Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR4110005

1.3 Site name

LESVOS KOLPOS GERAS, ELOS NTIPI KAI OROS OLYMPOS – POTAMOS EVERGETOULAS

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-03

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1997-04
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:26.422721
Latitude:37.956841

2.2 Area [ha]

11918.1400

2.3 Marine area [%]

38.1700

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR41Voreio Aigaio

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1110  info      0.00   
1120  info  X     0.00   
1150  info  X     1.51734  0.00 
1160  info      4549.19  0.00 
1170  info      0.00   
1210  info      1.96882  0.00 
1310  info      0.298221  0.00 
1410  info      29.1836  0.00 
1420  info      1.96992  0.00 
4090  info      58.7562  0.00 
5420  info      703.408  0.00 
6220  info  X     0.555104  0.00 
8210  info      33.0072  0.00 
9260  info      958.475  0.00 
92C0  info      61.1834  0.00 
9530  info  X     6.68119  0.00 
9540  info      2493.75  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
F1152Aphanius fasciatus           
F5254Barbus pergamonensis           
R1293Elaphe situla           
R1220Emys orbicularis           
P2327Himantoglossum caprinum    60  60   
R2373Mauremys rivulata           
M1305Rhinolophus euryale                 
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum                 
M1303Rhinolophus hipposideros                 
M1302Rhinolophus mehelyi                 
R1219Testudo graeca           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
Aceras anthropophorum                   
Alyssum lesbiacum                   
Anacamptis pyramidalis                   
Anacamptis pyramidalis                   
Aplysina aerophoba                   
Arca noae                   
Balanophyllia europaea                   
2361Bufo bufo                   
2361Bufo bufo                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
Caulerpa cylindracea                   
Cephalanthera epipactoides                   
Cephalanthera longifolia                   
Cephalanthera longifolia                   
Cladocora caespitosa                   
1278Coluber caspius                   
1278Coluber caspius                   
1278Coluber caspius                   
Comperia comperiana                   
Corydalis integra                   
Crocus biflorus ssp. nubigena                   
Cymodocea nodosa                   
Cystoseira brachycarpa                   
Epipactis microphylla                   
Epipactis microphylla                   
Erysimum horizontale                   
Fritillaria pontica                   
Galanthus elwesii                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
1203Hyla arborea    500             
1203Hyla arborea    500             
1203Hyla arborea    500             
1251Lacerta trilineata    100             
1251Lacerta trilineata    100             
1251Lacerta trilineata    100             
Limodorum abortivum                   
Listera ovata                   
Microsciadium minutum                   
Natrix natrix                   
Natrix natrix                   
1292Natrix tessellata                   
1292Natrix tessellata                   
1292Natrix tessellata                   
Neotinea maculata                   
1268Ophisops elegans                   
1268Ophisops elegans                   
1268Ophisops elegans                   
Ophrys fusca                   
Ophrys fusca                   
Ophrys holosericea                   
Ophrys scolopax                   
Ophrys scolopax                   
Orchis coriophora                   
Orchis italica                   
Orchis italica                   
Orchis laxiflora ssp. palustris                   
Orchis morio                   
Orchis provincialis                   
Orchis provincialis                   
Orchis quadripunctata                   
Orchis quadripunctata                   
Orchis sancta                   
Orchis sancta                   
Orchis simia                   
Orchis simia                   
Orchis tridentata                   
Orchis tridentata                   
Paracentrotus lividus                   
Paracentrotus lividus                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
5360Rana bedriagae    10000             
5360Rana bedriagae    10000             
5360Rana bedriagae    10000             
1336Sciurus anomalus                   
1336Sciurus anomalus                   
1336Sciurus anomalus                   
Sideritis sipylea                   
Silene urvillei                   
Sphaerechinus granularis                   
Spiranthes spiralis                   
Spiranthes spiralis                   
Tordylium hirtocarpum                   
Tulipa orphanidea                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0140.45
N020.01
N030.37
N050.14
N060.93
N080.71
N090.10
N1513.84
N166.41
N1725.71
N1811.20
N230.13

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The area is located in the SE part of the island. Geologically it consists of alluvial deposits (around Geras bay), marbles, schists, pyroxeno-peridotites and olivinites. The marine area covers 49% of the site. Mount Olympos (968 m) is covered by Castanea sativa and Pinus brutia forests whilst its summit is naked and rocky. On mount Olympos there are also arborescent forms of Quercus coccifera mixed with deciduous species such as Ñrunus sp., Acer cempervirum, Crataegus sp., etc. Between Agiasos and Megalochori there is comparatively small area covered by Pinus pallasiana ssp. nigra. Kolpos Geras is an inland bay communicating with the Aegean sea through a narrow channel. Its surface is 42 km2 and its maximum depth 20 m. Saltmarshes are formed alongside the coasts of the bay and especially at Ntipi, Larsos, Evreiaki, Charamida, etc.

4.2 Quality and importance

The bay is important for the migratory birds because of its saltmarshes. Mount Olympos presents a great botanical interest due to the occurence of the local endemic Alyssum lesbiacum and of other important and rare plant species for both Greece and Europe.Regarding the species it should be noted that OTHER IMPORTANT SPECIES WITH MOTIVATION D.Plants: Comperia comperiana, Corydalis integra, Fritillaria pontica, Tulipa orphanidea and Silene urvillei are protected by the Presidential Decree 67/81.Orchis laxiflora marked with the letter D is also protected by Greek legislation (Presidential Decree 67/1981).Tordylium hirtocarpum, Erysimum horizontale, Crocus biflorus ssp. nubigena, Allium proponticum, Sideritis sipylea, Galanthus elwesii, Campanula lyrata ssp. lyrata and Microsciadium minutum are rare for both Greece and Europe. In addition, Orchis coriophora is included because Orchidaceae are always attractive and interesting species. All the orchid species listed in the section of "other important species" are protected by the CITES Convention (Annex C). Galanthus elwesii is also protected by the CITES Convention (Appendix II). Part of the site may hold very small populations of two endangered fish species however surveys have not been completed to ascertain habitat conditions and species distributions. Water abstraction may cause these fishes to remain in lower elevations below the current boundaries of the site. River Evergetoulas: This basin is extremely important water system for some very rare endemic species of fish. Here living an endemic species of the Eastern Aegean covered by Directive 92/43, the Barbus pergamonensis (Stoumboudi et al. 2006). the area hosts other fish species, such as Oxynoemacheilus theophilii. It is the only known area of ​​distribution of the two aforementioned species in Europe and the habitats of these species are under intense anthropogenic pressures from water abstraction and interventions in the bed and banks of the river ecosystem.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01o
LA04i
LA05.02i
MA07o
MB02.01i
MB02.04i
LC01.01.01o
MD01.01i
MD01.02i
MD02.01i
MD03.01i
MD03.03b
LE01.01I
ME01.01i
ME01.02o
ME01.03i
ME01.03b
HE02.01o
ME03.01i
HE03.02i
MF01.01i
MF02b
MF02.01.02b
HF02.02.01o
MF02.02.02i
MF02.03.03b
LF02.03.03b
HF03.01i
LF03.01I
LF03.02.03I
MF03.02.05b
MF04i
MF05.01b
MF05.05b
MG01.01.01b
MG01.02i
MG01.03i
MG01.04.03b
LG02.08i
LG02.10i
MG04.01o
HG05.02b
HG05.07b
MH01i
MH01b
LH01.03i
MH01.05b
MH01.08b
MH03.01i
MH03.01b
HH03.03b
LI02b
MJ01o
MJ02.01.03i
HJ02.06.01b
MJ02.11i
HJ03.01b
LJ03.02I
LK03.07I
ML05b
HL09i
MM01.01b
MM01.07b
HM02.01b
MM02.03b
LUb
MXOb
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MB02.04i
MD01.01i
MD01.02i
MD02.01i
MF02.02.02i
MG01.02i
LG02.08i
LG02.10i
MG04.01o
MJ01o
HJ02.06.01b
LUb

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR952.82

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Divolo-Akothi (Loutron)*2.62
GR95Plati (Asomaton-Sykountos-Mychou)*0.19
GR95Koutra-Chorafi Agrias-Chorafelia (Agiasou)*0.01

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Divolo-Akothi (Loutron)*2.62
Plati (Asomaton-Sykountos-Mychou)*0.19
Koutra-Chorafi Agrias-Chorafelia (Agiasou)*0.01

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY