Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

GR3000013

1.3 Site name

KYTHIRA KAI GYRO NISIDES: PRASONISI, DRAGONERA, ANTIDRAGONERA, AVGO, KAPELLO, KOUFO KAI FIDONISI

1.4 First Compilation date

1997-03

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:1997-02
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/6-9-2010 (OJ 1495 B)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:23.050278
Latitude:36.270833

2.2 Area [ha]

5372.9500

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR30Attiki

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA402Accipiter brevipes           
BA247Alauda arvensis           
BA229Alcedo atthis           
BA229Alcedo atthis           
BA055Anas querquedula           
BA255Anthus campestris           
BA228Apus (Tachymarptis) melba           
BA228Apus (Tachymarptis) melba           
BA226Apus apus           
BA226Apus apus           
BA404Aquila heliaca           
BA404Aquila heliaca           
BA089Aquila pomarina           
BA699Ardea cinerea cinerea           
BA699Ardea cinerea cinerea           
BA634Ardea purpurea purpurea                 
BA635Ardeola ralloides ralloides                 
BA060Aythya nyroca                 
BA133Burhinus oedicnemus                 
BA087Buteo buteo           
BA087Buteo buteo           
BA403Buteo rufinus           
BA403Buteo rufinus           
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla           
BA010Calonectris diomedea           
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus           
BA667Ciconia ciconia ciconia               
BA667Ciconia ciconia ciconia               
BA080Circaetus gallicus           
BA080Circaetus gallicus           
BA081Circus aeruginosus           
BA083Circus macrourus           
BA084Circus pygargus           
BA231Coracias garrulus                 
BA113Coturnix coturnix           
BA122Crex crex           
BA738Delichon urbicum (urbica)           
BA447Emberiza caesia               
BA379Emberiza hortulana                 
BA100Falco eleonorae    32  32     
BA095Falco naumanni           
BA709Falco peregrinus brookei       
BA321Ficedula albicollis           
BA320Ficedula parva           
BA078Gyps fulvus           
BA707Hieraaetus fasciatus (Aquila fasciata)           
BA092Hieraaetus pennatus (Aquila pennata)           
BA439Hippolais olivetorum           
BA251Hirundo rustica           
BA251Hirundo rustica           
BA695Hydrobates pelagicus melitensis           
BA617Ixobrychus minutus minutus                 
BA233Jynx torquilla           
BA338Lanius collurio           
BA339Lanius minor           
BA181Larus audouinii    45  45     
BA246Lullula arborea           
BA230Merops apiaster           
BA073Milvus migrans           
BA077Neophron percnopterus           
BA610Nycticorax nycticorax nycticorax                 
BA072Pernis apivorus    500  800     
BA392Phalacrocorax aristotelis desmarestii    30  50     
BA691Podiceps cristatus cristatus           
BA692Podiceps nigricollis nigricollis           
BA464Puffinus yelkouan    600  600     
BA464Puffinus yelkouan           
BA249Riparia riparia           
BA191Sterna (Thalasseus) sandvicensis                 
BA191Sterna (Thalasseus) sandvicensis                 
BA210Streptopelia turtur           
BA210Streptopelia turtur           
BA440Sylvia rueppelli                 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0850.00
N0925.51
N171.02
N216.12
N2317.35

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

This site comprises north and eastern part of Kythira island and seven rocky islets which are located off the island of Kythira and belong to the Prefecture of Attiki. Prassonisi is the smallest islet, and Avgo the biggest.All the islets are uninhabited. Human interference is not intense; it is confined to grazing by a small number of goats.On the islets of the site, as it happens on small islands in general, there are distinct vegetation zones: 1) a littoral zone, inhabited by true halophytes (Limonium sp., Lotus cytisoides, Frankenia hirsuta etc.), 2) a sublittoral zone, which is not washed by sea-water but is influenced by the salt spray and is inhabited by halophytes, as well as phrygana species, 3)an interior zone, characterised by phrygana species, such as Euphorbia dendroides (found in impressive formations on Dragonera and Antidragonera), Coridothymus capitatus, Teucrium divaricatum, Teucrium polium etc. The interior zone is missing from Prassonisi because of its small size. There is an extended sublittoral zone with "islet specialist" plant species, such as Brassica cretica ssp. aegea, Allium commutatum and Anthemis scopulorum.Falco eleonorae population values are based on LIFE - Nature «Δράσεις προστασίας για τον Μαυροπετρίτη Falco eleonorae στην Ελλάδα» (LIFE03 NAT/GR/000091)

4.2 Quality and importance

This is an important site for breeding seabirds and species associated with coastal cliffs. The site is a migratory bottleneck, where many hundreds of raptors regularly pass in autumn. Species of concern include: Calonectris diomedea, Puffinus yelkouan, Phalacrocorax aristotelis, Falco eleonorae, Falco peregrinus, Larus audouinii and Emberiza caesia.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA02.01b
HA05.03b
HC03.03bb
HE01b
HG01b
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR9553.62

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Tholaria, Agia Moni, Agios Georgios, Megali Dragonera, Antidragonera, Prasonisi Dimou Kythiron*53.62

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Tholaria, Agia Moni, Agios Georgios, Megali Dragonera, Antidragonera, Prasonisi Dimou Kythiron*53.62

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:FOREST SERVICE OF PEIRAIAS
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY