Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR3000005

1.3 Site name

SOUNIO - NISIDA PATROKLOU KAI PARAKTIA THALASSIA ZONI

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-01

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1996-08
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:23.994167
Latitude:37.659722

2.2 Area [ha]

5382.2700

2.3 Marine area [%]

21.8900

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR30Attiki

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1120  info  X     0.00   
1210  info      1.10243  0.00 
1240  info      4.81707  0.00 
1420  info      6.1048  0.00 
2110  info      4.39428  0.00 
2260  info      1.59781  0.00 
5210  info      28.3919  0.00 
5420  info      317.824  0.00 
6220  info  X     3.33491  0.00 
8210  info      7.77739  0.00 
92D0  info      9.51987  0.00 
9320  info      1416.2  0.00 
9540  info      1137.32  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
M1310Miniopterus schreibersii               
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum               
R1217Testudo hermanni           
R1218Testudo marginata           
M1349Tursiops truncatus                 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
Centaurea raphanina ssp. mixta                   
1274Chalcides ocellatus                   
1274Chalcides ocellatus                   
1274Chalcides ocellatus                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
Onobrychis ebenoides                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0121.49
N030.10
N040.27
N050.24
N086.97
N090.10
N1512.43
N160.01
N1738.33
N186.63
N220.61
N2312.82

Total Habitat Cover

99.99999999999997

Other Site Characteristics

The terrestrial part of the site has a typical mediterranean landscape. It consists of three ecosystems, which represent all the three types of mediterranean ecosystems of Greece, that is the pine forests, maquis (both continental and littoral) and phrygana, at several successional stages. The continental maquis is dominated by heavily grazed Quercus coccifera shrubs or small trees. In the area of the site there are old mines and sites of archaeological and paleontological interest.

4.2 Quality and importance

The Sounion National Forest (SNF) was founded in 1971. It covers 3500 ha, 750 ha of which is strictly protected area. The decision for the foundation of this National Forest, which is also protected by the Barcelona Convention, was taken because of the ecological, historical, geological and paleontological importance of the area in question: a. The Aleppo pine forest that overdominates the vegetation of the SNF is the most extended and well preserved pine forest in the area of eastern Attica. The importance of that forest for the microclimate of the overpopulated area of Athens is obvious. Also, a great number of plant and animal species find niches in this forest.b. The flora of the SNF is of great interest. Two species are greek endemics only to be found in that particular area: The area comprises all three mediterranean ecosystems of Greece, that is the Aleppo pine forests, the continental maquis (Quercus coccifera formations), the littoral maquis (Juniperus formations) and the phrygana. Different successional stages of each type of ecosystem can be seen here. It is because of that variety of ecosystems and successional stages and the fact that the SNF is not far from Athens, that it may serve as an ideal place for environmental educational purposes.d. A large number of minerals have been found in the area of the SNF, some of them being completely new to science. It is this variety of minerals and rocks that enhanced the development of a unique mining industry during the classic period (480 BC).e. Evidence of the welfare of this mining industry in the antiquity can still be seen, as the SNF is full of relicts of ancient mines, labs, houses, sanctuaries and other monuments.f. The area of the SNF has a lot of caves and other carstic formations. Those formations have worked as traps during the various geological periods. The result was the discovery of many fossils, especially at the northern part of the SNF. From the plant fossils found, the most interesting were those of Pinus maritima and Quercus suber, both species that are nowadays absent from the eastern part of the Mediterranean basin, and Pinus nigra, Buxus sempervirens, that now are only restricted to higher elevations. Apart from the SNF, a larger area that includes the SNF was nominated as Area of Archaeological and Historical Interest and as a Site of Particular Natural Beauty. The SNF is only a part of the present site. We propose that the protected area should be extended to the south, in order to include the area around the temple of Sounion, the marine area between the Sounion peninsula and the islet of Patroclos as well as the islet itself. The marine area mentioned above bears Posidonia oceanica beds in excellent condition. It is urgent to protect that habitat from the constantly increasing pollution in the Saronikos gulf. The islet of Patroklos is included in the proposed areas as, because of its geographical position (as well as the SNF), it provides resort to all migrating birds passing above the Sounion peninsula. Also, the numerous marine caves along the coast of both the Sounion peninsula and Patroclos islet, can be an excellent refugee for the monk seal. The flora of the area, though not yet studied, may prove to be interesting.The present site in general should be protected and at least the present status should not be withdrawn, as the claims for land from individuals put all the habitats under immense peril.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA01i
LA01o
LA04o
LA10.01i
LD01.01i
LD01.02i
LD02.01i
LE01.02i
LE02.01i
LE03.01o
LE03.01i
ME03.01b
LE03.04i
LE03.04o
HF01.01i
MF02b
LF02.01.02b
MF02.03.03b
LF03.01o
LF03.01i
LF04i
LG01.02i
LG01.04i
MG05.02b
HG05.07b
MH01i
MH01.03i
LH01.05b
MH01.08b
MH03.01b
HH03.03b
LH04o
MI01b
MI02b
MJ03.01b
LL09i
LL09o
HM01.01b
HM02.01b
LUb
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA01i
LA04o
LD01.01i
LD02.01i
LG01.02i
LG01.04i
LL09o
LUb

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR0511.57
GR1145.91
IN0457.48

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR05Sounio+11.57
GR11Oiti*0.00
GR11Sounio*45.91

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Sounio+11.57
Oiti*0.00
Sounio*45.91

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:1. FOREST SERVICE OF LAVRIO
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY