Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR3000010

1.3 Site name

NISIDES KYTHIRON: PRASONISI, DRAGONERA, ANTIDRAGONERA

1.4 First Compilation date

1997-03

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1996-08
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:23.103611
Latitude:36.222778

2.2 Area [ha]

989.1300

2.3 Marine area [%]

94.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR30Attiki

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1240  info      32.3049  0.00 
5330  info      27.0642  0.00 
5420  info      0.00         
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
R1227Chelonia mydas                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Allium gomphrenoides                   
Anthemis scopulorum                   
Centaurea raphanina ssp. mixta                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0193.91
N056.09

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

This site comprises three rocky islets which are located off the central-east part of the island of Kythira and belong to the Prefecture of Attiki. The altitudes of Prassonisi, Antidragonera and Dragonera are 13m, 20 m, and 36m, respectively. Prassonisi is the smallest islet, and Dragonera the biggest. All the islets are uninhabited. Human interference is not intense; it is confined to grazing by a small number of goats. On the islets of the site, as it happens on small islands in general, there are distinct vegetation zones: 1) a littoral zone, inhabited by true halophytes (Limonium sp., Lotus cytisoides, Frankenia hirsuta etc.), 2) a sublittoral zone, which is not washed by sea-water but is influenced by the salt spray and is inhabited by halophytes, as well as phrygana species, 3) an interior zone, characterised by phrygana species, such as Euphorbia dendroides (found in impressive formations on Dragonera and Antidragonera), Coridothymus capitatus, Teucrium divaricatum, Teucrium polium etc. The interior zone is missing from Prassonisi because of its small size. There is an extended sublittoral zone with "islet specialist" plant species, such as Brassica cretica ssp. aegea, Allium commutatum and Anthemis scopulorum.

4.2 Quality and importance

The main elements of the quality and importance of the site are: 1) their bird fauna and 2) their plant and habitat profile. Field works as well as analysis of the floristic data have shown an important diversity in the flora and the physiognomy of these islets.It should be noted that some species occur mainly on islets («islet specialist» plant species): Anthemis scopulorum, Allium commutatum, Lavatera arborea, Brassica cretica ssp. aegaea, Convolvulus oleifolius etc. Some of these species seem to base their existence in the area on islet populations mainly. Anthemis scopulorum is an «islet specialist» Aegean endemic (new to Kythira area) which is found on Prassonisi as co-dominant species along with Brassica cretica ssp. Allium gomphrenoides, with distribution on south Peloponnisos, Kythira and Antikythira, is found on all three islets of the site. The presence of Bupleurum greuteri, which is an endemic species known from south Peloponnisos and Kythira, on Dragonera is very interesting.The mediterranean seal has been found at Prassonisi, but the information available is not yet sufficient for the evaluation of its population.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA04i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR956.09

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Tholaria, Agia Moni, Agios Georgios, Megali Dragonera, Antidragonera, Prasonisi Dimou Kythiron*6.09

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Tholaria, Agia Moni, Agios Georgios, Megali Dragonera, Antidragonera, Prasonisi Dimou Kythiron*6.09

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:FOREST SERVICE OF PEIRAIAS
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY