus           
BA080Circaetus gallicus           
R1279Elaphe quatuorlineata                 
R1293Elaphe situla                 
BA447Emberiza caesia           
BA269Erithacus rubecula           
BA709Falco peregrinus brookei           
BA251Hirundo rustica           
BA338Lanius collurio           
BA246Lullula arborea           
BA261Motacilla cinerea           
BA319Muscicapa striata           
M1321Myotis emarginatus                 
M1324Myotis myotis           
BA309Sylvia communis           
BA440Sylvia rueppelli           
R1217Testudo hermanni                 
R1218Testudo marginata                 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Abies cephalonica                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
A633Accipiter nisus                   
A633Accipiter nisus                   
A633Accipiter nisus                   
Amelanchier chelmea                   
Arenaria guicciardii                   
Astragalus hellenicus                   
2361Bufo bufo                   
2361Bufo bufo                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
Campanula celsii ssp. parnesia                   
1353Canis aureus                   
1353Canis aureus                     
A365Carduelis spinus                   
A365Carduelis spinus                   
Centaurea raphanina ssp. mixta                   
Centaurea sibthorpii                   
Cerastium candidissimum                   
Cervus elaphus                   
Coluber gemonensis                   
Coluber gemonensis                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
Crocidura leucodon                   
Crocidura leucodon                   
Crocus laevigatus                   
Crocus sieberi ssp. atticus                   
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                   
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                   
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
Ebenus sibthorpii                   
1327Eptesicus serotinus                   
1327Eptesicus serotinus                   
1327Eptesicus serotinus                   
1277Eryx jaculus                   
1277Eryx jaculus                   
1277Eryx jaculus                   
Fritillaria graeca                   
1852Fritillaria obliqua                   
1852Fritillaria obliqua                   
Helianthemum hymettium                   
A737Hirundo (Ptyonoprogne) rupestris                   
A737Hirundo (Ptyonoprogne) rupestris                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
Inula verbascifolia ssp. methanea                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
Lepus europaeus                   
Lepus europaeus                   
Linum leucanthum                   
Martes foina                   
Martes foina                   
Meles meles                   
Meles meles                   
Natrix natrix                   
Natrix natrix                   
1331Nyctalus leisleri                   
1331Nyctalus leisleri                   
1331Nyctalus leisleri                   
Onobrychis ebenoides                   
Paeonia mascula ssp. hellenica                   
1054Papilio alexanor                   
1054Papilio alexanor                   
Paronychia albanica ssp. graeca                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1311Pipistrellus savii                   
1311Pipistrellus savii                   
1311Pipistrellus savii                   
1326Plecotus auritus                   
1326Plecotus auritus                   
1326Plecotus auritus                   
1238Podarcis erhardii                   
1238Podarcis erhardii                   
1238Podarcis erhardii                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
Sciurus vulgaris                   
Sciurus vulgaris                   
Sideritis raeseri ssp. attica                   
Sideritis raeseri ssp. attica                   
Silene spinescens                   
Stachys spruneri                   
2603Suncus etruscus                   
2603Suncus etruscus                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
Talpa caeca                   
Talpa caeca                   
Thlaspi bulbosum                   
Verbascum graecum                   
Vicia pinetorum                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N060.01
N081.67
N151.09
N1760.42
N1830.31
N200.33
N226.17

Total Habitat Cover

100.00000000000001

Other Site Characteristics

The mountain of Parnitha (1413 m, Karambola) is located in the northern part of Attika, very close (40 km) to the centre of Athens. The mountainous block of Parnitha consists mainly of marbles and schists. The climate is typical Mediterranean with mean annual rainfall exceeding 650 mm. The site is a well forested area, characterised mainly by forests of the endemic greek fir, Abies cephalonica, on fairly poor and dry soil (a habitat type not included in Annex I, with CORINE 91 code 42.18); temperate coniferous forests (mainly Pinus halepensis); sclerophyllous scrub/maquis, mountain grassland, rocky cliffs, springs and streams. Regarding the zonal vegetation of the area, two main zones exist: 1. The zone of Abies cephalonica at the upper parts (starting from 600 - 800 m and upwards), with A. cephalonica forest, also characterised by Quercus ilex formations as well as by the presence of Quercus pubescence, Fraxinus ornus and other high altitude Mediterranean shrubs; and 2. The zone of Pinus halepensis and the evergreen, sclerophyllous shrubs (Quercus coccifera, Arbutus unedo, Phillyrea media, Myrtus communis, Olea europea, Ceratonia siliqua, Pistacia lentiscus etc.) which occur in unmixed communities or understorey vegetation of the pine forests. The area has been characterised as a national park since 1961. The core of the National park is located in the centre of the site and includes the summit area of the mountain. It must be mentioned that habitat type 9540 concerns Pinus halepensis forests.

4.2 Quality and importance

The National Park of Parnitha is a very interesting region regarding biodiversity, suitable to function as a shelter for the protection and conservation of the flora and fauna of southern Greece. Moreover, it has already been designated as a Special Protection Area (SPA) for birds. This is an important area for species associated with conifer forest species and upland scrub. Species of concern include: Emberiza caesia The flora of mount Parnitha is one of the richest in Greece. There have been recorded hundreds of plant species, many of which are endemic or threatened by extinction. It also hosts a variety of animal species, vertebrates and invertebrates, many of them legaly protected at national and international level. In addition, it is the only area in southern Greece where the red Deer (Cervus elaphus) survives. The proximity of the site to the city of Athens in combination to its great ecological and aesthetic value contribute to its significance as an area which has to be studied and protected.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA01i
LA01o
LA04i
MA10.01b
LD01.01i
MD01.02i
MD02.01o
LD02.01i
HE01.01o
ME01.02o
ME02.01o
LE03.01i
LE03.03i
LE04.01o
LF03.01i
HF03.02.03I
LF03.02.09i
MF04.01i
LG01.02i
MG01.03i
LG01.04i
LG01.05i
LG01.06i
LG01.08i
MG05i
LG05o
MG05.01i
MH04o
LH05o
LH06.01i
LH07o
MI03.01b
LI03.02i
MJ01o
MK01.01i
HK03.06I
MK04.02i
LK04.05i
ML09b
HL09i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HB02.01i
MB02.03i
LG01.04i
LG01.05i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR0526.49
GR210.21
GR9571.47

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Dasoktima Tato?ou-Salonikis Loimikou-Synidioktito Dasos Gkoura-Parnithas*71.47
GR05Parnitha*26.49
GR21Parnitha+0.21

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Dasoktima Tato?ou-Salonikis Loimikou-Synidioktito Dasos Gkoura-Parnithas*71.47
Parnitha*26.49
Parnitha+0.21

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:MANAGEMENT BODY OF “ETHNIKOS DRYMOS PARNITHAS”
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

Management plan for the National Forest Park - 1996.

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY