Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

Back to top

1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR3000006

1.3 Site name

YMITTOS - AISTHITIKO DASOS KAISARIANIS - LIMNI VOULIAGMENIS

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-02

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1996-08
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

Back to top

2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:23.802778
Latitude:37.898056

2.2 Area [ha]

8812.7900

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR30Attiki

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Back to top

3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1240  info      1.25437  0.00 
5210  info      547.951  0.00 
5420  info      759.094  0.00 
8210  info      22.131  0.00 
9320  info      2868.75  0.00 
9540  info      2699.6  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
R1227Chelonia mydas                   
R1293Elaphe situla           
M1310Miniopterus schreibersii                 
P1459Silene holzmannii    400  400   
R1217Testudo hermanni           
R1218Testudo marginata           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Anthemis cretica ssp. cretica                   
Atraphaxis billardieri                   
Biarum spruneri                   
Bolanthus graecus                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
Campanula celsii                   
Centaurea attica ssp. pentelica                   
Centaurea raphanina ssp. mixta                   
Cerastium candidissimum                   
1274Chalcides ocellatus                   
1274Chalcides ocellatus                   
1274Chalcides ocellatus                   
Chondrilla ramosissima                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
Crocus laevigatus                   
Fritillaria graeca                   
1852Fritillaria obliqua                   
1852Fritillaria obliqua                   
Helianthemum hymettium                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
Inula candida ssp. limonella                   
1263Lacerta viridis                   
1263Lacerta viridis                   
1263Lacerta viridis                   
Linum leucanthum                   
Natrix natrix                   
Natrix natrix                   
Onobrychis ebenoides                   
Onosma graeca                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
Scabiosa hymettia                   
Scorzonera crocifolia                   
Silene spinescens                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

Back to top

4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0824.52
N1721.63
N1833.06
N200.06
N2213.11
N237.62

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

Ymittos is a long but narrow mountain (total length 20 km), with its highest peak reaching at 1026 m. An intense but short gorge separates the northern part of the mountain from the southern. The commonest rock of northern Ymittos is the schist, while limestones can also be found particularly at the southern and western parts of the mountain. This explains the lack of springs, which can only be found at those parts of the site, where the two kinds of rock overlap. Occasionally, there are massif layers of marble under the schist. The annual precipitation ranges from 400 to 600mm. Finally, the site of Ymittos includes a great number of small and large caves.The maquis vegetation o fthe site constists of low individuals of Quercus coccifera.

4.2 Quality and importance

It is essential for the improvement of life quality in the urban areas to act towards the conservation of wild nature that might be neighbouring the urban areas in question. This is the case for the request for the conservation of the natural habitats and the wild nature in general of Mt.Ymittos.Despite the fact that the natural ecosystems of the mountain have more or less been affected by human pressure, a well-organised and ecologically sound management plan will certainly contribute towards the conservation and enrichment of its wild life.Although not few people regard Ymittos as an area for waste deposits or as a land to host new settlements, the wild life of the mountain still survives any type of pressure and does not stop to surprise us by a biodiversity unique for a mountain so close to a huge urban area.Many endemic taxa have been noted in its flora (some of which are protected under the greek law (Presidential Decree 67/81). The most interesting endemic of the site is Fritillaria obliqua that is included in the Bern convention (Revised Appendix I, 1992) and in Appendix IV of the Council Directive 92/43/EEC. In addition, some other taxa are of community interest as Greece is the only EU country where they can be found: Onosma graeca and Veronica glauca ssp. glauca (balkan endemics); Anthemis cretica ssp. cretica (only in Anatolia out of Greece); Dianthus serratifolius ssp. serratifolius (found only in Attki and Libya); Atraphaxis billardieri (Greece and Asia); Brassica cretica ssp. cretica (a chasmophyte found only in C. & S. Lebanon out of Greece. Carum graecum ssp. graecum is a balkan endemic. The site of Ymittos is closely related to the history of the development of botany and ecology in Greece. As a matter of fact, since as far back as the times of Orphanides and Heildreich (mid 19th century), many plant species were first collected and described from here. This is the reason why many plants of the greek flora have as second name the word "hymettia" or "hymetium". Concerning the fauna of the site, it includes many endemic taxa of invertebrates and many protected species. A specific reference must be made to Paranemonia vouliagmenensis, a stenoendemic to Limni Vouliagmeni (Vouliagmeni lake). Limni Vouliagmeni lies at the southern slopes of the mountain. It is certain that there are subterranean channels that allow the sea to communicate with the lake. The lake is quite deep and a submarine cave ends there. Also in the area of the lake a new species, Trimium atticum, has recently been found, providing evidence of the fact that the flora and fauna of Ymittos is far from being completely known. Apart from its ecological value, the site of Ymittos is of historical importance. Many monasteries are built on its slopes, dating in the 15th century. The most famous of them all is the Kaisariani monastery, which is found inside the Kaisariani aesthetic forest. In conclusion the wild life of the mountain can be ideally used for educational purposes not only by the students of the University of Athens but by students of every age of the general area of Athens. OTHER IMPORTANT SPECIES WITH MOTIVATION D Plants: Centaurea attica, Scorzonera crocofolia, Fritillaria obliqua, Consolida tenuissima are endemic species protected by the Presidential Decree 67/81. Atraphaxis billardieri is an isolated representative of an asiatic genus, a rare species on rocky macchie on limestone in Sterea Ellas (Ymittos, Euboea, Tymfristos), Kriti, Samos, Chios, Rodos. The mammal Pipistrellus pipistrellus, the amphibian Bufo viridis, the reptiles Lacerta viridis, Coluber najadum, Chalcides ocellatus, Natrix natrix, and Malpolon monspessulanus are protected by the Presidential Decree 67/81.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA01i
HA04i
HB01.02i
HC01.07o
HC01.07i
HD01.02o
HD02.01o
MD04.01o
HE01o
HE01.01o
HE01.01i
HE01.02i
ME02o
HE03.01i
HE03.01o
ME03.02o
HE03.04i
HE03.04o
HF03.01i
LF03.02.01i
HF04i
LG02o
HJ01.01I
HL09i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HD01.02o
HD02.01o
MD04.01o
LG02o
LUb

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

Back to top

5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR124.53

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR12Dasos Kaisarianis Attikis*4.53

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Dasos Kaisarianis Attikis*4.53

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

Back to top

6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:FOREST SERVICE OF PENTELI
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

Back to top No data

SITE DISPLAY