Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR4110001

1.3 Site name

LIMNOS: CHORTAROLIMNI - LIMNI ALYKI KAI THALASSIA PERIOCHI

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-02

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1996-08
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:25.463056
Latitude:39.951389

2.2 Area [ha]

18313.5700

2.3 Marine area [%]

71.4000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR41Voreio Aigaio

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1110  info      0.00   
1120  info  X     0.00   
1170  info      0.00   
1210  info      0.00         
1240  info      4.28898  0.00 
1310  info      0.00         
1410  info      152.481  0.00 
1420  info      48.33  0.00 
2110  info      16.4815  0.00 
2120  info      92.5113  0.00 
2190  info      142.244  0.00 
2260  info      55.8334  0.00 
3170  info  X     0.114578  0.00 
3290  info      0.00         
5420  info      614.523  0.00 
6420  info      17.8259  0.00 
9350  info      0.00         
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
R1220Emys orbicularis    21  100   
R2373Mauremys rivulata    101  1000   
R1219Testudo graeca    101  1000   
M1349Tursiops truncatus                 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Aplysina aerophoba                   
Asparagopsis armata                   
Asparagopsis taxiformis                   
Axinella cannabina                   
1201Bufo viridis    1001  10000           
1201Bufo viridis    1001  10000           
1201Bufo viridis    1001  10000           
Caulerpa cylindracea                   
Cladocora caespitosa                   
Codium fragile                   
1278Coluber caspius                   
1278Coluber caspius                   
1278Coluber caspius                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
Cymodocea nodosa                   
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                   
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                   
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                   
Cystoseira barbata                   
Cystoseira barbatula                   
Cystoseira compressa                   
Cystoseira corniculata                   
Cystoseira crinita                   
Cystoseira crinita                   
1277Eryx jaculus                   
1277Eryx jaculus                   
1277Eryx jaculus                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
1077Hyles hippophaes                   
1077Hyles hippophaes                   
Kallymenia sp.                   
Melobesioideae                   
Natrix natrix                   
Natrix natrix                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
1268Ophisops elegans    1001  10000           
1268Ophisops elegans    1001  10000           
1268Ophisops elegans    1001  10000           
Paracentrotus lividus                   
Paracentrotus lividus                   
1200Pelobates syriacus    1001  10000           
1200Pelobates syriacus    1001  10000           
1200Pelobates syriacus    1001  10000           
Pholas dactylus                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
5360Rana bedriagae    10000             
5360Rana bedriagae    10000             
5360Rana bedriagae    10000               
1040Stylurus flavipes                   
Tonna galea                   
Xyrichtys novacula                   
Xyrichtys novacula                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0170.98
N032.39
N041.57
N050.18
N060.24
N082.07
N100.28
N1521.96
N180.10
N230.23

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

Alyki is a shallow coastal salt lagoon and Chortarolimni is a coastal seasonal brackish marsh (hereafter they are called lakes for simplicity). The lakes Alyki and Chortarolimni are located in the eastern part of the island of Limnos, along the coastal zone and in close proximity to each other. The surface of the lakes is about 600 ha and 230 ha respectively. Between the two lakes there is a smaller one (Asprolimni, ca. 42 ha). The access to the wetland is difficult during the rainy season and is made possible through a trail. The latter is close to the road that connects the communities of Roussopoulio, Romano, Kalliopi and Kontopoulio with the habitation centre of the community of Moudros. Alyki is covered, for the most part, by sea water in contrast to Chortarolimni which is empty of water most of the time.When there is no water Alyki as well as Chortarolimni form an extended salt meadow the skirts of which that face the sea are devoid of vegetation due to the severe winds. The area of the meadow is occupied by salt scrubs (Salicornia sp., Arthrocnemum sp., Tamarix sp.) intermixed with glasswort swards. In the outer zone of the skirts one finds Juncus sp., Erica sp., Cistus sp., Euphorbia sp. and Sarcopoterium spinosum. Wooded formations are very scattered within the broader area (olive trees, Vitex agnus, Elaegnus angustifolius, Ficus carica, Quercus macrolepis - habitat type 9350). There also exist mosaic-type areas of Phragmites australis and Arundo donax.Finally, a narrow zone of ammophilous psammophytic vegetation extends at the seashore [fine sand, unstabilised dunes -Ammophila arenaria, Eryngium maritimum, Pancratium maritimum followed by a transitional zone with stabilised dunes - Centaurea spinosa, Thymus sp. (habitat type 2260)]. NOTES: Maps of the Hellenic Army Geographical Service, the Royal Greek Navy Hydrographic Service and the British Navy Hydrographic Service were used to delimitate the present site. The road which follows the contour line at 10 m was considered as the best approximation to the relief since it is laid out parallel to the row of hills. It includes drainage-basins that end at the lakes Alyki and Chortarolimni.Since the marine area of the site is in the northern Aegean Sea, the water is more turbid and the depth curve at 20 m was regarded as a satisfactory approximation to the lower limit of distribution of the submarine meadows (Posidonia oceanica beds). The whole plateau is considered to be covered by submarine meadows. Their presence is shown on the map of the Navy Hydrographic Service though it is possible that large areas of the plateau may be devoid of vegetation (Posidonia oceanica) due to the great hydrodynamism. In the case of habitat type 1170 (reefs), boundaries were drawn by following the depth curve at 10 m (Keros reefs) and the corresponding one at 5 m (Petalida reefs). The difference between the two depth curves is justified by the greater hydrodynamism at Keros reefs.

4.2 Quality and importance

The site hosts suitable habitats (rivers with sandy substrate) for the Odonata species (Stylurus flavipes) that should be present there. No sampling was performed at the site.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA01i
HA04i
LA07i
LA08i
HC01.01i
MD01.02i
HD05i
ME03.01i
ME03.03i
LE04.02i
MF02b
HF02.02.01o
MF02.03.03b
HF03.01i
MG04.01i
LG05.02b
HG05.07b
LH01i
LH01.03i
LH01.05b
LH01.08b
MH03.01o
HH03.03o
LI01b
MI02b
MJ02.04i
HJ02.12i
LJ03.01b
MM01.01b
MM02.01b
MXEb
MXOb
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR956.16

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Komi-Tourles-Chortalimni (Romanou-Roussopouliou-Kalliopis)*6.12
GR95Palaiokastro-Alepotrypes-Voutsadika (Panagias-Plakas)*0.04

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Komi-Tourles-Chortalimni (Romanou-Roussopouliou-Kalliopis)*6.12
Palaiokastro-Alepotrypes-Voutsadika (Panagias-Plakas)*0.04

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:FISHERIES DIRECTORATE OF LESVOS
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY