Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR3000008

1.3 Site name

ANTIKYTHIRA - PRASONISI KAI LAGOUVARDOS

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-05

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1997-04
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:23.268889
Latitude:35.916667

2.2 Area [ha]

7172.1400

2.3 Marine area [%]

70.9600

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR30Attiki

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1240  info      175.357  0.00 
3290  info      0.00         
5210  info      526.678  0.00 
5420  info      1075.12  0.00 
8210  info      0.00         
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
M1349Tursiops truncatus                 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Allium gomphrenoides                   
Anthemis scopulorum                   
Asperula taygetea                   
Campanula saxatilis ssp. cytherea                   
Inula candida ssp. candida                   
Nigella stricta                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
Viola scorpiuroides                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0171.97
N053.25
N060.94
N0820.86
N152.80
N220.01
N230.17

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The site is a group of islands on the south of Kyhtira island: Antikythira, Thymonies, Pseira, Plakoulithra, Lagouvardos and Prasonisi. Most of the islands are characterised by steep sea-cliffs with a plateau on the top. Antikythira is the larger island of the group. It has an area of 20 Km2 and a maximum altitude of 378 m. Few inhabitants live there throughout the year. The dominant rock is limestone (Triassic and Cretaceous) but there are some Neogene deposits, too.The dominant vegetation is low maquis and phrygana , while part of the island is cultivated with cereals. Antikythira is one of the drier locations in Greece, receiving annualy less than 200 mm of rainfall. Prasonisi is located 7.5 Km N-NW of Antikythira. Its area is about 0.27 Km2 and its maximum altitude 129 m. It consists of limestones. The vegetation consists mainly of herbaceous plants (phryganic and halophytic) but there is a thick body of maquis shrubs at the westwern side. Lagouvardos island is located 7.2 Km NW of Antikythira and 3 Km from Prasonisi. Its area is about 0.06 Km2 and its maximum altitude 42 m. It consists of limestone rocks. Halophilous herbs and a few Gramineae are the only plants growing there.

4.2 Quality and importance

The group of islands that comprise the site is of great biogeographical interest, as it is a zone influenced by both continental and S. Aegean faunistic and floristic elements and its flora, at least, is differentiated even from that the closest island, Kythira, located between Antikythira and the mainland (Peloponnesos). This fact is indicative of the ecological quality of the site and of its importance for conservation. Particular elements of the ecological importance of the site are:1) It is an important area for the migratory bird species. 2) The Mediterranean monk seal is resident in the site. 3) The reptile species present in the site (listed on section 3.3.) are protected by the Bern Convention and by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/1981) and some of them are considered species of Community interest (Directive 92/43/EEC). 4) The invertebrate fauna is interesting. In addition, ancient sand-dunes with fossils of many gastropod species (most psychrophilic) in Potamos harbour are of great scientific interest. 5) The flora of this group of islands has not been adequately studied, but the few existing data indicate its interest.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA01i
LA04i
LA05.01i
LA05.02i
LE01.03i
LF03.01i
LJ01i
LUb
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA01i
LA04i
LA05.02i
LE01.03i
LF03.01i
LJ01i
LUb

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR00100.00

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:FOREST SERVICE OF PEIRAIAS
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY